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ar-neät

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-neät or dil.ie/4226
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arneutsa, araneutsa, arneat, -airnet, aranethem, arneithet, ar-domne[the]t, -urnaidet, araneter, -aurnaidter, -airnettar, aurnaidet, -ed, ardonethad, aranithead, arunnethitis, ara-neastur, araniastar, ara nestar, araneirnestar, -airnestar, arranethe, ar-ta-nesamar, bar-da-nessat, arutneithiussa, arrotneithius, arroneith, arrúneid, arruneastar, arrunethastar, arruneithset, airnaidid, airnaide

v (*air-ni-sed-. See Bergin, Ériu x 111 ; GOI p. 377 , 523 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 584 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arneutsa, Wb. 14a18 . araneutsa, 23b27 . 3 s. arneat, Críth G. 414 ; ZCP viii 196 § 20 . -airnet, O'Curry 426 (H 3.18, 232b). 1 pl. aranethem, Wb. 31c17 . 3 pl. arneithet, Ml. 39d25 . ar-domne[the]t, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . -urnaidet, Laws v 370.7 . Pass. sg. araneter, Ml. 42c23 . -aurnaidter, Laws i 266.2 . Pass. pl. -airnettar, Ml. 108c8 . Ipv. 3 s. aurnaidet (leg. -ed), Ériu xvi 37 § 2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. ardonethad, Laws iv 376.9 . aranithead, v 438.25 . 3 pl. arunnethitis, Thes. i 497.43 (Ardm.). Subj. pres. 3 s. ara-neastur, ZCP xiv 371.1 ( Laws ii 282 ). araniastar, O'Curry 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ): ara nestar, O'Curry 1999 (H 4.22, 29). Pass. sg. araneirnestar, Ml. 118d10 (see Études Celt. xl 78 ). -airnestar, O'Dav. 1047 . Subj. impf. 2 s. arranethe, Ml. 55a2 . Fut. 1 pl. ar-ta-nesamar, TBC-I¹ 3132 . 3 pl. bar-da-nessat, TBC-LL¹ 5844 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. arutneithiussa, Ml. 46d14 . arrotneithius sa, 46b20 . 3 s. arroneith, Ml. 50b8 . arrúneid, 68a6 . arruneastar, 50b8 (leg. arrunethastar(?), Thurn. ib. n.). 3 pl. arruneithset, Ml. 50b9 .

Later as simple vb. airnaidid.

Vn. airnaide. IGT Verbs § 83 .

In O. Ir. gl. expectare, sustinere.

(a) expects, awaits: iarsind indnidiu araneutsa gl. secundum expectationem et spem meam, Wb. 23b27 . trissa n-ínnaide araneter si ind aidchi gl. in expectationem desideriís, Ml. 42c23 . ararneutsa gl. exspecto enim illum cum fratribus, Wb. 14a18 . a lucht ernaiget na loighe naemhdha, BNnÉ 78 § 149 . ? nocornethdais do daingi (leg. dodaingi ?) they did not expect diffi- culties, Anecd. i 21.6 (perh. for: nocon-etais they did not experience, ZCP xxvii 57 ).

(b) waits for: arunnethitis gl. sustinebant nós ( Acts xx 5 ), Thes. i 497.43 (Ardm.). raairnaidit . . . séna signs were awaited, LL 219b7 ( TTr. 174 ). is letsu ragatsa ┐ ni irnaidiub C.C., LU 4015 ( SCC 46 ). artanesamar we will wait for them (the advancing enemies), TBC-I¹ 3132 . ardomneat anfuth uár / fri uarfarrci . . ., LU 3019 ( SG 235.27 ). andsa piana ardomthaat ┐ ardomne[the]t await me, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . With FRI: ní ro ernaid fri cách he did not wait for anyone, TFerbe 381 . in la frisi n-urnaigsium-ni do tabairt duin na mbuadh, CCath. 5047 . ma ro ernuigh in biuba re toichiud ndlighthi if the defendant has awaited process, Laws ii 72.1 Comm. nirernaigh fria a brogaib do gabail wasted no time, RC xlvi 229.26 .

(c) sustains, supports, upholds, assumes responsibility for: aurnaidet (leg. -ed) a mathair a mifolta `let his mother sustain (responsibility for) his misdeeds', Ériu xvi 37 § 2 . arneat corus i rraith a athar, Críth G. 414 `he sustains (i.e. assumes liability for) legal arrangements (made) under the warranty of his father', p. 35 . im-fuich cach curu(d) a comfocuis mad e ara-neastur a cintu if he assume responsibility for their offences, ZCP xiv 371.1 ( Laws ii 282 ). connaib ardaneithit i.e. with responsible people who assume responsibility for them, 379 § 43 (ib. 306 ). cēin ara-neastar cach cenn a folta cōra fria membru it hē a rīara cōra fil foraib as long as each head observes (einhält) his obligations towards his members, xv 331 § 23 . ni aile otrus ind fine nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib, BCrólige 16 . taisech cacha fine ar donethad feibh ┐ bescna, Laws iv 376.9 = aranithead feib ┐ bescna, v 438.25 . co aurnaidter (i.e. the distress) fri indrucus inableoguin how is it sustained with consideration for the surety-kinsman(?), Laws i 266.2 . slan ngill fir nad urnaidit ceart fri cach, v 178.5 .i. in fer na hurnaidhind ri cach ani dlegar de, 180.7 Comm. mad ferr urnaidheas mac na hadaltraighi in cin ┐ in foladh na mac na cetmuinntire, O'Curry 2246 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ).

(d) stops, stays, holds back: ernaighidh beccán da bhar saethar goléicc `stay a little from your labour now', BNnÉ 78 § 149 .