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laithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laithe or dil.ie/29474
Last Revised: 2019

n io, n

Cf. . laithe m., IGT Decl. § 2. See also Introd. § 147 . Early occurrences: n s. a laithe , Ml. 21c3 . a s. fri laithe , Wb. 8d22 . g s. laithi, Wb. 26b7 . d s. laithiu, Wb. 25d20 . n pl. laithi lithacha .i. laithi senamla, O'Curry 1282, (H 3.18 534) . g pl. inna laithe , Ml. 17d6 . d pl. hi lathib litaib, Ml. 62a18 . Note also d s. laithen, ITS xxix 168.1 123.6 (?) , g pl. 11 .

(a) day, daylight (as distinguished from night: see Celtica iii 256-7 ): samaltir in molad dóinde fri laithe ar a gairti ṁbis, Wb. 8d22 . intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21c3 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe ┐ is laithe foilsigedar cech rét, Ml. 85b11 . adaig tar aesi laíthi, 21c3 . hi cech oina laithe gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . tairciud cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, 111a5 . ni fil isin bliadain | . . . laithe . . . | nach at-rised munter, Fél. Prol. 283 . laithe na mís, 301 . is ī rē laithe nobitis isin cess, O'Mulc. 835 . ba hiat sin na sē laithi |. . . lūan, mairt, cēdāin, is dardāin | āine [┐] satharn, Ériu iii 143.6 . oir is amlaid so fodhailtear in aimsear ... a cadar i llaithi, a llaithi i sechtmain, MR 108.4 .

With adaig: trī laithe ┐ teora haidche, ITS xxxv 20 § 112 . fed do laithe ┐ t'oidhchi, Smaointe B. Chr. 3952 .

Of particular times of day (in gen. or with DI): medon lathi gl. hic meridies, Sg. 66b21 . a mucha lai ┐ laithe ambarach, YBL 329a24 ( TMoméra 154.3 ). co ti leth lathi in domnaig mid-day, SR 8036 . o leuth lathi . . . co trath nona, SR 8041 .

Of yesterday, today, next day, etc.: isind lathi luid yesterday, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . isind laithiusa indiu, RC iii 179.10 . See also bárach.

(b) With adj. or qual. gen. Most frequently of Day of Judgement : di llaithiu bratho, Wb. 25d20 . See bráth. a laithe an chriarta, ZCP viii 208.31 . laithi in Luain, ML² 1621 . Duligēn deilb latha luain, ACL iii 307.y .

Of feast-days and festivals: lathe na samna, LU 3223 ( SCC 1 ). Of sabbath: di laithiu sabbait rocét, Ml. 57d13 .

Various: i laithibh teannta on days of oppression, L. Cl. A. B. 237.13 . laithe a tréighte, 224.118 . See aicenta, 2 saerda.

(c) In adverbial phrases. Denoting point of time : scorais ala laithiu fichet mís Augaist `encamped on the 22nd of August', AU i 434.8 . [a]raile laithiu tra bói Colmán isin Carraig-sin, BColm. 52.y .

With cech ` daily ', freq. in g s.: drong sacart...dom chobair cech laithe , Fél. Ep. 271 . gacha laithe , Fl. Earls 24.4 . fuair nead lán gach re laithe every other day, IGT Decl. ex. 133 .

Also in phrase cor an chaem-laithe : flaith Fáil car an chaomhlaithi | ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car an caemh laithe `while daylight remained' AFM vi 2198.1 . See also 1 sam compds.

With prepp. CO: go laithib a mbais, BNnÉ 119.6 . I N-: i laithibh sealga, Aithd. D. 28.26 .

In phr. ro boí l.¤ once upon a time: rombói lathe rordu rind | de thuaith Chorpri des Boind, LL 331c20 . Later l.¤ n-óen: luid C. laithi n-aen ann do forom ar enlaithib, RC vi 184.16 . laithe n-aon, Desid. 129 . aon do laeithibh do chuadhus-[s]a, Feis Tighe Chonáin 292 . aon do na laithibh one day Desid. 5386 .

Miscellaneous wider applications: co nderrnaid teora laithiu fri ré n-athgairid 'a three days' journey', Grail 1981 .