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ar-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fich or dil.ie/4111

 

Forms: airgal

v (* air-fich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521 )

(a) fights, does battle: arslaidh a n-áthu arfich a ngressu he fights their combats, LU 8313 ( FB 23 ). arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, 8347 (ib. 24 ). arfich far n-áthu ┐ far n-irgala, Comp. CC 8.24 (`he wins your (fights in the) fords', Gloss.). fer fiaclach caille, cullach arfich tréd, O'D. 2201 (Nero A vii, 140a). tricha cath ba clothach n-oll / arfich arm Illand ṅgorm, LL 6085 . ardafich he fights (overcomes?) them, ZCP xii 235 § 52 . ? coarfichbem coemchlanna Carpri cosa (rhet.), Corp. Gen. 79.13 .

(b) overcomes, vanquishes: arfiuch fuili `I vanquish blood' (a charm), Thes. ii 249.7 . arfich tola tothlai `that vanquishes urgent desires', Fél. Apr. 15 . arfich gāis gail wisdom overcomes valour, Anecd. iii 13.18 (= Tec. Corm. § 15.2 ). in tṡluaig tictís dia thaichmi / arfigtís a glan-graifni `conquered its bright races', Metr. Dinds. iii 2.7 .

Vn. airgal.

1 do-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-fich or dil.ie/17637

 

Forms: n[o]mdichim-se, dufichi, nisndig, diagar-ni, deich, codufess, dufe, codufessar, arnamderustar, dersamis, dofestais, dufí, dufiastar, dufesatar, dofessind, daruich, doroacht, anduruacht, diachtae, diachtí, dígal

v (* di-fich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521 ) punishes ; avenges. Indic. pres. 1 s. n[o]mdichim-se form náimtea gl. me de aduersariis uindico, Ml. 38c21 (nim-, Facs., cf. Thes. i. 719 ). ganad cumma difichim a n-enechgresa ulie, ZCP iii 236 . 2 s. dufichi gl. uindicantem, Ml. 71b18 . 3 s. is bésad inna flatho doem et d.¤ , Wb. 9d2 . hore dofeich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . isindí d.¤ a peccad for cách, 15a16 . dufich tar ǽsi pectha inna naithre He punishes for the sins . . ., Ml. 123d8 . intí d.¤ gl. ulciscatur, 19d3 . uindicando .i. lase d.¤ dia fornancridesi for cách, 115b13 . nisndig He does not punish them, 24b17 . teora gua ata moam dafich Dia for cach tuaith, Laws iv 52.24 (= O'Dav. 901 ) .i. is mesa indechas Dia, 27 . tri pecaid ata moam d.¤ Dia for cach duine .i. is mo fuachtnaiges Dia for duine, O'Dav. 993 . is é d.¤ a n-olc dognither friu, Ériu ii 194 § 5 . dafích dias dia muntir, ZCP ix 192. 30 . Pass. ol nach[an] diagar-ni gl. quod non uindicamur, Ml. 101c16 . do-fechar ó Día co nómad nóe, ZCP xi 85 § 38 . fofera mór n-uilc sund, fo secht sechtdiabul dofechar tall, ib. Ipv. 2 s. deich tarm chenn, Ml. 72d11 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. codufess gl. ad ulciscendum, Ml. 44a9 . tair limsa co ndérais (.i. coro digla), LU 1530 ( MU² 1033 ). 3 s. ci dufe na cinta sin, Ériu xvi 182 § 33 . With -ro-: cia do-rae a cinta, O'Curry 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). dera .i. digail, ut est aire echta is é side condera a gresa cen cumsanad .i. co ro derb digla in grisa, O'Dav. 637 . Pass. codufessar that he be punished, Ml. 32c20 . ? co ndiglaib dianaib dergib derastar .i. diasduir (sic leg., Stokes), O'Dav. 594 . arnamderustar, Anecd. iii 29.2 . Impf. 1 pl. brissem fír fer forsin lōech dūs in dersamis ar sāeth to see if we might be able to avenge . . ., ZCP iii 45.14 . Pass. pl. dofestais gl. uindicari, Ml. 29c7 . Fut. 3 s. dufí .i. duema són gl. uindicabit, Ml. 67c5 . Pass. nach dualaig dungena dufiastar fair, 129b4 . dufiastar t[a]ra cennsom, 27c4 . mani thibreat (viz. cath) nīcon dīastar foraib co brāth, TBC-I¹ 2981 . tofesar gním guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 . ? digfiter dilfitir . . . cach ina olc dib, Lec. 345b4 ( ZCP x 39.35 ). (of Doomsday) dofiter digfiter uan tenid teind there will be burning and vengeance (?), 345a40 ( ZCP x 39.27 ). pl. ar dufesatar asennad they will be punished at last, Ml. 24b19 . Condit. 1 s. dofessind, RC xxv 226.2 .

Perf. 3 s. acht daruich .i. Dia gl. vindicatus est, Ml. 43d19 . ? Cathal deichmo-dere[i]ch C. best avenged him, RC xvii 188.27 (= dechmon derich .i. ro oirc, AFM i 260.4 ). co nderaig, RC xxi 401.14 . Pass. doroacht gl. est . . . vindicatum, Ml. 98d9 . anduruacht gl. vindicatus `when he was avenged', 43d11 . inta[n] doroacht forsna pecthachu a clóine when the sinners were punished for their iniquity, 38d8 . is forrae fadisin doroacht, Tur. 79 . Part. diachtae. Vbl. of necess. diachtí. Vn. dígal. IGT Verbs § 124 .

2 do-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-fich or dil.ie/17638

 

Forms: dudfich, dofechat, dofec[h]air, dondafius, dofias, toissed, dufesed, nachatoirsitis, toachtae, togail

v (* to-fich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521 ) attacks, fights; conquers, takes by storm. Indic. pres. 3 s. fochairt allaili mbeasti amail leoman dudfich ┐ nad dingne erchoad do, RC xi 446.2 . dofechat a ndún ar écin, IT ii2 214.61 . Pass. dofec[h]air cath amnas etorro, ib. Fut. 1 s. lase dondafius gl. bellando, when I shall vanquish them, Ml. 126c19 . dofias, LL 122b45 . Subj. impf. 3 s. mani toissed gl. nisi debellasset, unless he had conquered, Ml. 40d13 . dufesed gl. (Hirusalem volens) oppugnare, 33b12 . 3 pl. ar nachatoirsitis that they might not take it, 48d27 . Pret. 3 pl. it é dofhichsedar (dofithsedar, MS.) Indsi nDerglacha for Rudraige mac mB., ZCP viii 561.12 . Part. toachtae. Vn. togail. IGT Verbs § 47 .

3 do-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 do-fich or dil.ie/17639

 

v = 2 fichid: da ngrúad d.¤ uiblich tened, FB § 51 ( LU 8677 ). d.¤ ruithen serci na dreich glows , IT i 310.36 .

1 fích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fích or dil.ie/21974

 

Forms: f., ḟícha, fichaib

n m. and n. (Lat. vicus) a village ; a rural district, indefinite stretch of land: f.¤ (gl. municipium) Sg. 53a12 . o f.¤ (gl. a pago) 37b21 . cusin (n-ua)sal(fích) (gl. ad Areopagum, Acts xvii 19 ) Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182a2 ). fich .i. a uico .i. ārus, O'Mulc. 530 . f.¤ .i. ferann, Cóir Anm. 102 . O'Cl. (fioch). fic .i. fearand, ut est, dia roib a fich na gaite, O'Curry 570 . (< H 3.18, 285 ) = O'Curry 2041 (< H 4.22, 60b ). tar fic .i. tir, Laws iv 126.16 Comm. tar fich no tar tir, O'Dav. 967 . `fich' is `grian' fearann a bfad, Metr. Gl., D 9 . Uilla Gamaliélis, f.¤ comfocus sin do Ierusalem, PH 1519 . conice in fich dianad ainm hImmaus, 6704 . g s. Sebasten ainm in ḟícha in ro adnacit, 927 = ainm in fich aradnaiced, Fél. 190.14 . In wider sense : i fich Maige Murthemne, RC xiv 400.25 ( LL 107bx ). bitís ... oc airitiud a cethra hi ḟich slebi Cille, PH 1031 . Cf. hi fích in mara ac Muireisc, Metr. Dinds. iii 428.24 . hi f.¤ Muirisc, 428.37 . Brigit i fich Mane LL 368g48 . ? is aróen imréidmis | imthéigmis cach f.¤ TBC-LL¹ 3468 = TBC-I¹ 2657 (`Kampf' Wind., see 2 fích ). cuirrich a curribus .i. fich carpait, Corm. Y 360 (= cuirrech ... .i. o chairpthib, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 ). pl. i fichaib slebi Coreb on the skirts of Mount Horeb SR 3782 . baí 'na fichaib, 4011 (: críchaib). gabsat 'na fíchaib thall thair settled in their lands Metr. Dinds. iii 164.15 . Cf. the n.l. Fích mBuana, LL 166b21 . Dinds. 106 . Metr. Dinds. iv 180 .

2 fích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fích or dil.ie/21975

 

Forms: fichi

n i (?), u, m. feud, enmity, anger, resentment: bái f.¤ do-sede do grés iar tain fri Macc C. `he always had a feud with M.' BDD 147 . is de sin roboí f.¤ bunaid etir maccu Morna ┐ Find a hereditary feud LU 3183 ( RC ii 90.5 ). fássaidh tnūth ... ┐ f.¤ adbul iter Poimp ┐ Iuil Cesair, CCath. 222 . ruc Ailill breith ... ba mór a ḟ.¤ oc Mac Con Mac C. resented it greatly (?) LL 27b27 . f.¤ an duilemhan risna dóeinib, RC xxiv 379.4 . f.¤ na fer re cís the men's resentment of tribute BCC § 275 . ro gab fíoch ┐ format mór iad, Cog. 84.19 . mar cleith for a bhf.¤ ┐ naimdinus `as a protection against their feud' Marco P. 46 . atáid lán d'ḟíoch an Tighearna fury Isaiah li 20 . ó'd chonnairc D., ... ┐ fíoch feirge fair furiously angry Ériu i 93.25 . fíoch troda ar gach droing TD 12.7 . fioch na trén-duilighe `paroxysm of sorrow' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 . ? cath for Airgiallo i f.¤ Fiachrach `in vengeance for F.' Arch. Hib. ii 61.30 ( LL 183a8 ). g s. fo ... chomgráin ... a fichi ┐ a ferggi, LL 232b40 ( TTr. 1156 ). le rómhéad a ḟíocha ┐ a ḟeirge, CF 219 Eg. g p. Etarba na fích fuilech of bloody feuds Metr. Dinds. iii 304.17 . Compds. With adj. : ¤innsaigthech aggressive, pugnacious: in flaithḟēinnid f., Fianaig. 78.10 . fíochmhálla ` slow to anger ' (furious but gentle ?) TD 26.18 . ¤miscnech cherishing anger and hatred: treturach fichmisgnech, ZCP vi 286.30 . cath fichmeiscneach, Duan. F. i 88.27 . aingideacht f., Fl. Earls 124.6 . With subst. : ¤námha fierce enemy Studies 1919, 256 . ¤nim venomous wrath: teacht le fíochnimh, Oss. vi 202.10 . ¤rúathar a furious onset ML 86.32 .

fo-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-fich or dil.ie/22676

 

Forms: fofich, fofith, fodafith, -fuich, -fuith, fofechat, -fuichit, -forais, forroi, forae, fofesat, fofeisit, foruasat, forriasat, foroesad, rofessed, -forruích, foruich, foruich, forfuich, forruachtatar, foruachtatar, fofechar, fo echar, -fuachar, fofeisear, -fuastar, -fuasdar, forruastar

v ind. pres. 3 s. fofich, Laws iv 362.16 . BCrólige § 23 . O'Dav. 929 . Cáin Ad. § 35 . ZCP xi 87. § 48 . fofith, Laws ii 22.27 Comm. Cf. fodafith, v 462.2 . -fuich, ACC § 129 (-fuaith v.l.). -fuith, Laws v 462.1 . 3 pl. fofechat, 404.22 . -fuichit, Bürgschaft I § 47 . subj. pres. perf. 2 s. of. -forais, Ériu xii 186.6 . 3 s. (perf.) forroi, Laws iv 220.12 . forae, iii 66.15 . O'D. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). 3 pl. fofesat, O'Curry 700 (< H 338 ). fofeisit, O'Curry 2142 (< Eg. 88 2 ). (perf.:) foruasat, O'Curry 219 (< H 3.18, 115 ). Cf. forriasat, O'Curry 700 (< H 3.18, 338 ). ? past 3 s. foroesad, Corm. Bodl. s.v. Mug eme (forsesed Y, rofessed, Harl. See also s.v. fo-fúasna). perf. 3 s. -forruích, LU 7013 ( BDD 66 = foruich Y). foruich, LL 261b9 ( IT i 81.5 . forfuich Eg.). ? pl. forruachtatar, Corm. Y 876 . Bodl. = foruachtatar , O'Dav. 1223 . Pass. pres. s. fofechar, ZCP xi 87 § 48 . rel. fo echar, Cáin Ad. § 43 . -fuachar, Laws i 256.9 . BCrólige § 11 (-ur). subj. pres. s. ? fofeisear, Laws iv 144.32 - 3 Comm . Cf. -fuastar, 376z . -fuasdar, v 462.2 . forruastar, ii 396.31 . ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 ). BCrólige § 44 . Part. foachta, q.v. Vn. fogal q.v.; see also fúachtain.

(a) trespasses, commits an offence, does injury , intrans. or with cogn. acc., FRI of pers.; common in Laws where it is generally glossed by fúachtnaigid or a phrase formed with fúachtain: ciasa cathach fofich cū fri tir ... ? what trespass does a hound commit on the land ? Laws iv 120.15 . ma forae neach cinuid n-ainceas, `if one has committed a crime unintentionally' iii 66.15 . nach fuil ales fiacha ... ni dligh focruic leada on fir fodafich any wound which entails fines does not oblige payment of the leech by the man who inflicts it BCrólige § 19 . ind fir fofich `of the man who commits the injury' (.i. roferustar in cneid ... .i. doni an fuachtain) § 23 . folach for fer nad fuic(h), § 15 . direnar triun dire neich frisa ḟuachur (.i. ... risa ndentar an fuachtain), § 11 . atat .iii. mna ... nad alet ot[h]rus ... cia forruastar friu, § 44 . cia forruastar fria, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 ( Laws ii 396 ). atat .iiii. fogla fofich cach ben fria cele, O'Dav. 929 . di cach fogail ... fofechar fris, Laws iii 536.8 . cip foghail forae cach díbh fri araile, O'D. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). ma[d] fri neithe fofeisear if the offence be committed against privileged persons Laws iv 144.32 Comm. = fri neimte, O'Curry 32 (< H 3.18, p. 13b ). ? i fuissed fael allaid for oisc, O'Curry 227 ( H 3.18, p. 123a ) = a fuirrecht faol allaidh for oisc, O'Curry 2512 . (< Eg 88, 42 a - b ). ni forrúich (foruich Y, furaich D, marbann, Eg.) mac tíre ina flaith acht tárag firend ..., BDD 66 (U). nad foruich an cintuch in cinaid that the defendant has not committed the offence Anecd. iii 24.14 . di pecad etraid foriacht-aide, Trip. 234.15 ( foruich-ide, 2775 ). fo-fechar (fo-feich-, fo-sechar MSS) cairde huaitsiu ... roga ... dochum na fine fod-ruich the border contract is broken by thee. I shall go to the kindred who have broken it Bürgschaft p. 32 § 1 . cuir bél doerdae ni fuichit fine common express contracts do not injure (form a liability of) the kindred, p. 14 § 47 . see also s.v. fo-roich.

(b) attacks , with acc.: cumma fofiched muir ┐ tir (of a `banféinnid'), Rawl. 143a33 . Perh. abs. here; ravages by sea and by land ? ni fuachar muir ... .i. nocha tabair fodiubadh ar in muir, O'Curry 1424 (< H 3.18, p. 639b ).