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1 grád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grád or dil.ie/26459
Last Revised: 2019

n (Lat. gradus) o, n. grade, degree, rank, order ; in sg. and pl. eccles. orders : a ngrád as isliu oldate angil, Wb. 4b25 . cid huaisliu grád neich alailiu, Ml. 115d8 . sechib grád i mbether and imp óge fa lánamnas, Wb. 10a18 . intain dorratad grád fort `when orders have been conferred upon thee,' ib. 28d9 . grad nepscuip, 28c8 . archuit ind óissa gráid `as regards those in orders,' 16d7 . re ngrád et iar mbathis `before ordination and after baptism,' ib. 31b4 . ni taibre grád for nech, 29a28 . salm di grad `Gradual,' Thes. ii 252.17 (St. Miss) ; ib. 15 . Gramm. as ṅgrád (gl. positivus gradus), Sg. 139a10 . bid anim (leg. ainm) n-adiecht- for cetal (leg. cétna-) randgabail ┐ condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared throughout the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 446 . fer graid sochenelach sobessach `a man of rank of good family and morals,' Thes. ii 307.11 . aés gráid tarmideocatár a n-gráda `ordained folk who have transgressed their orders,' FA 28 . dobeir grád as ardam it gives rank that is highest, Fél. Ep. 207 . ad-mestar díre coir cach grāid do ṡōernemthib ┐ dōernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 . ocht n-eich ... la grádhaibh flatha acus áirdrigh do righ na n-Uaithni `with the office [of chief officer of trust] of a sovereign ...,' Leb. Cert. 70.11 = seacht cuirn dia ndámhaibh d'án díl | beith a ngrádhaibh an áird-righ `to be in office under the monarch,' 78.12 . madh na secht ngraidh flatha `the seven degrees of chieftains,' Laws i 60.17 Comm. ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne 'Neire has adjudged the privilege of every bard, as they correspond to the freeman grades', UR 55.1 ​. mat beich aerda a mbun craind graid feine is leth bech don grad fein[e] ┐ leth dfir bunadh 'if it is bees in the air [which settle] in the trunk of a commoner, a half of the bees goes to this person and a half to the original owner', Bechbretha 182 (b)​ . atait secht ngraid la Feine, na con tualuing nachae fiadnaise do denum, v 284.1 . co tibred anoir ┐ cátaig ngradai ... do dia n-adrad na hídlu, PH 6622 . nihed domthabair fo grad, | m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3301 . ro fritháiled in rí ... ar grádaib ┐ dánaib, TBC-LL¹ 997 . rogeall ... co tibred seodu imda ┐ mæni ┐ sirgrada doib, Aen. 2090 . gairmidh chuice Elegto ingen Plutoin ina gradaibh `according to her rank,' ib. 1627 . ecclesiastical orders : docuaid fo gradaib illou fheili Adomnain, AU ii 76.2 (an. 1105) . līn forsrolēg grād co nūibe, ACL iii 303 § 6 . secht cōicait n-epscop ... ūad fo grādaibh, § 7 . cutarda grād fair, Trip. i 196.14 . doraid a oide friss dol fona gradaib coiserca, RC xii 324 § 9 . is aire rogabh Natfraich gradha sacairt, Lat. Lives 78.3 . tet ... iar ngabail grad do gu Fabur, RC xii 324 § 9 . Mairg do-beir guth ar ḟer ngrāid | bīs i n-inad Chrīst comlāin, ACL iii 222.14 . in gradh onni is gradus .i. ceim, Auraic. 3284 . secht ngrād ecalsa, ACL iii 307 § 17 . nī cōir a cleith ar ind āes grāid `it is not right to conceal it from the ordained,' Ériu i 44.19 . coica ar dib cétuib escop ┐ coic cét sacart ┐ teora mile do gradhuib ecailse, ib. ii 100 § 4 . deochain ar grādaib `a deacon in rank,' BColm. 82.15 . mac fir ro tuislithe fo grad `while under Holy Orders,' Laws v 202.7 . in tan tra teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded, PH 7157 . dul fo grad nep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. § 20 . iar n-indarbad uathi (i.e. from the Church) ... droch-aesa gráid, ib. 4645 . Don tsacramainnt ar a ttugthar ord nó grádha, Ó Héodhusa 218.3 . grádha coisreagtha Holy Orders, Donlevy 328.20 . Used of the orders or ranks of the celestial hierarchy : arnaib grádib nemdib tantum , Wb. 21a13 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel, Ériu ii 106 § 17 . a Chrīst go n-grādhaib, iii 29 § 1 . nōi ngrādh n-aingel, § 4 . co céolaib aingel ar gradhaib dlightheacha an airdrigh, RC xxiv 369.18 . Drong árchaingel nime | ... la nói ṅgrád ríg rathmair, Fél. Ep. 235 . noi n-uird ┐ noi ngraid for anglib nime, PH 6233 . ro-fhresgab mac Dé for gradu hiruphin, 2280 . order, rank of chivalry ; knighthood : tabur gradha ridirechta damh budesta, ZCP vi 28.4 . dohoirdhnedh ... a ngradhaibh ridirechta `were raised ... to the rank of knighthood,' ib. 8 . anuair fa tainic ais gaisgidh damsa, dogabus gradha gaiscidh ┐ deisi ridiri cugum, RC x 189.y . go ngabhadh grádha ridire gaiscidh `the degree of a knight of chivalry,' Keat. ii 6269 . 'sna grádhaibh gaisce fá héigean do gach aon do ghabháil sul do glacfaidhe i bhFiannaidheacht é, ib. 5187 . An individual member of a grade : ar nísnádi(g) na(ch) grád nech bes ardu 'for no member of a grade gives protection to anyone who is of higher rank', Críth G. 114 , Ériu lxvi 3 . nach grād bes īssle araile 'any member of a grade who is lower in status than another', CIH i 234.21 , Ériu lxvi 3 . Used of the raven’s cry: madh fer graidh is gradh gradh congair 'if it be a man in orders it calls gradh gradh ' Ériu viii 121 .

2 grád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 grád or dil.ie/26460
Last Revised: 2019

n u, n. love, affection, fondness, charity : amor (gl. grad ), Ir. Gl. 1081 . cardōit a caritate .i. grād , Corm. Y 282 . ro buadir in rograd hí dorat do Coinculaind, LU 3923 ( SCC 44 ). is mebul duit ... laigi fri bangrád, LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). is grád do macalla mo grad-sae ocus mo ṡercc ... dontí da tucus, IT i 124.20 - 21 . ar med do grada, Ériu ii 89 § 9 . ar grad hoinigh for the sake of your honour, TBC-LL¹ 173 n. 13 . in mnai ba ro-mor grad lais, PH 841 . tuc grad ... do `she fell in love with him,' RC vi 184.20 . With obj. gen. : cen serc cen grád Dé accu, FA 27 (LBr.). Do gradh im cride, | do serc im anmain, Ériu ii 90 § 13 . éd tre mergrádh a mná `jealousy on account of immoderate love of his wife,' ZCP viii 108.z . in t-í ... cosna bí grád na uamun in choimded, PH 5299 . grad in t-saegail, 7757 . co ralin grada chatha cosnama crideada ... curada na Greige tré aslach an deí Mairt, TTebe 1178 . aoibhinn an galar grádh mná, Dánta Gr. 2.1 . ar grād Muire, ACL iii 241 § 3 . er grad Dia `for the love of God,' PH 7709 . ar ghrádh na bochtachta, TSh. 353 ; 399 . With prep. ar : is mōr in grād duit ar duini | nach sluic in lār uili ind, ACL iii 242 § 9 . do mhēid mo ghrādh uirthe 'such was my love for her' Celtica iv 65.8 . With fri (later re, la) : ba mó a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra, PH 7178 . an tan atámuid a ngrádh re Dia in the state of grace, Donlevy 362.27 . With do : miscais in t-shaegail ┐ grád do Dia, PH 6863 . ar son a mhórghraidh dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 138.17 . apstal is moo do-rat grád ┐ seirc do'n choimdid, PH 1640 . Pl. favour, good graces : i ngrādaib icond ardríg 'in favour with the high king', SR (Greene) 3276​​ . robói i ngrádaib roríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 300.25 . nā sgáil rūn nā cogar airdrīgh ... | is ferr duit beith ina ngrādaib, ZCP vi 272 § 8 . do grad for the sake of : is écóir dóib do grad indmais no caradraidh bregc do dénum, Maund. 25 . As vn. : do thuatha oc do grád `thy peoples loving thee,' PRIA iii 548 § 18 . thugas grádh don bhfuath `I have fallen in love with hatred,' Dánta Gr. 90.1 . ní dhiongnann grádh olc don chomharsain, Romans xiii 10 . ba mōr ... in grād ┐ in scrūdadh croide a gcoimdēcsain `to behold them moved one much to charity,' Fl. Earls 98.10 . creideamh, dóthchas ná grádh Faith, Hope or Charity, Donlevy 210.9 . gan fuath nó grádh without prejudice, Donlevy Pref. x 29 . ni bhfuil aoin-ní cruaidh air an té ata a ngrádh to him who loves, ib. 470.26 . fer gráda a trusted or confidential servant : dam-sa bat fer grada, TBC-LL¹ 3058 . cuirid side fer ngrada dó do inneithiomh delba C., ACL iii 308 vi 16 . fiallach gradha retainers, CCath. 3383 . oés gráda confidants, men of trust, retainers : aes grádha Mongáin [iat] arna cur a richtaibh cléirech, Imr. Brain i 66.5 . Tadhg rí Con[n]acht do marbad ... do aes gradha fén a fill, RC xviii 18.28 . romarbait se fichit do aes gradha meic Maelsechlainn, AU ii 210.18 (an. 1187) . ar marbad a muintiri ocus aessa grada, Cog. 62.3 . Also dilecti : tráth do-bheir sealbh oighreachta dá aos gráidh féin an tan do-gheibhid bás, TSh. 2731 . dh'aos ghraidh De (= dilectis Dei, Romans i 7 ), Luc. Fid. 385.16 .

Compds. ¤chland beloved children : ar ghairi dia gradhcloinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 62.6 . ¤fher a confidant (?) : dia fessed rūn ṅgradḟer (: rāided = ngraider, BB 151b14 ) ṅglōir, Rawl. 156b18 . ¤gemm : Mathusalem, érim ṅgrinn, | bahe in gradgemm ria ndilinn, SR 2254 . ¤greit a lovable champion , Fél. March 19 . fo gradgreit echtrann n-adrúad, SR 7194 . ¤grinn : frit' seircc ṅgraidgrinn is mé Issau, ib. 2879 . ¤oll : atreab n-alaind crotha gradhuill, Anecd. i 71 § 188 . ecosc na loc (sic leg.) crotha gradhuill n-aluind n-ile, ib. 51 § 2 . samtha graduill (cheville), EaB ii 784 § 22 .