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1 eochair , echair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eochair , echair or dil.ie/20138

 

Forms: eochrach, eochrach, eochrocha, eachracha, eochra

n i, k, f. g s. eochrach, ZCP v 495.25 (17th cent. MS.). n p. eochrach, Triads 204 . eochrocha, Rev. i 18 . eachracha, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochra, ZCP xiii 372.18 . a key:

(a) in lit. sense: eochair an ghlais = clavim Todd Lect. v 14.2 . eochair na cuilne = clavis coquinae 76.10 . co scrinaib ilardaib...co n-eochraib do erslocud cach ai, Hib. Min. 7.226 (= clavibus 89.12 ). bái airecol...hi tóib thige...dobreth dó a echuir (echair, eochair v.l.); atnoilc, Imr. Brain i 53.18 (LU). a shealbthoir mallachda eochrach ifrind, YBL 152b18 . rodhéchsad for poll na heochrach the keyhole ZCP v 495.25 = Mart. Don. 254.15 . glass ro hiadad d'eochair ZCP vi 271.12 .

(b) Metaph. clue, solution, explanation, guide, means of access: ata eochair saingnusta re cach psalm .i. a titul, Hib. Min. 7.228 . eochair chéille coistecht ... eochair ecna umla ZCP vi 270 § 1 . tri heochracha aroslicet imráitiu: mescca, tairisiu, serc, Triads 204 . seacht seathracha nimhe ar nemh | eachracha cridhe an Choimdhedh, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochracha na hairdríghe key-defences Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . eochoir leasa `key of profit' GF, Studies 1918, 98 . fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh | fuair ...aimsior wine which is now no source of elation Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 7 . Of divination: foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi IT i 129.23 . ro iarfacht Conn dond filid ┐ robui side icc scrūtan co n-écetar a eochra eccsi dou, ZCP xiii 372.18 .

pn Of persons: eochair na flatha némdai (of Peter) PH 1639 . da eochair gascid Gædel (of two warriors) TBC-LL¹ 3771 (dá euchraid ┐ dá chridiscél thuascirt in betha, of Castor and Pollux, TTr.² 69 , may belong to this). in eochair foslaicthe gacha healadna (of Cicero), CCath. 4493 . a eochair bhalsaim cheana Séarluis O key of the balsam of Charles's favour! Ó Bruad. i 54.4 .

Cf. tipra Patraic. Slán a ainm. fufrith and nuuechuir (nuaechuir v.l.) Patraic `P.'s new key' Trip. 164.4 (a plant-name ?). COMPD. Eochair-sciath key-shield: Eochair-sgiath an Aifrinn, title of a work by Keating, rendered `Explanatory Defence of the Mass' by the editor (1898 ed.). san seachtmhadh caibidil déag d'Eochair-sgéith an Aifrinn, TSh. 4460 .

2 eochair

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n tongue: eochair .i. teanga, O'Cl. P. O'C. The latter adds: `metaph. Because it is the key for unlocking the mind,' perhaps merely a special use of 1 eochair . eochair thenga thagartha, Metr. Gl., Ff. 41 .

5 eochair

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Forms: eochair, Ochair, Ochair

n one of the lower flanges of the triangular or leaf-shaped spear-head (?): ro gab Aengus in crimall [a spear] anuas da healchaing ┐ tuc buille di a Cellach cor marbustar he; cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic coro lethchaech hé ┐ ro ben a hurlunn a ndruim rechtaire na T. aca tarraing a Cellach, Laws iii 82 z ; cf. other versions of the story: og tabairt do an gai a broind an maic taraill in slabrad (brefe na slabraidi LU. brefne a slabradige, H 3.17 ) dar suil Cormaic...┐ conecmaing a hirland a n-edan an rechtaire, Anecd. i 16.13 (similarly Ériu iii 136.3 ). atroeraid Oengus in tsleig triit. bi dano indala slabrad suil ind rig ... in tan do sreng in sleig a dochum rodbi fochoir na sleigi triasind deogbaire, Rawl. 131b31 (where fochoir seems a by-form of eochair ). This passage in Laws iii 82 is apparently referred to in: eochraib aithre [leg. áithe ?] aithighi, in an obscure rhetoric on A.'s crime, Laws v 266.8 . Cf. also, perhaps: no thorc n-eocraide (a chattel liable to seizure in certain cases), with gl.: in torc cusna eochraib aithi, cusna fiaclaib bir-athi .i. muc corusa fine .i. amail eochra aithe a fiacla, v 444.16 Comm.

Cf. (e)ochair-gér under 7 eochair .

pn Here perhaps: Ailill Ochair Aga, LU 22a32 = RC ix 452.4 , where Stokes takes Ochair as g s. and translates `A. of the edge of battle,' but the word, whatever its meaning, is possibly in apposition to Ailill, despite the fact that it does not alter with the gen. in : mac Ailello Ochair Aga, Anecd. i 51.7 .

6 eochair

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n `a keystone, a corner-stone, an angle or nook ' P. O'C. Cf. eochuir .i. cromdīrech, Corm. Y 546 = O'Mulc. 369 , and 7 eochair .

7 eochair , ochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 eochair , ochair or dil.ie/20144

 

n (the latter form is the usual one in early texts and is probably the older; cf. 2 fochair) an edge, border, rim: eochair .i. imeal, O'Cl. dessid Moisi ... for ochair na conaire, SR 3746 . 6578 . fo eochair na habhunn, Acall. 1839 (a fochur [leg. -uir ?] na ha. v.l. ). conici leth-eochair in feraind boundary, limit Laws iv 20.21 Comm. amal timchellas tond mara moir ochra (eochra v.l.) cuan ┐ calad, Celt. Rev. x 314.21 = TTebe 3093 . Duma na mban... ar a ochair uachtarach, BB 351b43 = innell, Metr. Dinds. i 18.62 . Bile Tortan...doruart mor sin dia ochair, BB 410a38 (= eochair , Metr. Dinds. iv 240.12 ). doronait ochra ammalta i cosmailius bili bernaig do bordaibh in catha cechtarda `serried edges' CCath. 5838 .

COMPDS. (in some of the exx. given below the meaning of (e)ochair is doubtful): ocharbádud?: do batar fora n-ocharbádhudh (imbaghadh v.l.) `were shipwrecked' CCath. 2116 . robúi for ocharbadhudh (imbadad v.l.) `drowning' 2149 .

¤bél edge of mouth, lips (?): in cuvur-uanfadh ic tepersain a gingobaibh ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech `muzzles' CCath. 4957 . Cf. áth Unchi Eochairbéoil, Metr. Dinds. iii 98.24 . U. Ochairbél...is de asberar ochairbel de, fo daig ni labrad Unci acht tri lathi ┐ tri aidchi ria Samain ┐ iar Samuin, LL 193a14 .

¤bláith smooth-edged: a haighleannaibh iomdhoimhne eochairbhláithe na n-oirear `deep, clear-winding creeks' ML 44.27 .

¤bord edge, rim: corrthar ... immá ochorbord inn inair sin, LL 237b22 (= TTr. 1536 ). rasudigit sretha...di ruadramaib ara ochorborddaib (of a ship) 219b31 = TTr. 109 (`bulwark-edges'). dar eochar-bordaib in aigeoin, TTebe 1167 .

¤brecc (?)-speckled, epithet of salmon: éicni áilli ochorbrecca, LL 219b40 = TTr. 196 . na héicne áille eochurbrecca, Acall. 3762.2476 (`in their graduated hues' SG ii 165 ). 2332 (`in their diversely shaded hues' SG ii 161 ).

¤chimas fringe (?): fri hocharchimsaibh an cathbairr, CCath. 5276 . dar ochurchimsaib na n-assan iarnaidhe 5867 .

¤chless name of a feat (?): oc imbert chless .i. eter ubullcless ... et rothcless et ocharcless ..., ZCP ix 155.22 = ochtarcleas, TBC-I¹ 1504 (otar LU). ragabsatar dá sciathchliss ...┐ a n-ocht n-ocharchliss, TBC-LL¹ 3556 (n-ochracha cliss St). docuadar ara clesaibh gaile ┐ gaisgid .i. seacht n-ocaircleasa, etc. ZCP x 302.18 .

¤chróebach? do roighne sgiath n-órdha n-eochuircraobhaigh, ML 128.16 .

¤druimm outer-ridge: cona cruinnchimsaib ... arna coimeccur inn ochur-druimnib a n-uamann (of quivers), CCath. 5456 .

¤gér sharp-edged: do slennaib aithi ochurgera na slegh, CCath. 5899 . Cf. 5 eochair .

¤glan clean-brinked: srotha eocharglana, Lism. L. 3709 .

¤glas green-edged: a haibhnibh aillib ochurglassa, CCath. 5221 . ceithri bliadna Crimthaind cais | osan Erinn eocharglas [sic] BB 47b16 = immelglais, LL 129a13 .

¤gorm blue-surfaced (?); when used of the sea blue-rimmed would suit very well, and might be suggested by the horizon line, but when applied simply to spring water the meaning is not clear; it would seem that the epithet has in such cases been carried over mechanically from contexts where blue-rimmed is suitable: ind ḟairgge eithrech ochargorm, TBC-LL¹ 5028 ( eochair-g. St) 4755 . 5976 . tipra Chonnlai... | bói fon aibeis n-eocharguirm, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.10 . ic mall-ascnam in mara eocairguirm, CCath. 3352 (ocur-, ochur- v.l.). for tencaisin na haibheisi eochairguirme, 1447 . táinic ródbhuindi d'uisqi eocharghorm asin carraic, Acall. 3629 . in dabuch do línad d'uisci eocharghorm, 419 . do chuir in t-uisqi eocharghorm im a ghnúis, 1834 . tipra...dobérsa duib for a lár | usce eochargorm, 3607 (`sparkling' SG ii 195 ). ar uiscidhib ochargorma, 7229 n. criochaib eochairghormai na hAlban, RC xxix 110.17 .

¤immel outer edge: eochair-imle an mhara .i. imil ┐ uilleanna an mhara edges and angles (?) O'Cl. s. eochair . uas eochair-imlib mara Toirrian, TBC-I¹ 2493 . go heochair-imlibh na habonn, TBC-LL¹ 3877 (St). TTebe 875 . a heocharimlib tṡleibe Fuait, Acall. 5322 . 6591 . 7297 . in curchin...ind eochar-imill in lochai, MacCongl. 119.31 . fa eochairimlibh an mhara, RC xxix 140.15 ; 144.30 . ZCP vi 50.30 . caistiall baoi for eochair-imeal an chuain, Hugh Roe² 17.14 (f. 9b) . a fhir ocharimmil chuicid Ulad `of the march' RC x 365.31 . Cf. bratt...co n-achárimlib argit LL 267b31 = MU 38.12 .

¤snám swimming or floating by the shore (?): bet san chorn ar eocharsnám, SG 239.20 . for ochursnam ina cru fein, CCath. 5126 , cf. 6116 . do cing in lan mara fona rathannaib go mbadar for ogursnam (ochur~ v.l.) for ur na hinnsi, 2642 .

? 4 eochair

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n of the rate of eneclann for each grade: cūic ba dēc don deachain des | 'na eneclainn, ní ances | rosoith can brēig na eochair | dā ba dēc don subdeochain ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Possibly = 7 eochair ; 'na e.¤ beside him, moreover (cf. 2 fochair).

tre-eochair , treochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tre-eochair , treochair or dil.ie/41710

 

Forms: treochair

adj (trí + eochair ) three-edged: dia líc tréuill tréochair, Metr. Dinds. iv 40.22 . In n. pr.: isé m'ainm Tréfhuilngid Tre-eochair , Ériu iv 40.8 . As name of a metre: treochair, IT iii 45.4 . ? Cf. Treochair Tighe Lir, Anecd. ii 45.6 (in list of `togla,' cf. trechúairt). Note also Deochair Tighe Cathbad, 17 .