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fritháilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fritháilem or dil.ie/24418
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: frithalim, frithailem, frithalim, frithalmi, friothailme, frithálam, frithólam, frithalma, friothólamh, -álamh, -a, frithólamh, -álamh, frithóileamh, -áileamh, -óilimh, -áilimh, -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, -álaim, -aim, -ólmha, -áilte, frithailme

n ā, f. ; later also o, m. (vn. of fris-áilethar). a d s. fri frithalim , SR 5058 (but : fri frithailem , LU 8043 ). ic frithalim , SR 1187 , TBC-LL¹ 1088 , etc. g s. frithalmi, SR 1200 , cf. friothailme, Leb. Gab.(i) i 34.6 . In later manuscripts also frithálam, or frithólam (-um) ; g s. frithalma, LL 107b13 . friothólamh, -álamh (f. ; g s. n p. -a) IGT, Decl. § 37 ; frithólamh, -álamh (m.) § 100 ; frithóileamh (-eolamh v.l.), -áileamh (m.) § 101 ; -óilimh, -áilimh, f. § 150 . As vn. -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, m. Also -álaim etc. f., Verbs § 70 . g s. -aim ib. ex 612 . -ólmha, 613 , -áilte, 609 (see fritháiled).

Often found in association with frestal and influenced by it.

(a) expecting, looking out for (orig. sense) : ra thoegat saide ... co fáitar i nEmain ... ra frithalim comergi Conchobair (i.e. in expectation of, to attend the rally of the Ulstermen) LL 95a6 ( TBC-LL¹ 4928 ). atbert na ragad acht bith oc frithalim lochta a chríchi fodesin (Cú Chulainn refuses to go to the feast because he has invited his own people to one) LL 262a15 ( MU² 44 ). boi oca ḟrithalim co cend mis. ni thanic, LL 278a48 . oc frithalemh cia aimser nó reghad, TTr.² 222 . robatar uile ina tost ... oc frithalum na scel no indisfed, Aen. 409 (= conticuêre omnes, intentique ora tenebant Aeneid ii 1 ).

(b) catching (something thrown) : na nóe slega rodibraiced air a frithalum 'na laim clé ┐ na .ix. líathroiti ... a fritholum 'na laim deis = catching the nine spears that were cast at him in his left hand and the nine balls in his right Acall. 5834n .

(c) anticipating, making provision for, preparing , with gen. of thing : tegdas ... fri frithailem tomalta na fleda LU 8043 (FB). tanic Culand connice a dun ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . fer frithalma mōre ... .i. Bricriu `a man of great management' [of making great preparation, provision] Ériu iv 30 y ( LL 107b14 ). Abram ... ro chennaig in n-inad ... i frithalim a adnaicthi as a burial-ground for himself (= Gen. xxv 10 ) Rawl. 73a33 = ic fritholum, BB 6a11 .

(d) waiting on (a person), ministering to the needs of, supplying: ic frithalim ... na n-anmanna, SR 1187 . ní dlegait lōn leo for sét acht ... ri Érenn da bfriothailimh the king of E. supplies their wants ZCP viii 116 § 12 . na cethri airm déc batar ic Conchobur ... ic frithalim na maccáem ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1088 (= fri hagaid frithailme St. cf. ... fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 ). coic tret ... ┐ cét n-arathar ag frithalum a tigi for the service of his household Aen. 1727 . baí faill fritholma ra [leg. ar] in clerech ag in chailligh , BB 233b7 . ni lemtha airbernad ar a cudich no ar a [ḟ]ritholmu (sic) `his share or his supply durst not be lessened' Cog. 50.6 . tair ... linne co nderntur do frestal ┐ do fritholum acoinne, CCath. 1667 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair, BNnÉ 104.9 . Cf. friochnamh ... ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh, RC xxix 219 . rena mnai fritholmha, Oss. v 74.2 ( Tromd. Guaire 685 , where -mha, like -mu in Cog. 50 , may indicate a late vn. form : -ólmhadh). Of service or attendance in wider sense : ica frestal ┐ ica fritalam amal gach cumail, CCath. 1149 . caeminailt fritholmha Oilealla ┐ Medhbha, ZCP viii 542.10 (= c. comaitechta, TBC-LL¹ 1554 ). ionad mna friotháilmhe d'fhagháil, Desid. 1257 . ... gillai ritholmha dó féin of one of his own attendants AU 1168 . gilla friothalmha, Oss. v 42.22 . gan digh ... dh' aithiaraid | ad tigh re feadh frithálaim during the dispensing IGT III ex. 612 . In a special sense : díl fritháilti an fear 'ca mbí | do bean ḟritháilte a Ruaidrí ib. 609 .

Of things, functions, etc., attending to, looking after, discharging: co nach raibi cáithlech ātha i nErinn gan Gall dáer ica frithalom fair `to work it' [attending it for him ? But cf. Cog. 116.9 ] Fianaig. 86.16 . friothailemh eaglusdachta, Todd Nenn. ciii . na tratha do frithalum to observe the canonical hours Laws v 124.18 Comm. lucht fritholma an aifrind, BCC § 69 (= ministri altaris Reeves Ad. 104 ). aonmhaiccléireach amháin do bhíodh ag friothólamh an aifrinn dó serve him at Mass Keat. iii 999 . friotháileamh sollamainte na n-uile shacramainteadh, Desid. 4963 . Cf. dul ... do dhénamh an ḟritheóilti si `for this administration' (i.e. to communicate the sick) RSClára 88a . do dhénuid friothólamh dhó minister (to the Tabernacle) Numbers i 50 .

Esp. of attendance on the sick: do iarra mna do frithalum na mna bis ... fri idhna, Laws i 300.5 . sir bean frithámhla di 'look for a midwife for her', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 233 § 67 . fritheólamh na n-esslán, RSClára 112a . aos galair cona lucht fritheólmha 78b0 . Cf. cona ffritheolmhaibh oireamhnacha amhail iarraid a n-aicíde, 111b0 (an inaccurate rendering of the Engl.).

Of treatment : ise an t-adhbhar morgaithe is coir do rithaileamh ar dūs it is the corrupt matter we must attend to first 23 P 10³, 16b31 . In pl. ministrations (?) : tri firtorithne no tri frithailme (gl. teora frither) Laws v 452.7 Comm.

(e) in hostile sense coping with, withstanding (an enemy or an attack) : [secht mūir] fri frithalim n-ilchatha, SR 5058 (of Jericho). ba handsa ... fulung a fergi ┐ frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570 . nach aitni damsa i nErinn sluagh fritolma Uladh a host able to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-LL¹ p. 747 n. 5 (St). co na betis i n-etarlēn frithalma ar cind a bidbad, LL 172a45 ( CRR 9 ). nior bho urusa fritheálamh a bhforráin, ML 134.2 . Cf. ro buí slógh ... for bruachaibh in tsrotha ica fritholumh (of the British resistance to Caesar), CCath. 187 . ni mo chean ... tarrla re freastal no re fritholamh na fairrgi ... sin unhappy those who had to tackle that sea CF 42 . adnaig ag drem frisi mūr ┐ na Troīandaigh ica frithōlum dona mūraib, Aen. 2233 . robui a comair frithōlma na foirne fīrnāmat tānic ... cugi was ready to tackle Fianaig. 72.7 .

Absol. : in frestal ┐ in frithólum dobertsat forro, CCath. 1711 . in fritholum tucsat Danair ... fri Dal Cais, Cog. 188.11 . dobeir frithalum fair in conair tainic, Aen. 2622 (= speculatus in agmine ... obuius ire parat, Aeneid x 769 ). Transf. of a person : ni fil for Eirinn ... frithailem Chuind a match for C. Anecd. ii 7 .