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eólas , eulas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eólas , eulas or dil.ie/20161
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eulas, eulassaib

n u, o, m. IGT, Decl. § 38 .

(a) knowledge, information, esp. knowledge gained by experience or practice, acquaintance: eolus (gl. peritia) Ir. Gl. 901 . eolas .i. tuicsi iar foglaim, O'Dav. 771 . maith a n-eulas (gl. patres...certae scientiae) Ml. 63b2 . duan eulus (gl. ad notitiam) 78d5 . hí fius ┐ heulus, Sg. 209a6 . co festar cach n-eólas , IT i 224.3 . brethem cen fotha n-eoluis foundation of knowledge Laws v 354.1 . indarpaid in génntligecht eolas ┐ incongbaid aneolas, PH 721 . isse mac dian lia eolas i nErind the best-informed youth Ériu viii 156.5 . druid co mōr-eōlus, TBC-I¹ 835 . RC vi 174.7 . oc indisin eolais relating lore Ériu viii 156.11 . ardṡúi hErend eolossa, 70.90 . i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa in the absence of information TBC-LL¹ 1561.2845 (eolais). ic iarfaigid fessa ┐ fastini ┐ eolais, 407 . nochon eólas óenbaile `lore not of one spot only' Metr. Dinds. iv 134.6 . immad ecna ┐ eolais, PH 3961 . itir gach eolus da nderna se and adubairt... among other information that he made known BCC § 216 . thusa aga bhfuil éolas , 1 Corinth. viii 10 . ag éisteacht ealadhan ┐ eólais ó fheallsamhnaibh feasacha foghlamtha, TSh. 247 . lucht eolais the learned O'Gr. Cat. 475.9 . TD 17.59 .

With obj. gen.: eolas laburtha, PH 5372.5490 . a mesrugud do neuch...la eolus ind fita everyone should regulate his pittance...knowing the proper amount Mon. Tall. § 63 . do-bhéaram dhuit... | eólas do ghéag ngeinealaigh, TD 30.21 .

With ar: eólas foirbhthe ar na neithibh diadha, TSh. 8538 . an mhéid d'éolus is éidir dh'faghail ar Dhia, Romans i 19 .

With i n-: sainred n-eulais leu isin dan frisgníat (gl. multa peritia) Ml. 37b12 . eolas...i ndeachaib knowledge... of metrical feet O'Dav. 771 . Cf. as mór n-iath a mbói a n-eolas , Acall. 3617 = SG 174.25 (`many were the lands in which they knew their way about' SG ii 195 ; see c).

With ellipse, as quasi-vn.: biaid sē oc scēlaib ocus oc eolas , Ériu viii 156.6 .

i n-e.¤ (neich) acquainted with: atáimsi 'na n-eolas ó aimsir mo naoidheandachta, Maguires of F. § 37 .

(b) experimental proof, experience: ar eulas (gl. experi- mentum) Ml. 97d6 . dinaib eulasaib no donaib etarcnaib (gl. de experimentis) 19d18 . ho eulassaib (gl. experimentis) 57c11 .

(c) Esp. knowledge of the way (place), guidance (cf. e): eolas dún co rísem bail atá in Dond (give) us directions TBC-LL¹ 146 . tabair eolas dam co hairm a fuilet mo mic direct me to the place TTebe 4560 . atlochar...mh' eolus dochum an glinne, Anecd. ii 23.6 . tobair foirithin eolais uisqui oraind succour in finding water TTebe 1769 . do múnud eóluis dar muncind mara...dóib to teach them the way CRR 8 . donfairni do chobair, ol C. is bec mo chumang acht eolas namma guidance LL 252a17 = ZCP iv 45.20 . in retla resna druithibh ...tuc eolas doib isan teach i rabi Crist ZCP v 25 § 13 . do gab athinni ré heolus na haidchi `to show the way through the night' TTebe 4685 . lucht eoluis guides Rel. Celt. ii 196.16 ; 206.9 . In phr. berid e.¤ co leads the way to: rucsan eólas iarum co tech rob aithnid dó remi, CCellaig² 21.663 .

Cf. bar mbeith uili d'áeneolus `of one mind' Mer. Uil. 133 = uili aeneolus , BB 446a43 . do-gní e.¤ guides, directs: mar doniatt mairnelaig...éolus leis an réltainn direct their course by the star Maund. 155 . um eólus dingmalta do dhenomh asteach sa chuan, Fl. Earls 14.11 . éolas dírech do dhénamh go purt nimhe, Mac Aingil 342.7 . treóraighe d'fhagháil ré heólas na slighe do dhéanamh dhó, TSh. 9811 .

beirid e.¤ do leads, guides: beir eolas dúinn guide us, lead us GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283 .

beirid e.¤ ria n- leads, guides: in t-oirc peata briseas ar dus ┐ bereas eolus resin tret which first breaks through (the fence) and shows the way to the herd Laws iv 108.19 Comm. bērat eolus remut they will guide thee BColm. 28.19 .

d(o) [d(i)?] e.¤ for guidance, as guide: luidsi...┐ Mac Caille d'eolus rempe dar moin F. fo thuaith, Thes. ii 329. 39 . lotar rempu...cu Temair L., ┐ C. d'eolas rempu, MU 18.27 = LL 264b17 . cia bad chóir do eolus rempu eter na da chuiced, TBC-LL¹ 461 (do denom eoluis St). 468 . Hugh Roe 304.23 (f. 79b) . do deachator araill dhíobh do eolus lais tré Bearnas Mór, 116.16 (f. 31a) .

craobh eolais guiding branch A. Ó Dálaigh iii 7 . reulta eólais érlamh nUisnigh guiding star Studies 1919, 74 .

Cf. mar shaithe beachann gun bhech eolu[i]s , Rel. Celt. i 165.29 .

(d) a way, direction, path, opening: cen ergna n-eolais cen treóir...i tirib aneóil without knowledge of the way SR 3447 . imt[h]ig eolus ale depart in another direction BColm. 18.24 . sechain an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cāch docum an oilen, BCC § 233 . § 171 . dochuaid...ar athgairid eolais `by a short cut' TTebe 4617 . cia héolus no ghebhdais, Cog. 214 y . déarad gur thréig siad an t-eólus | sin síos an tslighe that they have mistaken the path, Hackett xxvi 149 . mo theagh ní hé t'eolus-sa destination A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 6 . dorighnedh cro caeluigh uime gan conair as acht eolus a tuctha began goirt-bidh do save a way by which a little salt meat was given him Lism. L., p. 310. 10 = RC xx 420.7 . ro ghabhastair ionar...ionnas gach éolas da n-imghidh rinn chaol chruaidh-ṡnáthaide go ngabhadh dhó so that there was not so much as the point of a sharp needle might touch where it did not fit to him ML 112.1 . isteagh san eolas as fearr | ...muna seoltar sinn, A. Ó Dálaigh iii 5 , may belong to c.

Cf. dothaed rompo for eolus a ceneóil, BB 259b23 = YBL 179b38 .

(e) a place known, familiar surroundings: cían om eólus-sa crioch gusa ránag-sa far from my home BS 98.3 . an uair rangadar eolus a ccrioch fein, Rel. Celt. ii 206.9 .

(f) description by which a person (thing) is known; designation: Ser Gyi o Berbuic m'ainm ┐ m'fis ┐ m'eolus ag sluaghaibh Saxan my name and title and description ZCP vi 30.16 .

(g) secret knowledge, a prescription, spell, charm: ag bruith in neich is cain do losaib ┐ do [sic leg.] eolusuib do neoch bis a ngalur of herbs and nostrums (recipes, Laws Crit. 45 ; spells, charms? see Ériu viii 130 ) Laws i 300.15 Comm. v 260.13 Comm.