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malart, malairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. malart, malairt or dil.ie/31466

Forms: malart, malairt, -airte, -arta, malartan, malartuind, malartuinn, malarta

n ā, f., malart, IGT Dec. § 12.21 . malairt (g s. -airte, -arta), § 42.24 . As n-st., g s. na malartan , YBL 152a42 . ? d s. don mortlaid malartuind mir, LL 132b48 (: Calatruim, leg. malartuinn). Cf. the derivv. malartnach, etc.

I In Mid.Ir. damage, injury, destruction: maltreating, injuring . malairt .i. drochordugud, O'Dav. 1236. blad cen malairt `a fame unfading', Metr. Dinds. iii 66. is adart uilc . . . | is malairt [leg. malart] cuirp ┐ anma, LL 150a18 . dúthracair a malairt fén for na bráthrib desired his own ruin for the sake of the brethren, PH 1672. regut i mmalairt shuthain everlasting destruction, 991 . a oirchindig na malarta! (of Satan), 3927 . cia hernail malarta doberad for fínemnu in tíre, LB 127a28 . ica malairt ┐ ica mudhugudh, ZCP iv 383.32 . innile do mhalairt ┐ do mhí-imirt, AFM v 1480. an mídiach malarta ┐ mí-imberta tuccadh for thigherna Cloinne A., 1676.14 . Pl. malarta mára, O'Dav. 1236. tosach miarle malarta, Anecd. iii 16.22 . do dee-siu . . . malarta cech oin iat, PH 714.

II In early Mod.Ir.

(a) change, changing: do mhalairt a chreidimh, Keat. i 58.19 . malairt (= mutatio), TSh. 9872. beidh ar ndéanamh mhalairte dhíobh (= mutabuntur), 9940 , cf. 10316 .

(b) exchange, exchanging: ro bhen an trenbhuidhen . . . malairt áite díobh (i.e. took the positions they had quitted), AFM v 1646.11 . malairt urchair uaim . . . dobhéar ar inneall th'amais I will send back a shot in return, Content. xvii 10. ná tréigidh misi ar mhalairt do not forsake me for another, KMMisc. 56 § 7. croidhe colna do mhalairt ar chroidhe chloiche, Mac Aingil 17.18 . a ttáobh malairte concerning exchange, Ruth iv 7 . Often bartering, trafficking: ag ceannaidheacht ┐ ag malairt a n-earradh re chéile, Keat. ii 777. cett malarta a n-airgitt ┐ a n-erradh, AFM vi 2302.2 . dá bhfaghainn fear mo mhalarta, ris do reacfainn an suairceas if I could find a purchaser, Ó Bruad. i 132.

(c) hence folld. by gen. or equivalent: an exchange for = a different, another: malairt na duaine-si a different song from this, Ó Bruad. iii 180. a mhalairt do thoradh d'fhaghbháil any other fruit than that, TSh. 3579. ar an adhbhar nach fuil a mhalairt do threóraidhe aca because they have no other guide, Keat. i 152.11 . an t-éag a mhalairt nach geabhadh gan Diarmaid d'fhagháil Death would take no one else but D., D. MacCarrth. 67.4 . Common idiom in spoken lang.