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Daur-gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daur-gabal or dil.ie/14781

Forms: Daurgabail, Dargabail

o, npr. m. LL 328 d 22 . gen. Daurgabail, ib. m. sup. Dargabail, 328 d 18 .

dé-gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-gabal or dil.ie/15054
Last Revised: 2013

n

o m. and ā, f. Bifurcation : dá uball óir for dégabail a muince H 3.18, 757 . co ndergenai cuislind ndegabail díb, D IV 2 p. 53 a 2 , ZCP x 382 .

gabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabál or dil.ie/25035
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gabaal, gabál, gabail, gabáil, gabáil, gabalae, gabala

n ā, f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál , SR 6290 . gabail, Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v. infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala, Wb. 19a4 .

As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.

(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog. 4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a pilgrimage (lit. taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day, Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept repentance, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale, O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings, Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ... n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new raw wounds, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, MacCongl. 95.2 . dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR 6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC-I¹ 641 . Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 . Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv 256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 . Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving in ... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.

gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit. seizing his hand, see Ir. Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó ┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 . adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 . cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.² 94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marrying (of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm. (see Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x 296.2 ; cf. TBC-LL¹ 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 . See gaibid.

In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 . dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , ACL iii 28.16 . ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic) doib, O'Curry 762 ( H 3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal under 2 ? gabal .

(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 . caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm. imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he avoids capture, TBC-LL¹ 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.). go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ? Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being taken prisoner, MR 200.11 . Cf. Numbers xx 1 ; AFM iii 306.13 ; 646.2 . set gabhala, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt `high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84. ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,' TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests (lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad Hériu, Imr. Brain ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. : a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v 486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough oxen (lit. `oxen of harnessing'), Leb. Cert. 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26 = Cymmr. xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid), Laws v 152.4 . For legal phr. lám gabálae see lám II (b).

In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torachtain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail leó, AFM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex. 214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345 § 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag, a check : gabail for tengthaib `a gag on tongues' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv 252.23 , 24 .

(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar g.¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne (i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), AFM vi 2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).

(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala, `grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar fheurghort gabhla, Tor. Dh. Oss. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille gabhála, O'D. 748 ( H 3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'D. 2202 ( Nero A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated wood,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'Curry 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due, Laws v 442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm. dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the second quality' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv 350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .

(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐ can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála `a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh, Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi, LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.

(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 . do gabail cepoce ... immum, Sc.M² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl. ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom, araile i ssuide, Rule of Tallaght § 22 . By extension, of that which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule of Tallaght § 99 seq.

(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my disposition, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine, Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comhang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them, RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be prevented, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 . is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach on me (i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor was he able to prevent them ...,' AFM vi 1924.20 . in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,' Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in spite of pledges, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they cannot withhold it, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return for peace ! King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch overhanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can withhold it, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 . Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding by P.' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB 151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.

(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp, fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.

(i) (of a horse) carriage, bearing, posture (?): da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice if the horse is raising its snout and has an ugly bearing Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent [?] should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high [?] should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 . See also bó-gabál , duine-gabál .

1 gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gabal or dil.ie/25032

n a fork , see gabul.

3 gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gabal or dil.ie/25034

n the letter `g' in `linn-ogam,' Auraic. 5684.

2 ? gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ? gabal or dil.ie/25033

n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic,' Ériu i, 220 § 14 and 224 note ( H 3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a `céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the `flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine), O'D. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v. leth . May be cpd. of gabál , q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel, MacNeill, Law of status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value, contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest (clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt). cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib. Same definition, Ir. Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however, set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach boinen, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla, Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla, Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid, q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, p. 299 ) ; O'Curry 1454 ( H 3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'Curry 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6, p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul, so that the word is doubtful.