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imchim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchim or dil.ie/27361

(a)vn. of imm-cing. the act of going around, evading (a duty, etc.) ; transgressing, violating (a law, a privilege, etc.) : imchim .i. elodh, O'Dav. 1115. imchim .i. imchéimnuighadh, O'Cl. imcim .i. nepdul ... hi sloigeadh, O'Curry 472 ( H 3.18, p. 247 ). atait secht tobaig a tuaith naco ndlegat dire na fiacha la Feine for nech a n-elo no a n-imcim `from a person for deserting or absconding,' Laws v 178.2 . imcim flatha beiris gu-breath for a ceile `to desert from a chief who pronounces false judgment upon his tenant,' 178.3 . imcim inn rig ima rechtgi dia cain, no nós, no chairdi, O'Curry 470 ( H 3.18, p. 247 ). a cinta raithachuis air a dualgus imceme criche as compensation for absconding from the territory ?, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, fo. 44a ). imchim sloigheadh .i. eimceimniugudh uadha asin sloighi, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, p. 243ab ). ni ro lamar ... imchim do breithri-siu, YBL 118b43 . is ard cech recht co himchim, LU 4002 (Dillon, Serglige would read : richt, and translate : `all is well till the moment of parting,' but perhaps read : every law is noble until it is transgressed). rodingebtaís díb Aed Rind | is friu thanic a imchimm his escape ?, Ériu v 223.52 .

Especially of evading the obligations arising out of being `fasted upon' (see ZCP xv 268 ) : imcim troisce `going round (evading) the fast,' Laws ii 352.3 . From such passages O'Dav. 1128 got the idea that imchim itself means fasting : i.¤ .i. bid doigh comad ainm do troscad.

(b) From the sense of transgressing, violating (a law, etc.) came the more general sense of violation, outrage: imchim .i. sarugh[ud], O'Dav. 1116. itir dergbem ocus banbéim [ocus] cnocbeim ocus sarughudh ocus imcheimm (sic leg.), Laws iv 364.23 Comm. ó fuair fachaid is immchim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.18 . aeded is imchim do agbail, Cog. 68.20 . clerecht caemh cen imchim n-aith, AFM ii 602.24 . imchim .i. sárughadh, O'Cl.