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míle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. míle or dil.ie/32234

Forms: míli, míli, míli, míle, mílte, milib, mílib

n , f. (< Lat. pl. mīlia) a thousand .

num (a) as numeral: a s. corrici míli , Sg. 207b10 . n d. di míli déec, Wb. 15b1 . n p. deich míli , 12d25 . trí [teora v.l.] míli . . . for fichit már míle (i.e. 23,000), Fél. Jan. 16. fiche [la] teoir míli, ib. Sept. 1. Later míle is used alike for sing. and pl.; in Mod.Ir. mílte is used as subst. in pl. Folld. by gen. or prep. DE: for dib milib ech, Ml. 43d1 . dá sé míle martar 12,000 martyrs, Fél. July 10 . mile ndethach, Rawl. 132a52 . sé míle do míledaib co ndelbaib ech ┐ én, FA 8 (by Windisch expld. as six thousand thousands; ? six thousand warriors). cóic míli . . . ┐ deich cét in cach míli, BDD 52 , cf. 58 . as míltibh Israel míle as gach éintreib, Numbers xxxi 5. is fearr . . . ná na mílte d'ór, Psalms cxix 72. Often used adverbially in d p., esp. in chevilles: mílib lá, SR 2491. mílib rann, 4967 . mílib scél, 5551 . is é sin [in] tech mór mílib amus with thousands of hired soldiers, RC xv 283 (Dinds. Tara). m.¤ céimenn a thousand paces, i.e. a mile (= Lat. mille passus): mile chemenn, Thes. i 6.12 . Laws iv 228.5 . én m.¤ cémend o Róim, PH 1916. sesca mormili . . . do chemendaib, ZCP iii 18.37 . dí mhile ceimenn ó Dún na nGall, AFM vi 1926.1 . Hence

(b) a mile : amal bid míli on chathraig, SR 3554 , cf. 360 and 2712 . ní móu míli . . . ón chrois . . . co cill F., Trip. 130.14 . ní dheachaidh eadh áenmhíle d'fearann the space of a mile , AFM v 1778.10 . ag dul uimhir airidhe do míltibh, BCC § 299.

(c) a district of a certain extent (cf. tricha cét), and by extension the ruler thereof: sé ríg thúsig a n-árim ríg ┐ ocht míli déc a n-arim míli, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ).

(d) a millennium: trian don miliu [sic] itām, ZCP ix 449.12 .