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badb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. badb or dil.ie/5114
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Badb, baidhbh, bodb, Badbchadh

n ā, f. Note also a s. Badb , LL 6939. n p. baidhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. Earlier bodb. Name of a war-goddess; hooded crow; scald-crow (in which form the goddess appeared). See RC i 32 ff. , Études Celt. viii 407 f . and Heldensage p. 63 . Represented as stirring up conflict, foretelling slaughter and rejoicing over the slain; in translation literature usually equated with the Furies. Machae .i. b.¤ nō asī an tres morrīgan, O'Mulc. 813. Nemain Danand B.¤ is Macha/Morrígu . . ./ bantuathecha Tuathe De Danand, LL 16541. cu cuala ní in boidb dinib collaib, LU 4937. ind Neamain (.i. in B.), TBC-LL¹ 2444. atcithea in b.¤ catha gach n-aidhchi (= Erinnys), CCath. 902. an b.¤ . . . .i. Tisipone, TTebe 4313 . cru fechto .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 308. Cf. O'Dav. 375. teathra .i. badhb, no feanóg, O'Cl. badhbh, fíach garbh, préachan ingneach, Eg. Gl. 59. ? cro tria rinne bodhbh mos linge, AFM i 302.x . co ṅgés b.¤ dia burd dia blai (of a shield), LL 18398. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha co tech m'athar (because bringing tidings of slaughter ?), TTebe 1899 . loch na baidbe (also referred to as a `péist'), BNnÉ 135. 15 .

Of leucistic ravens : atractatar badba bána béllethna osa cennaib, LL iv 32510 . grēchfaitit badba bānæ, BDC 124 .314 .

Of humans, with negative connotations: Imdai na mBadb. Atconnarc triar nocht hi cléthi, LU 7653 . do éirgitar teóra hingena … .i. trí badhba … ┐ trí hamaidi, Comp. CC 80 § 12 . a bhaidhbh! 'thou witch!', Atlantis iv 120.28 (of Aoife).

Of humans, with positive connotations: borb do bhualadh, a bhadhbh Cabha 'harsh your smiting, O scald-crow of Cabha', Giolla Brighde 116 § 31 . a bhadhbh Chruachan, DDána 84.3 (of a chief). ar ógbhaidhbh eich `young raven-like steed', Magauran 1252 . badhbh bionnchuain Bhreagh 'the warrior of the sweet shore of Breagha', Celtica xxvi 97 § 4 . níor shaor badhbh airmghéar Uisnigh | saighnéan na n-arm n-éachtaigh sin 'the flash of those deadly weapons did not save the sharp-weaponed hero of Uisneach', Celtica xxvi 101 § 27 .

Attrib. g s. in sense deadly, fatal, dangerous, ill-fated: badhba .i. túath, Ériu xiii 75 § 196. badhb .i. túath thire, O'Cl. crothsait cress ṁbodbae `ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.24 . in t-indellchró bodba fer talman, LU 6410. na bairendlecca bodba (of stones used as missiles), TBC-LL¹ 4662. briathra baidhbhe . . . ┐ tuath-bhan-glór (i.e. words of ill-omen), MR 294.21 . ní mar bu baidhbi (i.e. dying kine), Leb. Cert. 46.9 .

Compds. Forming nn. pr. Badbchadh, MacCarthy 184 n. Bodbgal mc. Fergale, Ann. Inisf. A.D. 752 . In other compds. usually with meaning deadly, warlike, venomous: lucht onad buidi badbfiach, Rawl. 77a22 . in badblaech Berngal, LL 2365. do-chúatar huile i mbadbraind 'they all became the portion of crows', SR (Greene) 5400 . badbrí Cuicidh hErend huili, Auraic. 5167. Bruchst. i 7 § 7. badbruat[h]ar calma, Aen. 2855. oc toibeim for Láegairi don badbscel ro innis (false) tale of slaughter, LU 8939 (H, FB 70 ).

With adj. in bennfhata badbluath cetlong in betha .i. Argo, TTebe 1941 .

With adj. derived from noun: mna buaidirthi badbchaeintecha . . . na nGrec, TTebe 4777 . See also s.v. badbda.