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Cite this: eDIL s.v. fostaid or

Forms: fastaid, fastód, fostaid, fostaid, fastaid, fastoid, astaid, fastand, -astand, fostá, fastō, -fostba, nom-fostfa-sa, ro-fost, fast, dn-ast, rofasta, ro fasto, ro fosdadh, -aidh, rofastad, fosta, fastaitir, rofastad, fastódh, hadódh, fostad, fastod

v ā The older form seems to be fastaid (astaid < ad-suid- by metathesis), probably associated with root sō- `turn,' whence the long vowel ō (ā, ū) occasionally found in second syll. and in vn. fastód; the form fostaid may be due to association with fossad, fossta, etc., cf. also costud, which is apparently vn. of con-suidi. pres. 3 s. fostaid LL 67b8 ; fastaid, ib. 9 . fastoid, LU 2109 ( FA 17 = astaid LB); nos fastand , LU 2114 ( FA 18 = -astand LB). ipv. 2 s. fostá, LL 101a42 . subj. pres. 2 s. dia fastō , BB 456b22 ( Aen. 702 ). fut. 3 s. -fostba, LU 5871 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ). nom-fostfa-sa RC xiv 38 § 35 . pret. 3 s. ro-fost, LU 350 . nas fast , LL 203b34 . ro dn-ast , TTr.² 1143 . rofasta (v.l. ro fasto ro fosdadh, -aidh), Metr. Dinds. iii 44.68 (if not intended for rofastad but cf. the forms cited in VSR 712 ff ) diar fosta , ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ). Pass. pres. pl. fastaitir, FB 62 . perf. sg. rofastad, TTr.² 1143 . do fastódh , Keat. iii 2618 (for form cf. do hadódh , IGT III ex. 529 ). For vn. see fostad and fastod.

(a) stops, detains, retains: ra ḟost F. ace é ic irnaide TBC-LL¹ 6134 . co ro fost Colum Cille ... na filedu, LU 350 . gur rofhost C. ... seacht mbliadhna iad, Keat. iii 1258 (cf. (b) below). ni fosdadh aon fhocal he never retained (remembered) a word BNnÉ 178.10 . is ann fastaitís in ngréin | co cend noí mís, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . no fostatis an firm[i]mint da rit[h], CCath. 3919 . fostaid ocht n-eono dib brings to a standstill TBC-LL¹ 1335 = ( co mbí ..., LU 5175 , where it is clearly shown that the birds were taken alive). is fuigli ... filed fostas ┐ imfuirges iat gan bar n-innsaigid that restrain ... them from attacking you YBL 306b9 ( MR 194 ). ríg ┐ naím Hérend ... iat rothennḟastsat cach cath who strictly checked Metr. Dinds. iii 12 . tōraigechd ... dar fostad mōrān don creich `was recovered' Ann. Conn. 1340 § 4 .

Cf. do fastódh i dTeamhraigh é (viz. Feidhlimidh mac Criomhthainn), Keat. iii 2618 (the corresp. account Ann. Inisf. 840 (14e) has: a chostud i Temraich; AU has conid-deisidh ).

(b) retains (in service), engages (In this sense possibly influenced by ON festa. Cf. O'Donovan's remarks U.J.A. vi 60 ): ros fost (sic MS) fri ré theora mios, Hugh Roe 96.5 (f. 25b) . rosfostsat [sic MS.] ina n-oentaid kept him with them The Ó Clēirigh Family, P. Walsh (1938) 30 (= Hy Fiach. 76 ). ag so mar ḟostus O Neill buannadha `this is the ... manner of O'Neyle his interteyning of Bwonaghs' O'Neill's proclamation 1601 ( Gilbert Facs. Vol. iv i pl. xxx ; U.J.A. vi 1858, 60 ). don druing úd [do fostad] `they that were hired,' Matthew xx 9 . ? ní báoi comas biadhta léo an aghaidh sin, go ro fhosd Ciaran fria sásadh doibh `C. remained to satisfy them' BNnÉ 108.12 . The Lat. ( V. SS. Hib. i 125 ) has nothing to correspond.

(c) keeps, holds to, observes (?): tiomna Néill nachar fosdadh `N.'s testament was not observed' (`was no hindrance ?' note) Content. v 148 .

(d) intrans. remains stationary, stays (?): diar fosta grian, ZCP iii 24.16 ( Rawl. 80b36 ).