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ar-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar- or dil.ie/3911

pref. see air-.

ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912

Forms: airib, airilb, ára, áir

n o. Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?). N p. ára in late texts ( TTebe 3608 , CCath. 2269 . áir, TTebe 857 ) may indicate orig. n. gender.

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc. M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht, 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Met. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry- boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', FM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Met. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht: an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airindí, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See Thurn. Gramm. § 823 , Ped. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of ar and for).

In Mid. Ir. for and íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airindí, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. Suibhne 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth Gabl. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdo- tāigi, TBC² 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, Arch. iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . Thurn. Gramm. § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. Thurn. Gramm. § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Ir. Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Studies i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, Thurn. Gramm. § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC² 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC² 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib (oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Ped. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth Gabl. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth Gabl. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth Gabl. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC² 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC² 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅ ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etar- scarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, Arch. iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth Gabl. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, cúis, écndairc, écen, ecla, gart, midlachus, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desim- recht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terri- bilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórm- ach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC² 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láin- léighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as- [c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla- sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Met. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab. 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobh- thar ortha go . . ., O'Hussey TC 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth Gabl. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, Arch. iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were dis- covered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 (for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Met. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sits 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

2 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ar or dil.ie/3903

Forms: air, ar, ár, úaire

prep. 1 ar used as conjunction for, since, seeing that, for the reason that . In O. Ir. also air (see Thurn. Gramm. § 168 . This spelling predominates only in Ml., ar being commoner both in Wb. and Sg.). Also ár, LU 3255 , 3257 ( SC 5 ) (vowel perh. influenced by ór = úaire, MU2 Gloss., cf. also ór from ó + ro). Occasionally leniting ( Ml. 42c8 , Sg. 206a3 ), see Thurn. Gramm. § 906 . Perh. substituted for earlier ol, al (see 2 ol). Cf. ar ni raibi, IT i 118.14 = ol ni rabi, LU 10718 . Also ál asbert, 10721 = al, Ériu xii 164.1 (TE2. ┐ isbert, v.l.). Wind., IT i Wtb . compares olchena archena.

`Introduces principal causal clauses or periods', Thurn. Gramm. § 906 or dependent negative: ba samalta re Meidb na beth penning a selba lé. arna baí tarb a chomméit lé fora búaib 'it seemed to Medb as if she had not a penny of possessions since she had not a bull as great as that among her kine' LL ii 7624 , Celtica ix 122 . radis friss ara tísed uathad leis … ár nach crích ł ferand baí aice, 'he told him to come only with a small number … for he had neither land nor domain' LL ii 8382 , Celtica ix 122 . atraachtatar Ulaid co barbarda ara n-armaib. ár nar lam Sencha érgi eturru 'the Ulstermen rose furiously to seize their arms since Sencha did not dare to rise among them' LL v 34699 , Celtica ix 122 . The clause so introduced is usually an explanation or amplification of the circumstances attend- ing a foregoing statement or question, e.g. co farcbad leesi a liasom . . . Ar adrubairtseom is isind liic robui a anim a mathar, Anecd. i 10.13 ( SCano 309 ). cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucam ? Ar ba mese sacart oc baistiud ind anma sin fora athair, Sc. M² 12 . With absol. and deut. form of verbs: airataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . airis ho athir because it is from the father, 17c7 . air danimmart greim á aite, 14b14 . ar ba doig lais, PH 293 . ? ársit cara `since thou art a friend', Met. Dinds. iv 362.175 (órsad, v.l.). Folld. by proclitic: arciaricc, Wb. 2a5 . ar cia bésiu, BColm. 106.6 . ar diambe . . . `for if he be', Mon. Tall. 153.8 . ar mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc, 132.16 . ar nifarnic, Wb. 2a21 . arníasse nóib disuidib, 3d28 . air ni foircnea, Ml. 102a15 . ar ní hinfíadnaisi, Críth Gabl. 35 . is hí tucait in carpait do breith cu Fíacc, ar notéighed . . ., ZCP viii 106.28 . Note also: ar céin con-oadar . . . nicon tessēba maith airi, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . In asyntactic constructions where a nomina- tive precedes the main clause: air an oen ar fichit it trisecht són, Ml. 2d2 . arlín inna laithe ised immefolngi éccintigi dund aimsir for it is the number of days which causes, 17d6 . arincorp . . . frissaroscarsom . . . nifil taidchur do dochum inchoirpsin, Wb. 3a14 . ár cech ben ro charastar C.C. ba clóen, etc., LU 3257 ( SC 5 ). ar cid bās dobera for cethra is coitchend dōib, ZCP viii 104.5 . Note also: air cia salm- scribdid conicfed són `for what psalmist could have done that?' Ml. 14a6 . With prec. causal conjunction: daig ar-dot-roset fir hErend for the men of Ireland will come to thee, TBC 1495 . fó bith ar is, LU 3446 ( SC 22 ). In a loose connective sense: ar do-loga 'further, let it forgive' Ériu xl 27 . ar is sí trisfintiu innso 'this is one of the three kindred-rights' Peritia iv 313 (BB 10) . air [is] i suidiu ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine, iarfine ┐ indfine 'here gelfine, derbfine, iarfine, and indfine … has been established' ibid. (BB 11) . ar is sí breth ba(i)rr-bunaid 'this is the judgement of 'branches-and-trunk'' ibid. 316 (BB 12) .

3 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ar or dil.ie/3904

Forms: ol

v variant of 6 ol says, q.v. See Celtica iv 95 - 102 , Vendr. Lex. s.v. ol `au-delà', Usually ol in O. Ir. glosses, but ar occurs at Ml. 44b10 - 11 , 44c20 . In Mid. Ir. also freq. or, for, far, bar (see 3 for). Original spoken form perh. arse (O. Ir. olse), usually printed ar sé in editions. Cf. arse (sic Facs.) in gilla, LL 10243 (= ar se, in gilla `sagte er, der Bursche', TBC 3254 ). arse A., 307a26 . Cf. also arsé arAdam, SR 1306 , arsi ar Eua, 1554 , arse for Fer Diad, TBC² 2578 . Exx. of arse, etc. without noun in sense of inquit: ar sé, Sc. M² 6R . ar se, PH 2802 . ar sé, TSh. 2566 . ar sí, Sc. M² 3R . ar sí, TBFr. 356 . orsé, BDD² 452 . or sé, Sc. M² 4R . orsí, BDD² 61 . or si, LU 3590 ( SC 30 ). With pl. ending or pron.: ar siat, St. Ercuil 697 . or cách, BDD² 215 . ordat meic Duind Désa, 891 . Exx. of ar etc. with noun subject: ar crist, Ml. 44b10 . ar [duai]d, 44c20 . ar M., Sc. M² 5R . ar F., TBFr. 321 . ar L., PH 1540 . or in t-aes uilc, BDD² 618 . or C., Sc. M² 20R . ar an t-aingeal, DDána 17.15 .

4 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ar or dil.ie/3905

Forms: aire, air, airib, or

n o. In early texts also with g s. aire, d s. air (cf. d pl. airib: -maigib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 ). Perh. orig. o, n. with early adoption of s-inflection (see the remarks on dún, Thurn. Gramm. § 280 ). m., IGT Decl. § 68 (d s. or).

(a) act of ploughing, tilling, cultivating; husbandry: a.¤ ab eo quod est aro .i. airim, Corm. Y 13 . a.¤ ab aro uel ab aruo, unde arbur .i. ar-fēr .i. ḟēr mbroga, O'Mulc. 52 . a.¤ .i. treabh- adh, O'Cl. a.¤ ┐ buain, Laws ii 366.19 . dam fri ha.¤ , i 122.10 . in dam aire, ZCP xv 308 § 3 . fir suicc .i. biss oc aur, O'C. 801 ( H. 3.18, 371b ). oin eich ag a.¤ for bla `the loan of a horse to plough upon land', Laws v 278.4 . slan doibsium int a.¤ sin do denum, Laws iii 270.1 . fri ha.¤ ┐ fri trebad in talman, Fél. 88.24 . a menma i n-a.¤ ┐ i mbuain do gres, PH 3548 . co raairdis laa n-air, LL 220b29 ( TTr. 260 ). lá air n-indraic, Ériu i 220 § 14 . a lá áir, O'C. 2145 ( Eg. 88, 3(4)a ) (a labour- rent, Plummer MS notes, cf. a.¤ manach duty-work , Reeves Ad. 369 and see Ériu ix 157 - 8 ). re hūair n-air for the plough- ing, ZCP viii 221.7 . Mairt a n-a.¤, Mairt hi corad sil a ngurt, RC xii 106 § 160 . sgur don ithir dh'or, IGT Decl. ex. 875 . ní léig fuacht do a.¤ ná obair do dhēanamh, Párl. na mB. 3423 . Fig. tabair ucht ar a.¤ na haithrighe to cultivate repentance, TSh. 6940 . Cf. further: go nár fágbatar . . . d'araib ná d'innmasaib ` agriculture (implements and produce)', Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.10 .

(b) the land ploughed, cultivated land: hit air for your ploughed land, Laws i 162.21 . mad boui occi ┐ a.¤ da ṡesrech .x. esiden `he had a field, making a ploughland of twelve teams', Ériu v 114.2 . tarrúd úire ar airib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 . a silad in air sin o fhiaclaib na nathrach, TTebe 68 . ?tarsna tri lán-air `ploughlands', Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 20 . ag buain a hair `reap its tillage', O'Gr. Cat. 442.14 . iomdha feadhbh gan a.¤ gan ura `farmless . . . widows', Ó Bruad. ii x 2 . a.¤ gan fhál `unfenced tillage-land', LBranach 651 . fál fa a.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 392.33 .

5 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 ar or dil.ie/3906

Forms: 'r

poss. pron. 1 pl., nasalizing. After unstressed words ending in vowels somet. 'r: do-r-ralaid, SR 1754 (as inf. pron.). re'r n-indmas, PH 780 . lēr cumachtuib, ML² 1598 . With di and do diar, later dár ( PH 709 ). With i n- nar and ionar both correct, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25.28 . See and Thurn. Gramm. 277 , 283 .

(a) our, belonging to us: ar n-athir, Wb. 2b23 . diar ṅgnímaib, 17c23 . fri ar corp, 15c22 . innar corp, ibid. ar ṅda thoib, Ml. 67d14 . tesorcain ar n-ainech, BDD² 436 . ar n-óic, TBFr. 380 . diar cur as ar sostaib fen, PH 749 . ar n-oide, DDána 3.1 .

(b) With vnn. as subjective gen.: lóg ar precepte, Wb. 14d38 . ar forcital dúib, 16a11 . ar mbuith fo mám, 21b5 . ar trachtad són our commentary, Ml. 25a4 . inar n-imscarad, Sc. M² 15 . re'r cathagad-ni on account of our fighting, TTebe 1977 . ar ar n-ordugad fēin, ML² 1092 . With other nouns in similar use: ar pecthi our sins (= the sins we commit), Wb. 26c11 . ni fóar máam ataid you are not in subjection to us, 9a1 . ar ar comoicsi do bás we are so near to death, 14b25 .

(c) As objective gen.: nisí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . iár nar netargnu dúib, 15a1 . diar niráil furibsi `to commend ourselves to you', 18a18 . comarde ar taidchrecce et ar nícce, 21a6 . ar tuasulcud ni á toiri, Ml. 105d10 . dogabmait-ne ar césad, PH 2888 . ar cur ar n-áir after slaughtering us, TTebe 1005 . chum ar nglanta to cleanse us, Donl. 208.3 . Similarly: cid less ar mbéo et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus, siue morimur, Wb. 6b20 .

(d) In compd. prepp. ar ar ciunni, Wb. 25a33 . i n-ar ṅdegaid. PH 2731 . ar ṅdochum towards us, TBFr. 171 . innar leid with us, Wb. 4b11 . atobsegatsi ar timchell ni `who go to you behind our backs', 14d37 . inar n-adhaigh against us, St. Ercuil 2121 .

(e) With dat. of apposition: ar preceptorib geinte `we teachers of the Gentiles', Wb. 19a3 . ar nóis rechto, 31d1 . ar ndiis, 32a28 . regma-ni ar trichait cet fo gin claidib, TBC 2971 v.l. With prep.: i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 .

(f) Replacing O. Ir. inf. pron. 1 pl. see , and cf. ar a-dear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 89.13 , ar nd'fhearaibh = d'fhearaibh sinn (with copula), 11 .

6 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 ar or dil.ie/3907

x = in ro see 2 in.

7 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 ar or dil.ie/3908

x see íar.

8 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 8 ar or dil.ie/3909

x see 1 for.

9 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 9 ar or dil.ie/3910

inf. pron. see .

ar-aicci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-aicci or dil.ie/3947

Forms: aircsiu

v (*ar-ad-cí) (a) observes, witnesses: nech aridaccai `any one who witnesses it', Cáin Ad. 35 . fer tailge a ceathra a nathbothar a ceile no ar-do-aice and, Laws v 464.7 (`the man who lets his cattle into the winter grass of his neighbour or who observes them there', Ériu ix 113 ). tigradus cach sellaig (sic leg.) ar-aice midenum .i. intan atcí nech mil oc dul i nocus do chuithe, O'C. 328 (H 3.18, 180b) ( ZCP xv 344 ). ardosfaicce (atchi v.l.) ri O. . . . iar ndenam a n- aittreib `the king of O. observed them . . . after they had built their dwellings', Y Cymmrodor xiv 114 § 14 . Achall araicci (sic leg., Corr.) Temair which confronts T., Met. Dinds. i 46.1 , 20 (cf. conid i nAchaill ar Themair ro boí, LU 4378 ). Cf. for-aicci.

Vn. aircsiu.

ar-aíde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-aíde or dil.ie/3950

x see 3 aí.

ar-áili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-áili or dil.ie/3954

Forms: eráil

v early form of eráilid. Us. depon. in pret. and perf. See ZCP xxii 135 - 137 and Ped. ii 676 .

(a) enjoins, urges an action etc. on (for) a person: nech fodordai . . . ┐ aridaile for nach n-aili `anyone who murmurs . . . and who prompts another to do so', Ériu vii 162 § 7 . issed chetarráli diabul for Adam `it was this sin . . . that the Devil first prompted in Adam', 164.5 . conéráli debuid forsna hanchraidi `so that it causes strife [even] among anchorites', 164 § 11. inti arali mesca `he who causes his tipsiness', 146.z.

(b) induces, causes, brings about: ba hé aridralastar `he it was that had arranged(?) it', Thes. ii 318.3 . in Satan aridralastar (arítralastar, MS) insin dot astad etir tuaid `who has arranged(?) that', Ériu ii 222.6 (cf. iii 207). demmun aridralistar sin, Mon. Tall. 153.27 (§ 66) . ised a[ri]drali (sic leg., Ped. ii 676 ) `has caused it', Mon. Tall. 149.8 (§ 59) . cía cruth aralad sin, Trip. 28.21 . cía cruth arrálad a thabairt ass, TBFr. 328 . níba meth n-einig dúnn . . . tucht arandál- farsa the way I shall manage it, 193 . ara ralastair mo ri `my king prepared it' (of miracle of loaves and fishes), Blathm. 131 . ba millsiu cach biud fo mil / araralad mac Usnig, IT i 78.16 `sweeter was . . . what the son of U. had contrived', Hull (Lg.2, see note). dia glēodh dūs . . . cia ro-s-aralta `how they were arranged(?)', Ériu viii 156.22 . Eogan . . . ro rīgad / ūaig ar rálad ri ré da fichet būan blīadan perfectly has it been settled for a period of forty years(?), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 2 . Cētain Find feb ro fīrad / cētaīn Cūscraid arrāllad (`who was slain'), Jn. Celt. Stud. i 84 § 15 . ? pass. sg. or depon. 2 s. (see St. fr. Táin and ZCP xxii 135 - 137 ) ni maith arrailter (airrailter, LU) in macroth (macrad LU), TBC² 401 ( LU 4889 ). ? tossach miarli malartcha árrali maith mesrugud moderation effects good(?), LL 345b 38 = araile maith mesrugud, Anecd. iii 16 n.11 . adroāirle hūë Bricc būaidriss has caused confusion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 8 . Note also: ni maith far-arlith in cath. TBC 2760 = nofichid, TBC² 2059 .

Vn. eráil.

ar-ba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-ba or dil.ie/3968

x see at-bail(l).

? ar-báidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-báidi or dil.ie/3970

v (báidid): atāt a deich ara-bādat (arabaithed arabáad v.ll.) goí cach flaitheman ten things which submerge falsehood, ZCP xi 97.1 . Vn. airbádud.

ar-báigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-báigi or dil.ie/3971

Forms: airbág

v (báigid)

(a) fights, contends: is airiund arbáget it is for us they fight, TBC² 170 ( LU 4632 ). acht in rí mac Nessa / arbáge ar Mac Maire who fights for the Son of Mary(?), LU 9464 . arbaighither sealb sédaibh, O'C. 379 (H 3.18, 214b) (`possession is contended for with seds', Plummer MS notes).

(b) boasts: ni irbágam ná dernam, Wb. 17b6 . lūrech arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth', Thes. ii 353.3 (Hy. vi) .i. erbagess .i. asa ndena baig, 36 . arbāgais . . . nothroistfed lais in cloich fria cend he threatened, TBC² 860 ( LU 5336 ). an cumang arbagaid-si `the power which ye boast', RC xii 82 § 81 . tri chét bliadan arbágim / raidim tri ríagla rímim, LL 540 . gonad cucom arbaigtir (bagthir, bagthar v.ll.) cech ndelb soer . . . etir iallaib ban so that every noble form is compared with me(?), ZCP iii 226 § 26 .

Vn. airbág.

ar-bath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-bath or dil.ie/3974

x see at-bail(l).

ar-beba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beba or dil.ie/3975

x see at-beb-.

ar-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beir or dil.ie/3976

Forms: air- beirid, arbeir, araber, -airbir, ar-id-beram, arberat, ar-berar, aramberar, arberr, -airberar, arbertar, airberedh, -arbered, -erbirmis, armbertis, arabertis, airbir, arambere, -erbara, -arbera, arambera, -airbera, araroibrea, aramberam, -arbaram, -airbirid, -arbarat, -arberat, armberthar, aramberthar, ar-bertar, arberainn, -airbertha, arberad, -airbertis, -airberthe, -airbéer, -erbæra, -erbera, -erberad, -airbértaís, araruburt, arbert, arrubert, -arbart, -erbart, -arbert, arrubartatar, -arrbartatar, erberdu, airbirthi, erbirthi, aurberta, airbert

v (air-ber-, Ped. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. air- beirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 . -airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl. arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar, 148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg. 33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered, RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis, Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb. 29a25 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 . 3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera, O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 . 1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl. -airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat, BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.), Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 . 3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 . Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .

Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 . -erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl. -airbértaís, LU 1224 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . ro erberius Ériu lv 15 . 3 s. arbert, LU 765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 . -arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg. 40b9 .

Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .

Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .

Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .

I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see Thurn. Gramm. 162 ).

(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl. ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that thou shouldst teach and live', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.² 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 . Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn air- bertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).

(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 . amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacom- racat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall. 146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors also ate from it, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav. 1092 .

(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml. 34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything he meets with, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob per- functoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisim- brecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from the psalms, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a religious that he enjoy his own will in any way, ZCP iii 29.3 . Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ? écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert- side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ). co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .

II

(a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?): tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak for his own good', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to bring a native freeman with them, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5 Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.

(b) a.¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach thee with it', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not oppose you, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.

(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns', Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 . arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asan- arbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i. a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio, 146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 . arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .

(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

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