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lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann or dil.ie/30448
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lóchrann, luacharnn

n (Lat. lucerna, with length of vowel perh. influenced by lóchet; but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 122 ). Mid. Ir. lóchrann occurs first in LU. Early declension ā, f., later also o, m.

(a) lamp, light, lantern : luacharn .i. lochrann, no solas, O'Cl. lucarn gl. lucernam, ZCP viii 174.9 . ro ir dom . . . .x. fidchella fri luacharna lassrad, Ériu ii 5.5 (luachairnae, v.l.). amail difuarcoib lōc[h]rann a soillse a tégdois dorc[h]a, ZCP iii 452.3 . amal in lochairnn n-affraicdai gl. quasi lanterna punica, Sg. 24a16 . ignis efulgens quod apud graecos dicitur λαμπ(υρ)ος .i. luacharnn , 47a9 cf. Études Celt. xi 107. gin lócharne, Fél. Apr. 22 (locharna, locharn, v.ll.), glossed .i. ós lampadis. fumda locharna laiss, ZCP viii 564.14 rhet. (fomta . . . lass, v.l.). lūacharnd . . . a lucerna , Corm. Y 828 (luacharnn, locharn, v.ll.). imar bad lócrand lánsolusta, LU 6556 ( TBC-I¹ 2041 ). leth-sét a lochran do andadh fair, O'D. 511 ( H 3.17, 415 ); acc. to Comm. a penalty for kindling a light so as to disturb the chief after he has retired to rest. Cf. samaisc isin caindill do adhannadh iar codladh, no iar ndul do luighi cheana, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). lassamna do lochairn, LL 343g30 = lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.5 . tucsat athennedha tenedh ┐ lócharnda lasamhna leó, CCath. 1897 . a mheic dar cumadh an chros / 'na lóchrann sheasmhach sholas, DDána 65.7 . co tapraib ┐ locrannaibh, Grail 2797 . dá lóchrann ar nach luigh smál (moon and sun), Dán Dé xxvii 10 . lóchrainn ag lasadh 'nar lámhaibh (lucernae), TSh. 8579.

(b) Fig. of persons: in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig . . . iarthar mbetha .i. sanctus Patricius, ACL iii 8.5 . Ródan lócharn Lothrai, Fél. Apr. 15 . is īatt so na lochranna / da lasfatt Laighin (of three saints), ZCP viii 110.16 . rochomarleicc lochairnd ríg . . . dia síl son an illustrious king, PH 4250 . Niall Naoighiallach . . . / lóchrann Alban is Éireann, L. Cl. A. B. 276.128 . lóchrainn oinigh Éireann Cuinn, DDána 102.2 . Of the Blessed Virgin: lóchrann ó bhfuighbheam eolas, DDána 49.3 . Of the saints: is iat locharna atberair sund .i. ainimme na noem ┐ na ḟirén . . . locharna sin tened ┐ lassar: locharn tened . . . isin deirc . . . locharn lassar . . . i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5859 - 60 .