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cairdes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairdes or dil.ie/7893

 

n u and o, m. (1 cara)

(a) friendship : adsluindmeit ar cardes fris, Thes. ii 301.25 ( Hy. i 15 gl .). is desin robui cairdius in micc Oig ┐ A., RC iii 347.2 . luid . . . do athchor a chairdessa for C., LU 6017 (TBC) `to renounce his friendship with', Faraday (71 . Or in sense (b) ?). ón ch.¤-sin bói di-a athair fri H., PH 6955 . ata mo ch.¤ risna deib, TTebe 1778 . tré dul a c.¤ a nāmad, ML² 193 . mar chairdeas táinig ó a thoigh `in friendship', Dán Dé xxi 13 . ní cáir ceangal a chairdeis, Celtica iv 113 § 9 . an righan do pósais ara gradh ┐ ara c.¤ ┐ ara deghdeilbh, Stair Erc. 2458 .

In sexual sense love, cohabitation etc. , see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 113 . atchobhair in Dagda ben Ealcmair do ch.¤ collaidhe, ZCP v 523.12 . cardes mo [ṡ]liasta-sa fessin, TBC-LL¹ 97 . do ingin E. ropáil M. F. na carddes, LL 271b32 ( Fing. R. 37 ). mór mban foúarais cardes, 255a39 . mad poc tolchar co lan-chartius feli = cum plena membrorum conexione, Ériu vii 144 § 28 . mna . . . cairdeasa `lemans', AFM ii 1100.24 .

(b) alliance, covenant, pact : dogníat c.¤ ┐ tíagait la Ingcel co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 23 ). rogniset c.¤ etarru = foedus, Lat. Lives 22 . ? benfat sa mo chardes immole frib, Rawl. 70b3 . c.¤ nó dluthad gl. pactum, Gild. Lor. 61 . caradradh do cholna .i. c.¤ cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 (see 1 cích). caidhe do greim damh abhus / do chairdis, do chomḟogus, ZCP vii 302.5 . iornaidhm a chairdesa fris, Hugh Roe² 96.17 .

(c) (blood) relationship, (family) relationship; kinship : cain cairdesa .i. in corusa fine law of (family?) relationship (or of military alliance?), Laws v 364.8 . ní faicsiu ar cairdeas do, Anecd. i 2.8 `our kinship with him is not nearer', SCano 24n. Cf. Ériu iv 176.19 . do-m-araill c.¤ fodi / do síl F.G., Lib. Hymn. 17.7 . ? ro ḟaemsat bith cnes ri cnes / ciar chloensat in carddes, LL 17409 . mar ro chummad a c.¤ , Ériu xvi 160 § 2 . a cuisib cairdiusa, MR 116.17 . cairdis mac Caim . . . do chlainn Chāin, ZCP iv 236.18 .

Note further: tánic B. . . . / . . . cosin cairdeas `to the love-tryst', Metr. Dinds. iii 36.26 . ? marbthair Trustiu i Trustin tes / mesti din chaem a cairddes, LL 20048 .

(d) In phr. c.¤ Críst sponsorship : nach diongnaid cáirdes Crīost lé . . . `that they be not God-Mothers unto', RSClára 24b . Associated in annals with the binding of pacts: B. R. h. Briain . . . do gabail i mebail do mac Iarla Chlair, iar ndenam cardisa Crist doib ┐ iar cur a fola a n-oensoithech ┐ iar tabairt mind Muman ┐ clocc ┐ bachall da cheli doib, Ann. Conn. 1277.2 = iar ndenamh cairdis criost re raile doibh, AFM iii 426.14 (i.e. after one of them had been sponsor to the other's child in baptism, O'Don.). co ná haincedh ceall na dún na c.¤ Criost na comluighe `gossipred', ii 858.3 .

Hence of persons gossip, sponsor : ar slanaib maithi Gall ┐ D. C. h. Briain a cairdiusae Crist, Ann. Conn. 1225.16 = AFM iii 228.6 . as lor dhiobh (sic) na cairdeasa Criosd do thabhairt fhreagra . . . ar a son, Luc. Fid. 1935 . do bheth . . . na ccáirdesa críosd ag . . . , RSClára 106b . don bhaisdeadh . . . ┐ do na cairdiosaibh Crīosd, Parrth. Anma 2791 . da chardis Crist, Ann. Conn. 1236.3 . a altronna ┐ a chairdissidhe Criost, ALC ii 240.6 . da cliamuin ┐ da c.¤ Crist, RC xviii 157.6 ( Keat. iii 4862 ). ge ro bhaoi na cairdeas Críost ag an iustis, AFM iii 284.6 .

Hence c. gossipred, sponsorship : iar ndligud chardessa, RC xxv 248.1 . mat (leg. nach) beidíd síad fam c.¤ `under my gossipred', BCC 290.13 .

Compd. naomh fa cáirdes-bocc cumann, BNnÉ 283.24 .