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aith-, ath-

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Forms: aith-, ath-

prep. prefix forming compounds with nouns, adjj. and verbs, leniting. For the O. Ir. forms see GOI § 824 . In later lang. aith- is usual before palatals, ath- before non-palatals. Before following dentals delenition took place (for the phonetics cf. GOI § 148 , IGT Introd. § 49 ), and the resulting consonant was voiceless even when the second element began with d- (the phonetic form is somet. obscured by etymological spellings). See aithtinól, aithTemair, ? attain, attochomlad, attoga, attoísech, attráchtad; aitdelb, aitdénam, aithdliged, aitdebaid, attá(i)l, atdánaigthe, etc. With verbs and verbal nouns corresponds in sense to Latin re-, with nouns second, a further, with nouns indicating persons ex- (as in aithrí deposed king), worn out, degenerate. Freq. with merely intensive force.

ath-

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x see aith-.

? ath

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n [tir] cen conn .i. cen a.¤ , O'Dav. 468 .

1 áth

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n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle or single combat): á.¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh, ut est, eislind gach á.¤ , O'Curry 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r] ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á.¤ ara cind, MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á.¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐ forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex. 993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á.¤ abha ní haighbhéile, Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Joshua ii 7 . Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á.¤ nā anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há.¤ iondula, DDána 100.30 . á.¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair, Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach bhfuil á.¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation(?)', p. 244 .

In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?), TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á.¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co n-érrmadair á.¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025 (cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC-I¹ 3146 . á.¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .

In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á.¤ ar finds a way to overcome; finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth éigin tar a holc / á.¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á.¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a way to overcome their malice (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á.¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 . Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 . dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through softness of heart the fords were forced against me', Ériu ix 4.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).

Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

2 áth

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Last Revised: 2013

n poisonous plant; water-dropwort (?), EIF 310 : ath i fothlachd, CIH vi 2230.3 , cf. 2116.4 . ath i fothracht, Corm. Y 87.21 (§ 1018) . See also áth aba.

áth aba

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Last Revised: 2013

n (2 áth + ? 1 ab EIF 184 n. 10 , 310 n. 285 , EIS 211 ) m. hellebore, deadly night-shade; water-dropwort; hemlock: eliborus nigher .i. in t-athaba dubh, RC ix 231 fo. 30a . athabæ quasi bath .i. bās, Corm. Y 63 . athaba i fothlacht hellebore among esculent plants(?), Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 s.v. orc treith = ath[aba] i fothracht, Corm. Y 1018 . amal aithaba isin fochlucht, Ériu xi 48.21 . doromailt . . . etir na lubid árchena ind athaba, RC ii 390 § 18 . hirchoitigi ┐ néimnechu oltás áthaba, Alex. 658 . crim muicce fíada ar áth n-aba 'hart’s tongue mixed with hemlock' EIS 142 § 25 . Also tathaba: duilleog in tathaba, sug in tathaba, O'Gr. Cat. 181.10 , 20 . amail is adheitge in athghaba (sic) a mesc an fothlachta, O'Curry 2479 ( Eg. 88, 39(40)a ) = an tathabha, 1586 ( 23 Q 6, 1 a ).

ath-blaissi

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v (blaisid) retastes: is tre fír flathemon mesrada móra at manna milsi blaissetar, ZCP xi 89 § 13 = ath-manna millsi mlaissiter, 81 § 16.