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do-fúapair, -fúabair , -fóbair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúapair, -fúabair , -fóbair or dil.ie/17696

Forms: dosfōpair, dofarfobrit, doforbairt, torpartar, torpartatar, donuapērat

v (*to-fo-uss-ber-)

(a) Trans. attacks, assails. Indic. pres. 3 s. dosfōpair thra ind [N]emain lasodain, TBC-I¹ 211 . (of a bull) dofōbair . . . a ndūnud, 880 . dofobair ittu mor inni C., YBL 180a9 , BB 259b42 . Cf. forbair . . . .i. dofhóbair, O'Cl. 3 pl. dofarfobrit in tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 3220 . Perf. 3 s. doforbairt Aedh ┐ Flann an dunadh i n-aithchi, AU 859 . dosfúabart (dosfuabairt, v.l.) cassar mór and a great hail-storm drove down on them there, Imr. Brain i 56.12 . do forbartt (-bairt, v.l.) fergg íarom friu anger against them attacked him (?), Trip.² 1302 . 3 pl. do dēcsin Ulad dūs in torpartar (= torpartatar) in mag, TBC-I¹ 3100 . mani torpartadar, 3102 . id e torpartatar in fid, 3119 . Fut. 3 pl. bith condalb donuapērat lāith gaili fer nUlad in dīairmi it will be with the affection of kinsmen they will attack the countless host, TBC-I¹ 3382 . With change of preverb: atafoprat oc éicmig impu began screaming at them, Immrama 544 .

(b) Intrans. rushes in, charges, advances (in hostile manner): tofóbair cucai (viz. in tarb) co mbert a inathar as for a beandaib, TBC-I¹ 879 (cofóbair, YBL). dofōbair dochom Fergusa timchell in chatha, 3622 . tofobairt . . . Senach Siabortha ┐ ferait morgleó, LU 3789 ( SCC § 36 ). doforbartatar issin tulaig, IT iii 238.116 . dufuburt gaeth wind set in, Rawl. B 512, 35c20 (Plummer MS. notes).

fo-fúabair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-fúabair or dil.ie/22683

x see fúabair .

fúabair , fóbair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúabair , fóbair or dil.ie/24587

Forms: fúaibr-, fóibr-, forrubart, fuabair, fuaiprem, foipremm, fobraid, fúabair, fofuabair, fon-uabair, fobair, fa n ópair, fon ópair, fuabre, -forbara, -foiberam, tusfúabart, foopurt, forobart, -barópairt, for ópair, foróbair, forḟopair, forḟobair, foruapratar, ruapartadar, forḟópartatar, barḟópartatar, barrobratar, forropartar, fuabairthe, fóbr-, fúabr-, fóibr-, fuapraid, foibrid, fuabbrait, fobret, foibéara, fuaibera, fúaberad, ḟóibérad, foibertais, fuapras, -foibres, fuabrais, ḟuabair, fobair, rodasfopair, fuabrabar, ḟuaipertar, ḟóbratar, fobairset, foibredar, opratar, orbsat, orbsadar, fuaprad, fuaprait, foroprait, forbairt, forbairt, fororbairt, forbraís, obraim, ro-opair, opredar, foropradar, forbairt, foróbairt, fuaprait

v (-ber- ; cf. do-fúabair ) syncopated form fúaibr-, fóibr-. Not found in Glosses, with the doubtful exception of forrubart, gl. torsit Enchir. Aug. 75a ZCP vii 482.2 , see note, ib. p. 489 . Mid. Ir. forms :— Ipv. 2 s. fuabair LB 205b39 . pl. 1 fuaiprem, LL 250a9 = foipremm, ZCP iv 39 . 2 fobraid, BB 482b3 ( Aen. 2991 ).

pres. 3 s.

(a) fúabair , LU 3641 . fofuabair, fon-uabair, YBL 117a30 ( IT ii1 183.240 ) Ériu v 242.6 , ZCP x 343y .

(b) fobair, LU 4932 . fa n ópair 4950 . fon ópair, LL 276a19 .

pres. subj. 2 s. fuabre (fuabra v.l.), Ériu i 194.1 . perf. -forbara, LL 125bz . fut. pl. 1 -foiberam, Lism. L. 1977 .

pret. and perf. ind. 3 s.

(a) Cf. tusfúabart, LU 11037 .

(b) foopurt, H 3.18, 361b32 ( RC xxv 346.1 ). forobart, LU 10696 . -barópairt, TBC-LL¹ 2093 .

(b). s- pret. forms: for ópair, LU 3922 . LL 256a39 . foróbair, 108b40 . forḟopair, 257b10 . forḟobair, 254b48 .

pl. 3

(a) foruapratar, Anecd. ii 54.12 . fus ruapartadar , AU 916 (i 434.10) .

(b) forḟópartatar, TBC-LL¹ 5255 . barḟópartatar, 5038 (= torpartatar TBC-I¹ 5119 , see do-fúabair ). barrobratar, 1564 . forropartar AU 869 .

Pass. pret. pl. da fuabairthe , LL 206a22 . For vn. see fópairt.

In later manuscripts commonly treated as a simple verb with stem fóbr- fúabr-, and later also fóibr- : pres. s. 3 fuapraid, LL 209a19 . foibrid, RC xiii 6.15 . pl. 3 fuabbrait LL 252a41 . nos fobret , LU 1595 . fut. s. 2 foibéara, Aithd. D. 7.22 . 3 fuaibera, Grail 1086 . sec. fut. s. 3 rar fúaberad ni, TBC-LL¹ 5115 . nó ḟóibérad , Hugh Roe 100.22 (f. 27a) . pl. no foibertais , 42.6 (11b) . pret. and perf. 1 s. ro fuapras , Grail 2313 . -foibres, ZCP vi 63.15 . 2 ro fuabrais , Grail 589 . 3 ro ḟuabair , LB 147b37 . Stair Erc. 1334 . ro fobair , LL 397a10 ( rofuabair, TTr.² 9 ). rodasfopair, TBC-LL¹ 2503 . pl. 2 ro fuabrabar , Grail 1036 , 3 ro ḟuaipertar , LL 304a31 . ro ḟóbratar , PH 2402 . fobairset, 2469 . ro foibredar (v.l. ro opratar ), TTebe 3167 . Cf. ro orbsat , ro orbsadar , cited s.v. for-fen (b). Pass. perf. ro fuaprad , LL 162b33 . ra fuaprait , 262b47 .

Occasionally spelled as though a compd. with for- : 3 pl. pres. foroprait, LL 254b45 . 3 s. pret. forbairt, LB 213b56 . do forbairt , AU 859 . fororbairt, LB 215a21 . Cf. ro forbraís (2 sg.) ZCP iii 33.3 .

Initial f is sometimes omitted in lenited forms : ní obraim , Keat. iii 1932 , cf. 1942 . ro-opair, TTebe 2523 , 3195 . ro opredar , 3507 .

Sometimes with to- (do, da) prefixed, cf. do-fúabair .

(a) falls upon, assails, attacks (a person or place) : dos-fúabart cassar mór, Imr. Brain i 56.12 (= tusfúabart, LU 11037 ). da fúabair galar, LU 10593 = do phuabbair, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 37 § 4 n. 24 . forsn-opair ┐ benaid a cenn di, Ériu xii 160.4 (= fosnobair .i. ro innsaigh, ZCP v 524 ). gabaidh bar n-armu ... ┐ fobraidh na firu, Aen. 2991 . fanópair som ... ┐ dobeir a chend ... lais, LU 4950 . dusn-icfa Flann ... is condae fonfuabair, ZCP x 343y . foruapratar ... in cathraig, Anecd. ii 54.12 . forropartar Laigin dunadh Cerbaill, AU 869 = foropradar, AFM i 512 . cionnus no foibertais a namhaitt, Hugh Roe 42.6 . Passing into sense attempts, essays: barropratar in nGlassi tried to cross TBC-LL¹ 1564 . See (d).

(b) in sense makes for, rushes (at), speeds, hurries (occasionally intrans.) : fon-uabair fesin sis isin cath, Ériu v 242 . co forbart Dauid ... co leomain na lonnbaga, SR 5721 . bes is cuice forobart in ben, LU 10696 (= Ériu xii 158z ). fofuabair amach rushes out IT ii1 183 . fóbair a n-armach speeds to the battle-field LU 4932 . fuaiprem inna degaid let us hurry after him LL 250a9 ( TBFr. § 15 ). tanic buiden ... isin tulaig ... is borrfadach forḟópartatar in tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5255 (= is tailc dondechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 ). is tailc forrópartatar in tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5294 (= is borrfadach dofarfobrit, TBC-I¹ 3220 ).

(c) intrans. folld. by oc or FOR (AR) and vn., falls to (doing something), begins, sets about: fobair .i. do thionnsgain, fóbair ag feughain na hinghine, O'Cl. forópair oc dogru, LU 3922 ( SCC 44 ). foróbair cach díb ic folmaisi gona araile, LL 108b40 ( RC xiv 408 ). fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, ACL iii 5.1 . forḟopair ... ind ingen ic fegad gilla Connacht, TFerbe 585 ( LL 257b10 ). forfobair for a thaffond ib. TFerbe 224 ( LL 254bx ). gur fhobair [in sinnach] for ithe a liubair, Lism. L. 4051 . fuabraid for nemeli moir, Aen. 2599 . nos-fobret ... ind oic for togail in duni, LU 1595 . forópair C. ar gressacht a muntire, TFerbe 395 ( LL 256a39 ). fuabraid ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116 .

(d) trans. with vn. or equivalent as obj., attempts (to do something), begins, proceeds to (usual later use) : fúaprait tochailt in talman, Metr. Dinds. iii 250 . ni forbara anfōt do rād, LL 125bz . fuaratar crand ... fuabrait a búain, Moling 34 . forbairt [ = foróbairt] cantain a shalm, MacCongl. 13.7 . ro ḟobbair imthecht, Ériu vii 2.4 . dá bhfóbrainn imtheacht, Aithd. D. 48.20 . ro fuabair M. lenamain dia coraib attempted to adhere to their agreements TTr.² 9 . dia ndernadh in gnim ro fhuapair, ZCP iv 383.12 . in tan ro ḟopairset mebuil for Samsón, LB 127a46 . fuabrais troscud ... for Brenaind, ACL iii 4.30 . forforbairt I. a bandail, ┐ ni forfaem D. dó, Dinds. 24 (= BB 364b ). ro fhōpair E. ... āra ┐ ilēchta ar gasradaib Grēc, TTebe 2856 . ro ōpair ... gleo garb, 3195 . Brian nar óbair ḟeall B. who never contemplated treachery DDána 80 § 37 ( IGT III ex. 412 ). do uabair na sluaigh do dhibhragadh, ZCP viii 544.15 . na saoithe ... nár ḟóbradar solus do thabhairt dóibh did not attempt to enlighten them Keat. i 74.7 . ro ḟóbairsiot ... an baile do bhardacht attempted to defend AFM vi 2008 . sé d'iomlaoid nár ḟóbrobhair `thou hast never attempted to barter' TD 27.24 . ro fhorbhair in a menmain é badhdein ┐ a chomhmaim ... do dol resolved that he himself and his wife would go Fl. Earls 222.14 . Pass. i n-oenlo ra fuaprait ┐ i n-oenlo rapsat irlama (the works were begun) LL 262b47 ( MU² 149 ). ro fúaprad a selg `the hunters set to chase them' Metr. Dinds. iii 384 .

Cf. nocha bēra lat an ētāil roforbrais (= fuarais, BNnÉ 311 ) ZCP iii 33.3 .

(e) in late Mid. Ir. and mod. language in past tense folld. by vn., or subj. (sec. fut.) was on the point of, was near (doing), all but (did), often in impers. construction : do fobair dul ar cuthach (v.l. do gab miri mōr hē) he nearly went mad Fier. 167 . Cf. dídean eón d'fóbair dul uaithe that would have flown away Hackett xxi 21 . do ḟóbair gu ndernaind dermad (neminnscne do ḟóbair in uair sin) I nearly forgot (f. is impersonal there) IGT III ex. 411 . ge tharla gur fhobair go tteigemadh sgiursad although there had nearly been a disaster Fl. Earls 68.13 . ní fár fhóbair éag dise a cause for which she was near dying Ó Bruad. ii 116 . Cf. mod. (ba) d'fhóbair (dhóbair) dó he nearly ...

In `do ḟóbair' the latter word can rime with itself : do ḟ., cóir do chomardadh ris féin, IGT III § 46 .