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columa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. columa or dil.ie/10548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: colum, colamain, columan, colún, cholumasin, colamu, colomain, columna, colamain, cholomain, columu, colamhuin, columan, columain, colún, colamain, cholomain, cholūin, cholaman, columna, colamna, colamain, collamhuin, Coloman, colomna, columna, coloman, columan, columa, colomnaib, colamhnaibh, cCollamhnach

n n, f. Later also m. colum, Fél. 66.11 . Later colamain, columan, colún m. (Lat. columna? columen?). n s. conid hi in cholumasin . . . , LB 158a50 . colamu, a39 . colamhuin dhaingion, Mac Aingil 5340 . a s. colomain móir, LU 1923 (ICM). g s. na columna medonchi, PH 6356 . d s. 'na colamain coimhdirigh, CCath. 4201 . n du. dí cholomain , LL 3133 . As m. n s. columu tenntide, Three Hom. 66.3 . an colamhuin , Parrth. Anma 5580 . a s. in columan , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . columain mór, § 121 . colún, Stair Erc. 2158 . g s. an colamain , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . in cholomain , Fl. Earls 134.18 . in cholūin , 216.25 . d s. annsa cholaman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . n p. columna, Fianaig. 88.16 . colamna, Corm. Y 322 . colamain, O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). collamhuin, CRR² 29 (86.6) . Coloman, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . a p. colomna, TBC-I¹ 3135 . columna, PH 4125 . g p. coloman, Fianaig. 78.5 . columan, CCath. 4776 . columa , Alex. 578 . d p. colomnaib, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). colamhnaibh, RC xliii 16 § 9 . Note also g p. na cCollamhnach , CRR² 19 .

(a) column, pillar, prop : atracht c.¤ tenntide dia cind (columna ignis), Lat. Lives 71.y . na colomna cloch filet i ndorsib na rígráth, MU² 379 . ic columhain criadh ná a liubhur annálta `column of clay', CCath. 1612 . a cliath do torrachtain ar treise, a comobair ar cuicthe, a colamain ar dechmaidh `the uprights of a hurdle(?)' (Plummer MS notes), O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). c.¤ roard . . . ┐ nocho chuirend foscud uaithi i llo in griantairisme ṡámruta, ZCP xvii 229.24 . cethir chét c.¤ . . . oc a fulang (of a house), Alex. 578 . c.¤ niúil i llou ┐ c.¤ tenntigi i n-oidche, PH 1714 - 15 . sé fan gcrois 'n-a cholamhuin (of the upright of the Cross), DDána 23.16 . colamhain, a colony (leg. column), a pillar, Eg. Gl. 144 . In n.loc, of the Pillars of Hercules : o rían Deprofane an-air | síar [co] colomnaib Herccail 'from the sea of Taprebane westwards to the Pillars of Hercules', SR (Greene) 2643 . co hIndsi Orcc ┐ co Colomna Hercoil, TBC-I² 3583 .

Fig. (b) Of warriors, champion, defender, support , particularly in term colomain na Temrach (see Knott, Ériu xiv 144 ff.): na deich cēt . . . curad . . . ro bātar columna na Temrach, Fianaig. 88.16 . do Cholomnaib na Temrach, LL 19535 . co colomnaib Crohinni, 29164 . collamhuin congmhála ┐ laoich goile, CRR² 29 . Ui Flannghaile ┐ O Tarpaigh, Coloman na Sgríne, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . lucht mar cholumhna Chláir Bhreagh (of the crew of the Argo), DDána 107.35 . As territorial designation: bodhith do thiachtain a seacht colamhnaibh ┐ i primhphortaibh na Temhrach, RC xliii 16 § 9 .

(c) More generally, supporter, upholder : saoglonn .i. brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna, ut dicitur: Saoglonn brithemh, buan a blad, / saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, / saoglonn cech rī fora dū, / ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 . saeghlonn .i. seanoir no colomna, O'Dav. 1424 . colomnaib .i. ollum, ut est, . . . columan breithem, buan a blad, O'Curry 569 (H. 3.18, 284). colamhuin dhaingion dhoibhrisdi na fírinde (of the Church), Mac Aingil 5340 . colamhain ┐ firminte na fírinne ( 1 Timothy iii 15 ), TSh. 3269 . seise suadh colamhain cliar the support of the learned, Ó Bruad. iii 54.1 . colamain na heglaisi mar tá Ambrós Augustín . . . , Ó Héodhusa 41.1 .

(d) Of divisions of time: colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht ┐ macdacht, gillacht ┐ ōglachass . . . , Corm. Y 322 . os tussu a mmo sruith can dollod. Ni handsa. Iar colomnaib aíse .i. iar colomnaib sé áes in duni, LL 24333 - 4 ( RC xxvi 18.32 ).