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bard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bard or dil.ie/5404
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 96 (130.5) . See Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . poet or rhymester inferior in qualifications and status to the `fili' (q.v.). See G. Murphy, Bards and Filidh, Éigse ii 200 ff. There were sixteen subdivisions among the `baird': cis lir baird (bairdni, v.l.) docuissin? Nī: a se deac .i. ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.4 . citne a namnand na soerb.¤ ? Nī: rigb.¤ ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ sruth di aill ┐ tigernb. ┐ admall ┐ tuathb. ┐ bób. ┐ b.¤ áne. ┐ in tochtmad b.¤, ni fil dan lais, acht a ngradhaibh a thuistige dorenar, 8 ff. (cf. ACL i 160.15 ff. and Ériu xiii 42.13 ff. ). it é anmand na ndóerb. .i. culb. ┐ srutb. ┐ b.¤ lorge ┐ drisiuc ┐ cromluatha ┐ sirti ui ┐ rindaid ┐ longbh.¤ (lorgb.¤, v.l.), x - z 0 . na soerbaird dano, cid nos deocraigethar i ngradaib ? Nī: asa ṅdanaib forberat ┐ deocruigid. Amal forber cach grad filed sec alaili i sóus ┐ aircetail, is amlaid forber cach ái dib sem sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu ┐ remend ┐ rl., 6 § 3 . gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh ina i ndeachuibh dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais ┐ aignedh though the bards are not bound to have a knowledge of letters and syllables they must be able to distinguish and recognise correct consonance by ear and by thought (?), Ériu xiii 44.1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird dona barduib seo doruirmisium ? . . . dos rónat ollamain (leg. ollbairdne ?) uli, acht namá it dechnada uile ┐ sétnada a ruidles. Ansruth bairdne dano, is ollbairdne et cach ní doroich ollbairdne a ruidles. Tigernb. dano, is duan ┐ forduan a ruidles . . . what is the allotted metre of each of the bards whom we have mentioned ? IT iii 22 § 67. bairdne na ndaorb. na sechither dlighedh, bid focla maithe ann ┐ comhraca séghdha; araill nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.15 . is aon ann dobheir daoine doibh (sc. na daorbaird) . . . (┐) (sic leg. ?) a mbeith gan tothchusa their being without qualifications, 17 . cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh . . . amhail roghabh rithim arradh mettuir, as amhlaidh atáid na báird cona mbairdne arradh (no i ffarradh) na ffiledh as rhythm is to metre so are the baird to the filid, 42.4 - 6 . b., dno, cin dliged fegluime (sic) acht indtleacht fadeisin (i.e. they were dependent on intuition rather than training), Laws iv 360.10 . is aire na rotcet som (sc. na soerbaird) acht lethenecland na filed, fobith na frithgnat because they do not study (?) (cf. frithgnam, IT iii 6 § 3 (`they do not give reciprocal service (?)', s.v. fris-gní). ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne the status of every bard as against that of the Féni grades, Ériu xiii 43.6 . See also boim(m), ? 2 búaignech, 2 lorg, scían.

As exponent of satire: aer o b.¤ , Laws v 228. 28 . techta fuillema gill cacha fir rinnas . . . otha tigernbardd co ruicce driscona, 388.5 . is cu ar amaindsi na saerbaird uili, 16 Comm. cacha mna rindas .i. in ban-b.¤ , 7 Comm. aurcuillte ratha .i. b.¤ ┐ lethcerd ┐ cáinti, i 86.1 Comm. Cf. v 226.36 Comm.

In less technical contexts: seanchas righ Teamhrach / ní fhidir cach bárd bélghach / ní dír báird acht dír fileadh / fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182. 15 - 18 . dichlannaigfitir filid .i. conna biat filid acht baird nammá, LL 24831. popul dianadh ainm Bardi . . . lángnáthaighitis filidhecht ┐ duana molta do dénam. Is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722. mé gan fiú an bhaird do bhuidhin, DDána 46.29 . na báird, na gláimhe is na geocaigh, Keat. Poems 178.

Compds. Brian co mbardlí uas barr Breg. / ardlí Gall ┐ Gaedel bard-sung splendour, LL 15966. bārc bardlōgh gan ordal / oghdar dían ardrōn airdnem (of Colum Cille), ZCP x 340.6 .