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for-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-fen or dil.ie/23605
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: forfiun, forfen, farfia, forfiat, forthui, -chui, forruchui, fororba, forfenar, -forbanar, burorbaither, forcuad, farrochuad, foirbthe, forbe, forba, forb-, forbait, forban-

(*fen-, BBCS xxvi 447 ) O.Ir. forms: ind. pres. 1 s. forfiun (gl. anclo = perficio) Sg. 143a4 . 3 s. forfen Ml. 64c2 . pres. subj. 3 s. co farfia (gl. ut ... impleat) 55c16 . 3 pl. forfiat, 23a19 (gl. explicare). pret. 3 s. (with perfective -com-) forthui (leg. -chui) 33a18 . forruchui 121c24 (gl. conficit). Later fororba, Trip.² 355 (34.17) . Pass. pres. s. forfenar, Tur. 45 . -forbanar, Wb. 14d27 . Sg. 148a11 . (perfective) ho burorbaither , Ml. 15a6 (see GOI 379 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr., l.c. ). perf. s. (with -com-) forcuad Tur. 49 . farrochuad (gl. confecta est), Enchir. Aug. 67b . part. 1 forbaide q.v.; as adj. foirbthe. vn. forbe, forba (later also forbad). Later treated as simple vb., stem forb- (3 pl. pr. forbait, Tec. Corm. xvi 86 ), occas. forban-.

(a) finishes, completes, brings to an end: gl. conficere, consummare, perficere. biid intinnscann ... and ┐ ní forbanar, Sg. 148a11 . forcuad [ó Christ] in gním tindarscain Iohain, Tur. 49 . in crut[h] forcuad crochad Crist, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 2 . o fororbaí P. a immram (= consummato navigio) Trip. 34.17 (355) . ro fhorbustar tra G. a martra i n-ocht Kalaind Mái, PH 1438 . indiu ... ro forbsatar ... a cath, 1919 . o ro forb ... Achil in ngním-sa, TTr.² 1199 (= ro forp, LL 406b6 ). ríasíu no forbaitáis ... brath na cathrach, TTr.² 1784 . caín cing fororba a ré ended his days LL 132a36 . ... roforbai a bethaid ó gasti = qui sibi laqueo vitam extorsit Lat. Lives 91 . is annsin ... ro forbhanadh an la aca, BNnÉ 24 § 7 . fororbaide laithi inna caínti (= consumpti sunt) Trip.² 1163 . ro thinnscain ... in Félire ann sin ... i Tamlachtain immorro ro forbad, Fél. 10.9 . as les ro tionnscnadh teampal tobair P. ┐ roforbaidh, AFM iii 218.6 . In pass., ends, terminates: cia son in nach forbaider focol ? what sound is it in which no word ends ? Auraic. 253 . ni a nguthagoiph forpaigter they do not end in a vowel-sound 3007 . Intrans.: is i ndialt forbanus duan, BB 297b24 (= forcenda, IT iii 11 § 15 ). a recomarc forbanait, BB 297a47 (= forcennat, IT iii 9 § 10 ).

(b) fulfils, achieves (a duty, task, etc.): suthain cach flaith lasa forbaithear fír, ACL iii 230.146 . ba tria gaisced ... co forbeth a [ḟ]laith fuiltiugh `his ... rule was achieved' Fianaig. 30.12 . fell ḟinghal ná forbat sum orm-sa, MR 304.22 . ? ro orbsat in da Aed a n-imbualad, 244.6 , cf. debaid ro orbsadar de, 246 [ = roḟobairset, -sedar ?]

(c) puts an end to, uses up, destroys (but the following may belong rather to for-ben: ro forbad a fōir is rotoglad Babiloin its garrison was destroyed ZCP iii 19.8 ( Rawl. 74b25 ). L. is C. ... díb ra forbad Flathbertach, LL 130a46 .