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Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílmain or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: dílmainiu, dílmain

adj i (dí + loman leash, O'Rahilly, SGS ii 17 ff . q.v.).

The primary meaning appears to be free from restraint (?), without attachment ; hence

(a) applied to actions, that which is free, permissbile, without hindrance or penalty , and

(b) of agent or instrument free (to act), unhampered . The connexion is shown in Wb. 14a24 where d.¤ glosses vacuum in veniet cum ei vacuum fuerit = when it will be free to him to do so = in tan bus d.¤ dó; and BCr. 32c3 where indilmainiu = expeditius (aliis aptius multo et expeditius videtur ut computatio . . . incipiat).

(a) is diliu lem aní as torbae oldaas aní as d.¤ (= omnia licent sed non omnia expediunt), Wb. 11b17 . is d.¤ la cách ar n-orcunni everyone thinks himself free to slay us, 4b23 . dilmuin cach anfot, Laws ii 25 . is d.¤ (gl. licet), Sg. 210b3 ; 163b4 (dílmin). is d.¤ dom it is free to me (to), I am at liberty (to . . .), it is lawful for me, I may with impunity: ba nd.¤ dossom airbert biuth do thorud a precepte , Wb. 10d14 . ba ndilmain do, Études Celt. xl 67 ( Ml. 54c18 ). RC ii 392 . Trip. 208 . BB 239b33 . 3 B 23, 81b . Anecd. iii 23 . Laws ii 72 . Without gram. subj., Laws ii 82 . With DE: Balur roba d.¤ de | rochum raith . . . mBresi (`it was worthy of him', O'Curry; it was within his pleasure?), MS. Mat. 578 (poem quoted by Mac Firbis).

Hence attrib. just, lawful: messair d.¤ `legitimate measure', Tec. Corm. § 3.39 (where however meaning may approach (b), the idea being the opposite of that expressed in `loaded dice'). Cf. also Hib. Min. 438 (text doubtful). dilmuin .i. dilis (lawful?), O'Dav. 605 , 725 . O'Cl. Possibly also fo d.¤ , Acall. 3244 (= as their fair share?).

(b) free from obstacles, unimpeded, unattached: gl. expeditum (= free for action, of a pers., used to explain accinctus ), Ml. 81b7 . Cf. Wb. 14a24 and BCr. 32c3 . Corm. Y 477 . Of things: Fél. p. 200 ( Fél. Sept. 4 ). ní chuirfea ind es nó a n-abaind he ara ticfa d.¤ without a catch (of a fish-hook), Acall. 7272 . Of persons: ro[s] leicset (so corrected by W. Stokes, Academy No. 584 ) d.¤ uadib 'na ndirmaib (of Egyptians letting Israelites depart), SR 3945 . for fer nd.¤ imt[h]éit (opp. to: fer imthéit co n-eri), Ériu ii 204 . cech d.¤ . . . fil cen recht cen réir (i.e. everyone exempt from monastic rule, every layman, opp. to cech fírmanach), Fél. p. 4 . is arrae trí coecat | don d.¤ nodgéba (opp. to nóeb `a professed religious'), Ep. 180 . duine d.¤ bis for sibal a hinad an unattached person (gl. fulla), Laws i 106.7 Comm. gasraid Cruachna . . . ni d.¤ duine ón feadhain | rigraid Muige Muireadhaigh `no man of the band is fruitless (unmarried)', Hy Fiach. 178 (possibly to be taken in connexion with ó unattached to, or absol. independent, unemployed ?). Éire díolmhuin ní dleagair | o ríoghaibh fhreimhe Huidhir it is not right that É. should be left empty of (? unattached to, i.e. unruled by?), 3 C 13, 463.1 . fo d.¤ , Acall. 909 , 3244 (?). Adv. (compar.) in dílmainiu gl. liberius, Ml. 61b21 .

(c) of offspring illegitimate: mac diolmhuin, Rel. Celt. ii 164.y . clann diolmhuin oile ag D., 174.15 .

(d) Of persons free, unattached: na daoine díolmhaine ` volunteers ' (Gloss.), TSh. 73 . ro marbadh drong da dhaoínibh diolmuine, AFM vi 2096.15 .

As subst. cech dílmain . . . cet cia théis fri báig ` freeman ', Fél. 4.13 .