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cengal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengal or dil.ie/8609
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ceangal

n o (Lat. cingulum). m., IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) bond, tie, binding, fetter, fastening , etc.: c.¤ gl. junctura, Ir. Gl. 149 . gl. compilacio, 911 . nosbeir i n-oen-cheṅgul lé iat co hUltu, LL 2549 . ar n-ergi do A. . . . asa ch.¤ , TTebe 2570 . imrulae Críst fessin asin chengul foríata immbái la hIudaide `captivity', Ériu ii 200.9 . na cnaip, ┐ c.¤ , Cog. 194.12 . itir a chneas ┐ a cheangal catha, MR 286.11 . crios ┐ ceangal, TSh. 10403 `girdle', Gloss. i cenglaib a cuirp in the ligatures of his body, CCath. 3984 . an tan . . . druidius re ceangal na leisi the joint of the hip(?), 23 K 44, 77.11 . da ccenglaibh = compages (of boats), BNnÉ 52 § 44 . noum testamentum, go cc.¤, airgid bound in silver, Mart. Don. xl 20 . idh lúptha um c.¤ céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959 . c.¤ na [m]búidel the band of the flasks, Fier. 48 .

Med. constipation : inti ara mbí cengul ann tobuir clister dó, Rosa Angl. 34.19 . ró ch.¤ costiveness, O'Gr. Cat. 198.z . Of blood : o mnai ga roibhi tochd fola mista re .x. misaibh ar linadh an cuirp go huilide mailli re ceangal na fola, Irish Texts v 16.22 .

Of the last verse or `envoi' of a poem: ceangal, Aithd. D. 98.27 . Keat. Poems p. 22 . O'Rah. 10.68 .

Fig. bond, lien, contract etc.: cen c.¤ flatha uirre (ráith) `the chief having no lien upon him', Laws v 499.26 Comm. ar ní dligh righ Teamrach agra na ceangul forru, BB 249b18 ( Cóir Anm. 144 ). an diabhal lé ndérna ceangal a n-aimsir an pheacuidh, Mac Aingil 356 . c.¤ nā cunnradh, RSClára 66a . ceangal doéilighthi ┐ deismeireachd iomdha . . . orra sin a secure grasp (of metrical rules), IGT Introd. § 2 . eachd, ceangal, aonta, Eg. Gl. 259 .

(b) As vn. act of binding, tying, fixing, contracting : merdrech . . . .i. mer ┐ drech iarna c.¤ joined together (in a compound), Corm. 29.8 . co ruc S. lais L. iar n-a cheṅgul in fetters, LL 21191 ( Dinds. 155 ). a chosa ┐ a lámha do ch.¤ don chroich le tairngeadhaibh, Parrth. Anma 1440 . cloch ar na c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 268 (cf. cloch chengail below). ag ceangal cairdis is ṡídh, Content. xiii 30 . a sidh do cengul re Gyi, ZCP vi 77.24 . robhadar ag ceangal na cómhronna an aidhche sin confirming the division, ML 68.3 . ro mothaig co mor Gaill oca c.¤ dochum becnerta restricting his power, Ann. Conn. 1310.7 . Without obj. gen. (or leg. i c.¤ ?): tusa a Dhé ag ceangal don chroich `hanging on the cross', PBocht 24.19 . druim na baise / do bhí ag ceangal do chlár bhrioc, Dán Dé iii 20 . o nach a[g] ceangal do M[hoir] a-ta since (the name S.) is not closely connected (grammatically etc.) with M., Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.37 . Cf. gai . . . hi cengul dá chréit cróncharpait, LU 10228 . i c.¤ ua na taisib tied around. Fen. 110.6 .

Attrib. g s.: nach béidh fear 'gā mhnaoi cheangail / . . . gan búai[dh]readh his wedded wife, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . Luimnech na cloch cengail of the riveted stones, Caithr. CC 10 (5.15) . ? pípaí, fidli, fir cengail `gleemen', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.257 (cf. Manners and Customs i dxl and Gloss.). giobuil cheangail swaddling clothes, Luke ii 7 . ? tighe ceanguil na gcompán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .