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fithnais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithnais or dil.ie/22256

Forms: fithnaisi

n apparently some kind of sorcery or malefic magic: fidbae .i. fithnaisi, O'Mulc. 534 (see 2 fidba). fiothnaise .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. fiothnaisi .i. fí re a innsin .i. olc no neimh ib. (cf. fí ré indisi, O'Dav. 946 ). ag ... nacha traetha teidm fithnaisi na galar `a calf ... not killed by fairy-plague or other disease' Laws ii 238.12 , expld. by O'Dav. 946 as: galar gairet a short sickness; prob. a wasting disease induced by witchcraft is meant, see ZCP xiv 347 , 349 . treghat fithnaisi (.i. draoidhecht) ó dheamhnaibh ... co rolá ár ndaoine, AFM 986 = fiadhnach, RC xvii 345 (Tig.). fithnaise [pl. ?] Fuamnaige ┐ brechtai Bresail, LU 10776 (= fithnaissiu, IT i 127 Eg. fithnaisi, Ériu xii 170 ). feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65 .

Cf. ni ḟolaig acht feth fithnais (: glais), Acall. 7916 (`a magic veil' SG ii 262 ). tucad fethana fithnais do chrannuibh ar sleg (féth fithnaisi v.l.), Acall. 722 (`charmed withies' SG ii 118 ). crann sleigi atá acum, ┐ is ail dam feth fithṡnaissi do thabairt duitsiu fair `a magical smoothening' (Notes) Acall. 4894 (fiach fithnaissi; fiacha a thsnoighe v.l.). Cf. féthsnas, under 4 féth.

The follg. exx. are obscure; perhaps fithisse is the true reading in both: fithnaisi gach nolc iarmobi triar, Laws iv 378.12 (a legal maxim), expld. = fithnisi .i. menip maith in fer, a athair ┐ a tsenathair is fithisi [sic] uilc a mac sum iarum, O'Curry 2027 (< H 4.22, 52 ), ib. O'Curry 451 - 452 (< H 3.18, 241 ).