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do-fiad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fiad or dil.ie/17636

 

x see ad-fét.

3 fé fiad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fé fiad or dil.ie/21374

 

x see 1 féth.

1 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíad or dil.ie/21885
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fiadham, fiadum-sa, fiadutsa, fiada, fiada, fiado-som, fiada, fíadai, fiadae, fiado, fíadib, fiadib, fiadaib

prep. with dat. ( f.¤ firu, LU 9773 is in a Mid. Ir. text), usually lenites. Orig. a subst., cf. W. gwydd `presence,' and perhaps folld. by gen., cf. f.¤ cach druing dein, SR 4519 (Strachan, M. Ir. Decl., takes druing here as d s f. The word is f. in later lang.) cf. dothaitni grian fhiad cach druṅg, SR 249 . cf. also f.¤ meic dé athar, ZCP viii 561 < Lec. 183va 40 but: f.¤ genemain, 2808 . Often written fia, esp. before d. feád, LU 10978 . With rel. partic.: fiadh ndéntar, ZCP xvi 170 . With pron. suff.: 1 sg. fiadham, Anecd. i 73 § 200 . fiadum-sa, MacCongl.² 17.522 . 2 sg. fiadutsa LB 174a51 . 3 s. m. fiada, Trip. 136.28 . fiada, Corm. Y 645 . fiado-som, Mon. Tall. § 78 , fiada, LB 184a33 . BB 393a11 . fíadai, LU 10826 . fiadae, O'Mulc. 49 . fiado, Bürgschaft 19 § 59 . 2 pl. fíadib, Wb. 19b6 , 24b12 . 3 pl. fiadib, 10c5 . fiadaib, Ml. 112d8 .

(a) before, in presence of: gl. pro [tribunali] Ml. 26c16 . coram 61b19 . fiad Abimelech (gl. ante A.) 53b5 . amal bid fíadib nocrochthe as if He had been crucified before you Wb. 19b6 . f.¤ chách openly, publicly: Wb. 3a7 . 2a1 (gl. in manifesto). 18d8 (gl. seorsum). Ml. 24c19 . corop imdergad deit fía cách, Mon. Tall. § 15 . segair in chest isin tig feád ind oclaig, LU 10978 . f.¤ na sluagaib, Anecd. i 68 § 155 . no bīdh ... C. f.¤ cách cech die, ACL iii 308 vi 12 . f.¤ ainglib, PH 4677 . f.¤ aingliu, 6800 . f.¤ dálaib before assemblies Fél. Prol. 315 . f.¤ mathib Ulad, LU 8790 ( FB 59 ). cor tasfen cách a cherd ... fíad firu Herend, LU 9773 . fia fiadnaib before witnesses Bürgschaft 17 § 52 . fiadnaise didiu fiad neoch naisi, 19 § 58 . f.¤ nUlad errathaib in the sight of the champions of Ulster TBC-I¹ 3561 . co ndernsat col mór fiadh Dhia ┐ fia dhainibh AU 1128 . co ttudhchatar uaidh fiadh ṡūilibh `escaped before his eyes' (openly) AFM ii 692.4 . P. O'C. (s.v.) cites from a copy of the Táin: fiadh a chéle = hi fiadnaisi a cheli, TBC-I¹ 784 .

(b) in the eyes of, in the opinion of: atchessa fiad lucht na n-etarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer Hy vii pref . isat somilis f.¤ borbaib, at sérb ... f.¤ ecnaidib (= dulcis stultis, amara sapientibus) PH 4662 . cinntech fia Dia ... nemchintech fia doinib, 6214 . ar bat nefni fiadu na todernuma tuctha fair he counted as nought the tortures 6590 . cíat ísliu f.¤ [fia, la, v.l.] daínib, Fél. Prol. 153 . nirbo coir fiadha he did not deem it right Anecd. ii 13.8 . bec fiad[ut]-su in ní-sin ┐ mór fiadum-sa, MacCongl.² 17.521 .

2 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíad or dil.ie/21886
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fiad, fiadhu, fiaidh, fiadeich, fiaidhleitiús, fíadmucca, fíadrath, uball

n u, m. (acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr., i 112 a derivative of fid `wood,' orig. an adj. = ` wild ,' cf. W. gwydd `wild' and Lat. silvaticus < silva, a sense preserved in compds., but early applied to wild animals in particular, and used as subst.) Wild animals, game, esp. deer , early coll. but later also distrib.: f.¤ foluaimnech skittish deer (?) ZCP v 22 § 11 . ní rontétlai fíad dar fráech no quarry escaped him Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . oc seilg ar cach f.¤ hunting every game LU 9888 ( PRIA iii 1893-6, 534 ). im chetguine muicce no aige no fíada no fiadmíla, TBC-LL¹ 248 . a ndegaid ind ḟiada síde the fairy deer Acall. 5324 . tecaid fíad alltaide ┐ loitidh ... uile, 4211 . fiad , 4429 = dam allaith, 4430 . f.¤ cacha feda (.i. allaid), Laws v 482y (484.20) . in duine tainic do gait in fiadha as in cuithig, iii 458.4 Comm . lánamain gacha fiadha ar bith a pair of each (species of) wild animal (including birds, see Duan. F. p. 20 ), Acall. 3615 . pl. na fiadhu wild animals (oppd. to: na ceannda), Laws iv 120.6 Comm. no marbdais na fiada ar luas, LL 260a34 = IT i 72.12 . tangadur na fiada amach isin muir ar teiched roim na conaib, Acall. 3234 . lus na fiadh (gl. ferina) Ir. Gl. 183 . an fiadh (= cervus Psalms xli 2 ), TSh. 4424 . fiadh .i. fiadhain ` wild, savage '; `a deer' (g s. fiaidh); fiadh fionn ` fallow deer ' P. O'C. ( Deuteronomy xiv 5 ). fiadh ruadh `a red deer ' ib. fiadh barr a stag BCC § 163 . § 297 . Compds. ¤chapall wild horse: amhail do-ní fiadh-chapall don chapall mhín ó neamh-aithighe na cuinge, TSh. 7450 . ¤chat a wild cat : dá fhiadhchat a hUaimh Chruachan 'two wild-cats', Heroic Poetry 52 § 50 = ii eychat, M'Lauchlan 46.39 . fíadchat 'a wild cat a forest cat' P. O'C. ¤cholum a wild pigeon (gl. palumbem) Sg. 70a16 . ¤chorr a crane TBC-I¹ 1940 . ¤chullach `a wild boar ' P. O'C. Psalms lxxx 13 . ¤ech a wild horse: g s. fiadeich, FB 37 Eg. ¤fraech: Fódhla na fiadhfraech of heathy wastes Leb. Cert. 158.18 . comtis lir fíadgainemain 'they were as numerous as desert sand', SR (Greene) 2808 . ¤graig a herd of deer (or wild mares ?) ZCP viii 311.9 . fiaidhleitiús wild lettuce (ref. to lactucis agrestibus Exodus xii 8 ) Eochairsg. 98.3 . ¤mag: untilled plain: for fiadmaighibh, CCath. 866 . ¤míl a wild animal (esp. of the deer kind): inna huili fiadmila (gl. omnia [cervorum] generis animalia) Ml. 121c20 . (Of two calves:) foréimdes comairle forru odergena fiadmíla díb LL 165a50 . fiadmila bid i muine, Corm. Y 646 ( hares ?). i n-adba oss ┐ ḟiadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . feoil oss ┐ fiadmil ┐ mathghaman, CCath. 2906 . snechta mór ... co rola ár n-innili ┐ fiadhmhíl ┐ enlaithe ..., AFM ii 852.12 = conruslá ár ndaoine ┐ indele ┐ ḟiadhmhíol an mhara ┐ énlaithe, ALC i 46 . f. fairrge a seal (?): mar clises fiadmil ... fomorda fairgi fa murbruchtaib ... min-eisc ` sea-monster ' MR 248.10 (cf. f. an mhara in last cit.). ¤móin a bog, swamp: fidh na fiadmoin (: iarnóin), IT iii 69 § 16 = Bruchst. i § 25 . ¤muc wild pig: Dinds. 35 . pl. fíadmucca, Metr. Dinds. iii 386.12 . fiadhmuc .i. muc fiadhain O'Cl. fíadrath stock granted by a wanderer or outlaw(?): f. .i. rath ernir i fidh eirnidh loingsech no fogluid no feinniuth, O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18 393b . See 2 rath. ¤uball a wild apple, crab-apple: AFM iii 614.3 . fiad-ubull, Laws v 474.1 . meitis fiadubla `as large as wild apples' Dinds. 62 . míach fíadubull, BDD 85 .

3 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fíad or dil.ie/21887

 

n m. (development of 2 fíad )

I Uncultivated land, a waste spot: f.¤ .i. fo fhid, O'Mulc. 533 (prob. applies both to 2 and 3 fíad ). fiadh .i. fíadhántas, O'Cl. fiadh .i. fearann, ib. ( P. O'C. adds: `properly a wild woodland, wilderness '). nacha-reilic siar no sair | asind ḟiad hi tarrasair, SR 4788 (ref. to `locum angustum' Numbers xxii 26 ). ba caill ... in f.¤ mesta `the wild spot rich in mast' Metr. Dinds. iii 136 . an branar o théid a bfiadh `when once a fallow shall have run to weeds' O'Gr. Cat. 614.16 .

II In poetry with follg. gen., a territory, land: f.¤ finnḞódla, ZCP x 341.4 . fiadh na bhFionn (i.e. Ireland) TD 7.2 . tar cóig goirmḟiadhaibh Gaoidheal (i.e. provinces) 9.10 . triar nach facaidh fiadh a sean the land of their ancestors Keat. ii 4437 (poem). d'ḟiadh bhar sinnsear, Ó Bruad. iii 88 .

4 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 fíad or dil.ie/21888

 

prep in phr. (I) AR F.¤ before (cf. 1 fíad ): is de ata Belach nEca iar fiad ratha, Rawl. 132b53 = hi f.¤ r., Ériu iii 141.211 . ro ṡuidhestar ar mín Mhuighe hOi, ┐ ar fiadh Ratha Cruachan ` before ' ALC i 546.19 = Ann. Conn. 1309 § 3 (which omits ar ... hOi ┐). Cf. Tir Mudain ... .i. a dilsi do rig Caisil cach ni dogebad ar fiadh Mudain in la dogebad righe, O'Curry 846 (< H 3.18, 385a ).

5 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 fíad or dil.ie/21889

 

Forms: fiadha, fiada, féid, féid

n [u, m. ?] honour, respect, reverence , esp. the honour bestowed on a guest according to his rank: fiadh .i. airmitiu do cach fo gradh ┐ dar liumsa issí in comeirge hí: failti do cach hí coitchinni; ise [sin] in dethbir respect paid to each according to rank and methinks it is the rising (before him); `fáilte' (is given) to all in common O'Dav. 875 . Cf. tech i mbí fiadh is fáilte, Ériu xiii 40.11 . ní ḟuarusa f.¤ n-oíged the honour due to a guest TBC-LL¹ 926 . MacCongl. 23.24 . airm in-nā robai fiadh nā airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136.11 . (the wicked on Doomsday:) ní fuigbet fiadh ná failti, iii 30.4 . Fergus mac Rōich | di[a] dtart Meadbh fiadh is onōir `to whom M. gave respect and honour' Mórthimch. Erenn § 4 . g s. ni airmither h ... ar ni litir fiadha , Auraic. 4545 (not a letter of honour, being merely an aspiration?. Or not a present, i.e., visible letter? Cf. 1 fíad ). pl. tri fiada co n-anḟiad (i.e. three inhospitable welcomes), Triads 70 . Windisch, Wtb. s.v., sees a petrified d s. of this word in the phr. ar-muinethar (airmitiu) féid ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 80 , takes this féid for locative.

6 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 fíad or dil.ie/21890

 

n u, m. (cf. 1 fía and 1 fíada) a lord: fíadh .i. tighearna, fiadh maisi .i. as é tighearna na maise é O'Cl. (is this an etymological gloss. on Tigernmas ?). g s. (in B. na f.) aidchi fiado the eve of the Lord ZCP viii 102.12 = adhaigh Domhnaidh, Ériu ii 186.9 . do bochdaib an Fiatha, Aisl. Tond. 94 § 3 = ar bochtaib De, p. 121 .

7 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 fíad or dil.ie/21891

 

n (a variant of biad `food' ? But the word is doubtful) food: fiadh .i. biadh .i. ubhall ba fó fiadh .i. ubhall ba maith an biadh, O'Cl. (abhall ba fiadh fo `an apple which was good for food' P. O'C. ). The quot. is from Metr. Dinds. iii 144 : dercu ocus cnú ... ocus uball ba fó fíad (: chíar) ; `it was a goodly wilding' (see 2 fíad ) ; the phrase may be a cheville, cf. SR 7455 quoted under 1 fía. Cf. further: dom-airbir f.¤ fath, RC xxvi 16 § 17 , where Stokes gives as alternative renderings `thou yieldest to me the food of learning' and `thou humblest me before knowledge' (1 fíad ).