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fostad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fostad or dil.ie/24123
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fostadh, fastadh, fostúd, fostada

n u, m. a development of fastód < astud (ad-suid-), perh. influenced by 1 fosta; variant of fastód q.v. Cf. ostud LU 9614 ( ZCP iii 208 ). fostadh fastadh, IGT III 80 .

(a) holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): dot fastad eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 (= astad, Ériu ii 222 ). atá cómarli lim. ol M. fastud in trir churad út ocaind innocht, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). ni ro ḟétsat mfastud sa occo issind aer, LL 273bz . inda gabail nó inda fostud isna hordaib `in receiving them or in confirming them in orders' Mon. Tall. § 4 (= da ccongmhail, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). d'ḟosdadh na bhfileadh to retain Content. xxviii 8 . fan leic níor bh' fhéidir th'fhosdadh they could not keep Thee 'neath the tomb Dán Dé xxviii 30 . cin caemactain fastuda `without the power of restraining him' Laws iii 136y . doroine C. in rann la fostud Mochuta (= while he restrained M) ZCP iii 33z . chuires na heich ... tar a n-ais d'fosdadh an tuarasdail d'ais nó d'éigen, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.18 : `compel acceptance of the stipend,' `to retain the subsidy', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 179 , of two kings each of whom is attempting to bind the other's allegiance by gifts, to make him his vassal. ig fastadh na grēne fri dib laithib i nDarbri BB 266a17 ( ZCP xiv 155 ). beg slóig dosiac[h]t ... as gan ḟosdagh cas (v.l. cos) do thuill a thuarasdol (i.e. without being killed ? But perh. the literal sense is meant; the next line suggests a ref. to the sense `hire'), Ériu iv 226 . Esp. of checking or obstructing an enemy: ic fostud ┐ oc imḟuiriuch int ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 , ac fostod etc. 4645 = fostúd, 2899 ( trēnastud, 3195 ). ro gab 'ca fostud ┐ ca n-imfuireach, CCath. 2646 . Of restraining a demoralized army: cur mebaid ar guth in Ardrig oca f.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 . d'fastudh [-udh ?] na luinge, CCath. 2084 . ba múr ... dar cend Cesair ic f.¤ Poimp, 3641 (= stat ... pro Caesare murus, Pompeiumque tenet Luc. Phars. vi 201 ). cor chuindigh ni di d'ḟastadh a nErinn `asked for some of it to keep in Ireland' RC xviii 43w . In middle sense: ba lind garg cen glanfostud `without bright tranquillity' Metr. Dinds. iii 460 . conach rainic acu gan f.¤ don abainn acht mad a treoin (= only their strong men could cross without being stopped by the river) Celt. Rev. iv 206.29 . gan fostadh re haon without hindering anyone Keat. Poems 1416 . g s. fosta lat éssi fostada th'echraidi, LL 110a20 ( RC xiv 418 ). Ath in ḟostada ... Ath fostada Féinde Find where F.'s fianna were stayed Acall. 4980 . éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 .

(b) fixing, establishing: ar fostogh ar cadaigh ┐ ar caradraig, ZCP x 301x . Cf. im thráth nóna ... is and fastud na flede `Feststellung' TFerbe 808 (= costad, IT iii 549.15 , see note ib. p. 546 ).

(c) retaining (in service), engaging, hiring (of soldiers) = fastód: fear na bhféineadh d' ḟosdadh | S. ar dtús thug tuarasdal engager of mercenaries Content. xviii 105 . amhsa mhór ... do ḟosdadh la S. `took many mercenaries into his service' AFM v 1678.4 . daoine uaisle ... go ccéd do saighdiuiribh amaille friú do beith ar fosttadh ag Ua C. `were hired by' vi 2136 . triallaid ... go Connachtaibh ... mar a bḟuaradar fáilte ┐ fostadh where they were welcomed and taken into service IT ii2 149 = fastódh, Keat. ii 3008 .

Transf. of the stipend: do dhén `fastód bliadna rit. ca mhét th' asto ? ar in rí. proinn ceta dhamh cach n-aidhche ..., LB 278a68 .

(d) concrete a stay, support: sduaga ┐ fostada piers (of a bridge) Marco P. 100 . fostadha ... na cath-craisech ` shafts ' MR 254.19 . as amlaid ata mo rightech … a taebhain ┐ a fhosdadha ┐ a chupladha, do crannaibh ceitim iad, prop, buttress Celtica ii 125.174 (Letter of Prester John) .

(e) Med.: labrum anois d'fostad brond na mban, Irish Texts v 16.29 . constipation : da mbía fostog air, Rosa Angl. 84.13 = si fuerit constipatus.

See fastód.