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cethramthu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethramthu or dil.ie/8929

Forms: cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama, cethruman, cethraimhe

n n, f. (cethramad). Later cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama (somet. uninfl.). cethratta, Críth G. 127 v.l. cethruman, Laws ii 398.18 . cethramha, IGT Decl. § 9 . cethraimhe (with optional dental infl. in pl.), § 3 . quarter, fourth part .

(a) teora huara cecha cethramthan di gl. quatuor partes noctis, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare gl. dodrante, BCr. 25c1 . ind lethbargin ┐ ind cethramtu, Mon. Tall. 151.z . a tri a ceathramthu (of number 12), Auraic. 1448 = cethraime, 3059 . cethrumthu bairgine, Anecd. i 7.24 ( SCano 224 ). in tan rancutar cethrumthi in t-srotha when they were a quarter of the way across, Alex. 679 . maille cethramhuin úaire, RSClára 82a . cethraime fer n-Erenn, RC xvii 416.18 (Tig.). teora cethraimthi fer n-Erenn, xii 426 § 10 . don cethraimthi, § 12 . teora cethramthana (n p.), LL 2027 . nisfuicfe achtmad cethramthain, LB 242b85 ( MS. Mat. 633 ). in c.¤ thérna d'ḟeraib rige [hE.], LL 2034 . ceatrame do dhainibh, BB 37b15 .

(b) Freq. in legal contexts of portions of penalties, produce, etc.: lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 258.z . sellach dosli cethramthain feich, 242.3 . ailid cethramthain a thoraid, iv 194.3 . teora cethramna, v 320.22 . t[ri] colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraimhe worth (liable for?) one fourth, Ériu xiii 45.13 . cethruimthi ratha, Laws iii 328.16 Comm.

(c) Of the quartered human body: roptís do renga rigthi ┐ do chetramain scaílte ricfaitís úaim dochom in dúnaid your torn limbs, LU 5660 ( TBC-I¹ 1183 ). na n-ágib minta ┐ na cethramthanaib fodalta, TBC-LL¹ 2979 . dorónadh cethramhna comhroinnte díobh they were quartered, AFM v 1676.12 . Note also: do bhúail mé ar mo cheathramhuin = thigh, Jeremiah xxxi 19 . tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 .

(d) Of animals: cethraime na muici no da cois na muici fo braghait, Sc.M² 18 R . ní bha bruithi . . . in mucc co indistar fir cacha ceatramhan dí, BB 262b5 . ceathramha deiridh . . . an ceathramha deiridh eile . . . ceathramha cind . . . in ceathramha eile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 553 . an madra agá mbíonn saoid sáighte 'na cheathramhuin, Párl. na mB. 1787 .

(e) part; district, quarter ; name of a measure of land (see Stud. Celt. i 15 , Manners and Customs i 153 ): isin ceathromain deisceartaig don tig, Ériu v 232.5 . c.¤ Tighi Midchuarta, YBL 419ax . an chethraimhe fa nesa di don chathraigh, AFM vi 2012.18 . dá cheathramhuin féin = to his quarter, Isaiah xlvii 15 . deich mba cacha cethraman, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.104 `quarter of land', Gloss. go ceathramhain Bhaile Bhiataigh, ML 110.2 . See Hog. Onom. Note also: do fhaguibh a mhuinntir ar chethramh san bhaile sin `left his men quartered in that town', Rel. Celt. ii 204.35 . gan cethramh do thabhairt do dhuine ar bioth to spare no one, 194.31 .

(f) As measure of quantity, weight, etc.: deich fichit leathuṅga . . . ┐ deich fichit cethramthan, TBC-I¹ 2231 . ceath- ruma co leit do siucra, Rosa Angl. 312.x . cethramthi n-ōil o cach aithech, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 .

(g) Metr. fourth part of a quatrain, line (see IT iii 128 ): for deriud na cetramthan tusighe, 26.24 . ín ceathramtana mor m̅c Adhumnain so sis, 92 § 139 (see p. 159). sé sillæba ina cethramnaib (of the metre rinnaird), Fél.² vii 11 . amail is cuibhdi comfada a ceathramuna, IGT Metr. Faults § 13 .

(h) In Laws appar. period of four days (cf. cethramad ?): a dligid for cethraimthain, Laws i 144.25 .i. ceithri laithe aicenta, 146.22 Comm. i forba na tri cethraman `the thrice four days', 148.14 Comm. apadh teora cethruimthe, 80.z Comm. dithim cethraman `a delay in pound of four days', 148.y Comm. dia cethraime `on the fourth day', z Comm. Cf. use of cuiced at Laws v 408.3