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C

Cite this: eDIL s.v. C or dil.ie/7490

Forms: c

the third letter of the Irish alphabet, and in the Ogam alphabet the fourth letter in the second or h-group, see Auraic. 1182 , IGT Introd. § 4. Irish name coll hazel , q.v.

As regards doubling, phonetic value (presence and absence of voice), lenition and nasalization parallel with t, q.v.

For confusion of lenited ch with th see t. Lenited ch also alternates with lenited g, especially in final position, Thurn. Gramm. 78 , 83 .

On the group -cht, which normally resists palatalization, see Thurn. Gramm. 76 , 89 , 101 , 135 , 224 and Ériu xii 231 - 2 .

Ir. c originates in IE *k, *kw (Ogham Q), *g (before t, ṡ), Thurn. Gramm. 92 , 114 ; *p (before t), 139 ; *nk, 126 ; in Lat. c, qu, Ped. i 227 , 230 ; and in W. c, Ped. i 23.

In composition voiceless c is found in trócar < tróg + car, frecor < *fret + cor, beiceann < beag + ceann, maiceal < mac + geal, etc., see Thurn. Gramm. 86 - 7 , IGT Introd. §§ 25 , 46 , 48 , 103 (see Éigse iii 66 ); voiced c in tecnate < teg + gnáth + de, frecre < *fret-gaire, ac(c)aldam < *ad-gládam, ecal < *eks + gal.