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3 es(s)

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Last Revised: 2013

 

n m., orig. u n.: ess n-ard, Ériu xvii 90 § 7 , 98 , xxii 42 § 7 . Eas nDuind, Metr. Dinds. iv 8.39 , Ériu xiii 144 . a cataract, rapid; a rapidly flowing stream (cf. ess o eistin cene imme nessamar cech lind is ess a ainm...unde ess aqua quia [a]estuat .i. fervet , O'Mulc. 427 ): fogur essa uair ra hall the sound of the cataract LL 298a13 = SG 366.12 . fuaim eassa na sroth, IT iii 195. 20 . essa abhai...alaind ceoul the falls of the river ... splendid melody K. and H. 29 . ro ling isin es robaoí ar in mBanna ┐ robaithedh ann, gurab uaithi ainmnighter an t-eas sin, ITS v 56.27 . [Loch] Echach na n-ess `of the rapids' Metr. Dinds. iv 68.153 . co n-erracht in muir...ina essaib ardda uanfadcha in great foaming billows LL 230b 26 = TTr. 991 . corola a luaith risin sruth coromarbh es in tsrotha choked the current BB 358a36 . Dinds. 13 . ós cionn an easso, Duan. F. i 3.3 . na hessa ┐ na hátha, LL 264a7 = MU 14.32 . o ro deilighius re hesaib ┐ re hindberaib na hErenn do snam, Acall. 4563 n. ar Inis C. na n-eas mbinn, TD 11.1 . na heasa ┐ na hinnbheara bhíos ag sileadh, TSh. 6724 .

COMPD. ¤balb of murmuring cascades: oighre an fuinn esbhailbh, LL 394.47 .

4 es(s)

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n n. (?)

(a) a vessel: ess usci, Mon. Tall. § 42 .

(b) a boat, ship: dusnarfas ess n-argait isin fairce, RC xii 60.11 . docum na tilchu dia n-acu an es n-aircit asin muoir 72.6 . ess .i. long: ni dheachaidh áon ess tresan Muir Ruaidh acht an ess umhaidhe, O'Cl. Cf. éis .i. long, ut est: ni dechaidh aen-eis as Muir Ruaidh acht aen-eis umaidhe, O'Curry 1366 (< H 3.18. 625 ).

6 es(s)

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n (? vox nihili SGS iv 95 ) death: es .i. ecc, Corm. Y 573 . es .i. bás, O'Cl. eisteacht .i. teacht i n-eis [in eis?] .i. bás, ib. Cf. esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 .

8 es(s)

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Forms: essem

n an ox: ess .i. dam, Corm. Y 514 s.v. essem (eis LB). Cf. O'Mulc. 442 .

es(s)ach

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adj o-ā (3 es(s)) pertaining to or abounding in waterfalls or rapidly flowing streams: cithach aub essach | essach loch lindmar, IT iii 35.20 . mon tir ... eissaich abnich, Cog. 52.17 (easaigh aibhnigh v.l.).

es(s)ad

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n affliction, sorrow, disease: easadh .i. galar, O'Cl. a Leith Macha, mór n-essad, mór n-dirsan! (Emer foretelling Cú Chulainn's death) LL 123a20 . mór n-esad artai much sorrow is in store for thee (?) Ériu i 118.9 . Cf. essad ebraice esda [i.e. in beth-esda] enim miser[i]cordiae. is esad is cride dia airchisecht, O'Mulc. 430 . Cf. essad .i. eisid .i. ised is sith and in tslaine tsuthain, Corm. Y 522 .

es(s)air

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Forms: easair, easair

n f. (abstr. of as-ser-n-)

(1)

(a) strewing, litter ; applied to straw or rushes used for floor-covering, bedding , etc.: easair ` litter for cattle, also a strawpallet ' P. O'C. `the bed of corn-sheaves laid on the barn floor to be threshed is also called easair' J. Fleming (RIA slips). aín nua dia essair new straw for covering it (a wall) Laws iv 314.7 . dīrech n-airidi, noes nua dia esair the stripping of a dais, new straw (?) to cover it 314.3 (wrongly punctuated in edn.). ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barrglas ┐ essair urárd úrluachra litter of fresh rushes TFerbe 66 . conaca M....in dairthach fo lán-essair glain, LL 286a42 . The ex.: in tan do síned in beist a bragit cosin n-esair, FB 57 may belong to (2), but the meaning bedding would not be out of place. Of lining for a grave (?): ro hadnacht cen esair, Metr. Dinds. iii 114. 71 (see note p. 499 ib.).

(b) of things strewn about in disorder, an untidy litter, a mess: ro athchuiredar a n-airm ...┐ a cathberti...gurba hesair uathmar urscailti...cach laemluirech ┐ láighnead ┐ lebar-sciath ro ḟágsat...ar cert-lar na cath-laithrech sin, MR 314 y . re himad na n-easrach n-uathmar n-urscailti, 316.18 . Cf. o thictís a hesair áin, Metr. Dinds. ii 78.14 , where reading áig (with another copy) we might render (slaughter-)heaps of battle.

(2) food, meat (the origin of this sense is obscure; some exx. suggest dismembered carcase which is on the whole the most likely; the transl. dish would usually suit, but unless the word is here a distinct one this cannot be an early meaning, but may be a later development): esair bidh do roind do cách (one of the labours permitted on a Sunday), O'D. 1950 . aighe do tuit don easair itir da tech a joint which fell from the meat [the dismembered carcase? or the dish?] (when being conveyed) from house to house Laws ii 234.7 Comm. (Unterlage ZCP xiv 346 x ). ro fiafraig in ba herrlamh in esair, Lism. L. 1060 (referring to a carcase of beef; the sentence corresponds to: narb ullamh cuid na meithli, BCC § 212 ). Cf. Cu C. trén a gach mbeirn a bhuille | baoi ar n-easoir aicce go cian | nior chomhraic a lamh ria riamh, 24 P 5, 79 = bai in esair aici co dian, Acall. 1118 ( Cú C. doroinded biadh, 1115 ). Here also, perhaps: coin...ag gleic fán easair fhalaimh, Dánfhocail 158 = O'Gr. Cat. 617 , where dish makes better sense than O'Gr.'s rendering `kennel;' eser, q.v., seems to be a distinct word.

COMPD. ¤chosairt trampling, stamping: ro craith in sliab...risin n-esarchosairt doroine in fer...dia chossaib ┐ dia lámaib, Mer. Uil. 77 .

es(s)airm

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adj unarmed: essairm .i. cen arm, O'Mulc. 449 . ócbad n-essairm, gillanrad diairm, CRR 38 . Cf. cianernn immue nesairm, IT iii 52.2 .

es(s)al

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n m. ass: bainne essail, Maund. 218 . See asal.

es(s)amain

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Forms: esamnu

adj (omun) fearless, bold, daring: am essamin do thabirt testassa airibsi I am bold to give evidence Wb. 16a26 . (with gen.) am essamin se precepte fearless in preaching 23b7 . cia fiu esámain (gl. quam temerarium) Ml. 27d8 . nibbát ecal ocal opond esamain be neither timid nor violent, precipitate and rash IT i 213.19 . is esamain (the question) is a bold one (?) Anecd. ii 12.3 . (Adv.) tanic co hesamain ┐ confergach i n-agaid Patraic, Trip. 456.1 . co dána ┐ co hesamain, PH 5137 . Compar.: it essamnu de they are the more fearless Wb. 23b12 . esamnu (gl. audentior) Ml. 29a12 . esamnu...du écnduch dǽ bolder to blaspheme God ib. 11 . Cf. esamain .i. lasamain, ut est oc esamain airbert i cuairt, O'Dav. 772 (cf. 799 ). esomain (essomuin v.l.) .i. obann no lasamain, ut est is esomain naillech .i. is lasamain fri tabairt luighi `he is a sudden swearer, i.e. he is on fire to take an oath' 781 . pn As sobriquet: mac Elcaib Essamain `son of E. the fearless' MacCongl. 75.8 ; 119.24 (Esomain). Cf. es(s)omon.

es(s)amnae

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Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: esamni, esamni

n , f. ( es(s)amain)

(a) boldness, confidence: ní nuae dunni ind esamnae so dit ditin-siu (gl. de protectione tua fiducia) Ml. 110d12 . a s. int [leg. inn] esamni ind firiéin dut chreitim-siu (gl. fiduciam) 'the confidence of the righteous man to believe thee', 142b2 . in n-esamni nad lugimem (gl. confidentiam non minimam) 14b10 . in esamni (gl. impudentiam) 25b9 . tre essamni cumachti through confidence of power Wb. 17a7 . d s. ní rabæ di esamni Duaid David had not the boldness Ml. 33c17 . is danatus ┐ is essamna mor do Throianaib tuidecht co Grecu, LL 399b36 = TTr.² 245 . dál fria hessamna a tryst with boldness (?) MacCongl. 95. 7 . Cf. fornes fir iar mbag esamna the declaration (i.e. test, proof) of a man (comes) after (his) vaunt of confidence (?) O'Dav. 799 = forneis iar mbagh esomna, 781 . oc esamna airbert .i. ar in airbert lasamain, 799 = oc esamain airbert, 772 . As npr. m.: Rogen mac Essamna Emna maic Blaith, ZCP viii 292.13 .

(b) a welcome: ferais esomni fris `she made him welcome' RC xi 446.68 = feraiss eussoman (.i. failti) friss ZCP iii 251.8 . ferais Medb esomne fris 'Medb welcomed him', BDC 104.18 . ferais Cormac esomne frie 'Cormac welcomed her', BDC 110.96 ​. Cf. es(s)omon.

es(s)anmide

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adj io-iā (anmide) lifeless: is andsin arránic Echaich esanmide, Trip. 178.22 . bat imda cuirp essanmide esḟulide fó chonaib ┐ chuanartaib, LL 236b15 = TTr. 1454 .

es(s)artha, e(s)arda

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io-iā (part. of esraid) strewn, littered: áiliu suide n-ard n-esarthae 'I pray for a high, straw-covered seat' Éigse xxxvii 76 § 2 . robatar gríanana...essarda do aín ┐ do urluachair LL 263a37 = MU 12.5 . a bhfoirgneadha áille easartha `well-littered buildings' ML 76.5 .

es(s)éirge

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Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: n-eséirge, n-esséirge, esséirge, æsærge, eisérghe, n-esséirgiu, n-esséirgu, nheséirgiu, esærgi, esǽrgi

io, n., later f. (vn. of as-éirig) re-arising, (theol.) resurrection; the final resurrection: n s. a n-eséirge sin indibsi, Wb. 18b5 . is hed a n-esséirge leu, 30b14 . esséirge inna n-uile marb, 13d16 . æsærge, Ml. 38c9 . is ann bias h'esseirghi ┐ eiséirghe shochuidhi immaille frit, Todd Lect. v 106.4 . is í ind esérgi tanaise ind esergi bias illó bratha...a bás, LU 36b36 = RC xxv 250.14 . eisérghe (f.) IGT, Decl. § 3 . eiséirgi do éirigh Dia, Ériu iv 112 . eiseirghe na gcorp, O'Dowley § 1b y . a s. tria hesséirge som, Wb. 2d8 . doriltiset hesséirge mortuorum 25b13 . 30a20 . ga trath do ríghne an aiséirghe ?, Luc. Fid. 47.16 . d s. iar n-esséirgiu , Wb. 4a27 . iar n-esséirgu 3c2 . 13b26 . i nheséirgiu , 4b9 . issin chetna eisseirge, SR 8233 . don tress essérgi, 8240 . sind eisseirgi thanaisi 8237 . isind esérgi, LU 35a8 = RC xxv 238 x . isin esergi atracht ar senathair, PH 3427 . g s. i corp spirtáldae ind eséirgi, Wb. 3a14 . creitem incholnichtho et esséirgi, 4d27 . díltud eisséirgi Crist, 13b18 . esærgi, Ml. 15d2 . esǽrgi 81d1 . in mirbail-sea inna esergi, LU 37a29 = RC xxv 252.25 . oc ernaidi na esergi LU 36b20 = RC xxv 248 z . deichdúan na heisseirge, SR p. 118 . a dtimcheall eiséirghe Chriosd, Acts ii 31 .

Transf. and fig.: muighi loma les-aíbhne | luibhi orra ag eiséirghe springing into life; reviving IGT Decl. ex. 150 . iar n-eiséirghe a staid an pheacaidh dhó, TSh. 8986 . is and forfuacair Mael Sechnaill in eseirghi n-airrdirc dia n-ebairt gach aen do Gaedelaib...tait ass dia tir the famous rising (against the Danes) RC xvii 341.32 . (but see under escongra and esgaire). eisséirge mná meicc Miled the resurrection-stead (i.e. Temair) Ériu iv 92.2 .

es(s)em

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n m. a brace or strap used to fasten one yoke to another or the oxen to the yoke in ploughing; a pair: is corait iarom in t-essem oc tuidmiu na cuingiu dona damaib, Corm. Y 514 . eisimh .i. gach ní bhios a gcóraid [sic leg.] no a bfochair a cheile, O'Cl. Cf. eissem, O'Mulc. 442 .

es(s)én

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Forms: eiss-

n m. an unfledged bird, a nestling: esen .i. es ┐ en. es didiu fo diultad, essen didiu ni hen chadacht no ni hen clumda cedacht not yet a bird, or not yet a fledged bird YBL 265c9 = Corm. Y 511 . a n-isseniu (gl. pullos suos) Ml. 80a6 [leg. eiss- ?]. amail esene fiach unfledged ravens Corm. Y 731 . ni frithidi bid esine éim (.i. ni hinann so ┐ eun do gabail a sás), ZCP ix 141 x = TBC-I¹ 797 (frithid bid eissine). go luth eisine with (but) the vigour of a nestling Anecd. ii 21.1 . il-leith eiseine, 22.24 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi síar do duth, co toét cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . Cf. intī nar leic essin mil maigi do sil T. `never yielded even the leveret of a hare' Cog. 66.11 (éis an ghiuilgennaigh v.l.).

es(s)omon

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Forms: essemón

n I A cessation of fear, hence a respite; a truce: ronbith essoman lais co comtastar fer do let us have a truce with him TBC-I¹ 1235 (essomon, Eg. essemón LU). essomon tri laithi ┐ teora n-aidchi, RC xxv 346.14 . dorónsat essomon trī laa ┐ n-oidchi etarru, ZCP viii 312.17 . ailthus E. imm esomon asks them for a truce 313.5 . gaid essomon bliadna do a respite, delay Anecd. iii 59.3 . digensat essomon fri soegul nO., 60.13 .

II A welcome: fearus Eochaidh esemain (.i. fáilti) fris, ZCP v 523 x . fuidis Guaire essomuin friu, ACL iii 3.9 . easomain .i. fáilte, O'Cl. Cf. es(s)amain, es(s)amnae.

es(s)onóir

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n f. (onóir) dishonour, contumely, insult: ata essanóir do Dia ann (sc. adaltras), PH 7424 . tuc sé essanoir don spirut nóem, 7518 . an oidhchi do gabad ar Tigerna...tucad asanair gér dó, Maund. 15 . tuccadar asanóra dó insults 16 . tuc sé athais mor bheóil dó ┐ esonóir mór láimhe abuse and mishandling Ériu v 174.1 . do cuimnigh O. in easonóir fuair fen uadha the insult he had received from him Fier. 243 . ar son na hesanora tuc da senathair, 19 . is mímaise mór a beth fa essanóir to be dishonoured PH 7387 . co mba himda cuirp saerclann...fo esonoir, CCath. 4087 . lot ┐ easonóir, Proverbs vi 33 . With obj. gen.: aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults' MR 218.8 . i ndigail a dimiadha ┐ a easonora for the indignity and dishonour offered to him 42.3 ; 110.11 . lucht m' inghrema ┐ m' esonóra, BNnÉ 266.27 . With subj. gen.: mar dobádur cusaniugh fa daeire ┐ fa esanóir imperedh...co mbetdís... fat daeirsi-si ┐ fat esanoir, Maund. 197 . fa asanoir impere ib.