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fuil ,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuil , or dil.ie/24792
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fuil, fuil, folo, fola, fuili, fuile, fule, fola, folae, folo, fala, ḟala, fala, fola, folaib, fuile, fola, fala, fuil, fuile, fola, fala, fuili, fala, fuili, fuli

n i, f. (? originally n., Bretha 3 ) a s. fuil , Wb. 2b11 . d s. fuil , Tur. 128 . g s. folo, Thes. i 498.37 ( Ardm. 189b2 ). fola, Ml. 37c6 . a p. fuili, Wb. 31b21 . g p. fuile, 2b1 . Ml. 22b1 . fule, 37c4 . Later exx. g s. fola; folae, Mon. Tall. § 60 ; folo, YBL 12a49 ; fala, IGT, Decl. 181 . dondḟala , LU 6475 . dergfala , TBC-LL¹ 4141 (: cara). Forms with broad vowel are found later in pl.: a p. fola LB 141a46 , d p. folaib, LL 267b19 ; n a p. fuile fola fala IGT, Decl. § 181 . fuil (f., g s. fuile, fola, fala) §42 , § 181 ; med na bfol, méd na bfal dtēacht, § 181 . g s. fuili, ex. 1216 ; fala, 168 , 1215 . ? Also: curub fairsingi(dh) a falanna de sin (= omnia vulnera lacerata sunt), Celtica vii 175.404 , x 141 n. 1 .

(a) blood: f.¤ ... a flumine [leg. fulmine] .i. on tsaignen, ar it cosmaili im dath ┐ im deirgi datha, Corm. Y 644 . f.¤ a fuluo .i. flann derg (flannderg ? See flann, b), O'Mulc. 591 . f.¤ dar colaind, LL 7a29 . Fig. ní himmēr mo lāim ... form ḟ.¤ nach form ḟeoil fodēin, SR 1541 (cf. c below). ar dáilfe f.¤ = blood shall be shed LU 5192 . tochta fola ┐ féola trina cnedaib, TBC-LL¹ 3616 . trén atāt for tí m'ḟola, LU 1268 (= Imr. Brain ii 288 ). emeltus na fola místa, PH 5719 . rith folo, gl. dysenteria ( Acts xxviii 8 ) Thes. i 498. 37 . riuth fola, AU 763.777 . co tarlaic a bolgdéra mora fola for a dib traigthib shed great tears of blood LL 119b4 (of a horse). cíís déra ... forruada fola, 171a20 ( CRR 3 ). ro chí ... co ndēraib falae, BColm. 84.18 . roptis fola ┐ cro mo dēr of blood and gore AU 687 ( Bruchst. i § 98 ). catha ... dia mbó lán linn fola, ZCP x 344 § 16 . (banscál) derg fola red with blood ib. § 17 . (Fig.) frecrad fuli cech anmae, Ériu iii 96 § 3 , quoted by O'Dav. 1003 with gloss: f.¤ .i. pecad. In pl. of blood of more than one individual: béssti olca doesmet fuili , Wb. 31b21 . imeasorgain oc a teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . dāildis fuile, Rawl. 85b25 ( RC xxxvi 262 ) = fuli, LL 45b16 . doruachtatar fuile fodbrondai na míled, Alex. 145 . da folaib con ┐ catt, LL 267b19 ( MU² 731 ). a fulib drecon is loscend, Cog. 158.19 . atá a haghaidh ... d'ḟalaibh féinneadh dá folcadh her surface is washed by the blood of warriors TD 4.5 . But the singular noun is used in a similar context, Celtica x 141 : fri testin fola, Ml. 37 c 6 (cf. re testin fola na mmíled, LU 6438) . issnib colnidib … tuesmot a fuil 'who pour forth their blood' Cambr. 38 b .

Hence (b) an effusion of blood, a wound (generally in pl.): atait secht fuile ... feartar nācon tuillet fiachu, Laws v 142.1 . fer na fola (i.e. the wounded man) i 130.26 . nach f.¤ ales fiacha `any wound which entails fines' BCrólige 19 . f.¤ ot[h]rusa `bloodshed involving sick maintenance' 41 . bit imserga ┐ círgala ┐ fuili fordérgga i cach slúag, LU 4542 . it tromda ... na fuli formsa, 6309 . a ālta ┐ a ḟuli, TBC-LL¹ 4279 = iolgona, St. ilar fule firfitir ar Coin Culaind, LU 10384 . beti fir i fuilib de, TBC-LL¹ 1473 . it aidbli ... iar fuilib, Fél. Prol. 82 . adsluindiu a fuili I appeal by their wounds Ep. 321 . badar laich ann a fuilib, Acall. 4740 . Sing. form but pl. sense in: duba ind ḟuilse 'these wounds are severe' TBC-LL¹ 2810 , Celtica x 141 .

(c) blood = consanguinity, stock, race (freq. in later lit.) : gáel na fola blood-relationship PH 7394 . norannadh fair budhesin ┐ forsin f.¤ dia ōl he would deal it to himself and to the blood (royal) Marco P. 50 . a ríolaoigh fuile an Airdríogh of the Lord's kin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 3 . an Ádhamhfhuil Adam's race xv 2 . do chiontaibh ḟuile [fola v. l.] Eachoidh, TD 9.21 . d'ḟolaibh uaisle na hÉireann, 28.27 . re foluibh ísli fhuinn Luighdheach lowborn families Studies 1919, 73 . go ffuiccheadh gach aon ... aisecc a ḟola ┐ a onóra `restoration of their blood and honours' (i.e. restitution of their rights of descent) AFM vi 2182 (or could this belong to folud in sense `estate' ?).

Compds. ¤feóil flesh and blood (dvanda-compd.) : daene d'ḟuilḟeóil Adaim, LL 10b48 (= ZCP xiii 361 ) ¤glas stream of blood: fir fuilglassa de fuilib méderath, LU 5461 . Fuiliarnn n.l. TBC-I¹ 2183 . ¤iath ` bloody plain ' (v.l. fuilliath, foliath) Metr. Dinds. ii 34 (perhaps source of O'Clery's : fuiliat .i. fuileach). ¤teipersnech streaming with blood: ro siacht cnedach fuiltepersnech dochum a luinge, ITS xliv 18 § 384 (R2) .