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1 mart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mart or


Forms: mairt, marta, marta

n o, m., also mairt (fem. ? see LL 32a7 quoted below); the g s. and n p. marta, if belonging to this word, are due to latter form.

A death , esp. one caused by accident or violence; often a slaughter, a massacre (see Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 n. 2 ); a poetic word, occurring in rhetorics, prophecies, etc.; interpretations given below are conjectural. By glossators derived from Lat. mors: m.¤ quasi mort .i. a morte , Corm. p. 31 ; but possibly a native word influenced by latter (cf. mortchenn, mortlaid, -laith < Lat. morticinium, mortalitatem). adhbhal an t-ēcht, mo cech m.¤ `greater than all deaths', AFM ii 902.22 (elegy on death of Diarmaid king of Leinster in battle). matan mairt, LU 3007 = SG 235.21 (reference to inundation of Liathmuine); cf. truág in maten maten máirt | rosbí mac Damáin dithraicht, TBC-LL¹ 4138 (`ein Morgen des März?' Wind., but see p. 590 n. 3 and l. 3186 ). marblia mairt a gravestone , Metr. Dinds. iv 94.36 . ? mífocul marmarta `a bad word of great death' (= a prognostication of slaughter?), O'Dav. 628. bebaid Cormac . . . dia mairt i toeb Cletig from his fatal wound (? of C. mac Airt), ZCP xiii 376 § 13 , cf. iii 462.3 . mairt hi Crinda . . . hi foichret sluaig hErend a massacre (? prophecy of battle of Crinna), xiii 376.21 . mairt hi Liphi maig arathá, 377.14 . cid cath Áilbe . . . rob í in mairt for Mumnechu, LL 32a7 = RC xxiii 312 § 39. mairt i mbith Eoch[aid] eolach, IT iii 15 § 36 . in mart (.i. cath) ro bris Cellach, LL 43a48 . i mairt ┐ i tres, ZCP ix 482.22 . pl. ? marta la nuna `mortality with famine' (? deaths from famine), RC xxvi 46.4 (but see márta). dofius [= dofías?] mār fermart, LL 122b48 (Siaburchobra Con. Ch.). bid formach do rigmartaib an increase of deaths of chiefs (?), TBC-I¹ 2058 = rigmartra, TBC-LL¹ 2759.

Of persons killed: māra mairb, māra mairtt, | tri maicc, tri mārrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.1 = Rawl. 124b5 . beit mairt ili sund many will be slain there (?), TBC-I¹ 2085. ro ḟácsat ocht míli mart they left eight thousand dead, Metr. Dinds. iv 50. co fail sund sin tsleib a mhart (of the hound Calland killed by the Dond Cuailnge), BB 404b26 .

2 mart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mart or


Forms: mairt

n o, m., IGT Dec. § 96. A deriv. from Lat. mortuus? see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 195 ; or perhaps same word as 1 mart = `dead body, corpse', hence in restricted sense an ox or cow slaughtered for meat, an ox- (cow-) carcass, and by extension a living ox or cow . mas e in mil bec ro marbadh . . . m.¤ in mil bic d'fir in mil moir (of two bulls belonging to different owners which have attacked each other), Laws iii 234.8 . lethmairt in mil bic, ib. 10 . Cf. beo in mil bic, ib. 13 . ar carna mairt . . . ar tinde muici `the beef of a cow', 328.20 . dā ba marta, v 110.21 Comm. = na dā mart , 30 . mad radrachus is mes mairt fuirre (i.e. if a cow has `radrachus' it is estimated merely as so much meat), H 3.18 p. 314 ( O'Curry 651 ). rucad in Dond Cualnge . . . dochum longphoirt amail as dech berair m.¤ [dochum] longphoirt, TBC-LL¹ 2041. m.¤ gacha fichet do breith leó (of slaughtered cattle), Cog. 210.23 . a mairt gemre[i]d . . . do c[h]aithem `their winter-beef', BColm. 64. bó i ngach baile, m.¤ as gach creich (a tribute), BNnÉ 265 § 230. .xx. mart do feoil, BB 14b3 . ceáthramhadh mhairt a quarter of beef, Oss. iv 216. mairt (= carnes bovinae), Rosa Angl. 206.1 . The follg. exx. seem used of the living animal: co tarat L. fēr tri n-ogmart cach liss dó, LL 28b55 . ar mbreith . . . a n-almha et a n-indile a mbart et a mbuar, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 8 (St.). ingheiltfid an m.¤ ┐ an bheithir the cow and the bear, Isaiah xi 7 .

Compds. mart-ḟeoil beef: gan mairtfheoil . . . ré n-a dáil ar an bhfleidh, Keat. iii 1053. blas mairtfheola, Eochairsg. 34.29 .

3 mart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 mart or


Forms: Martíi

n m. (< Lat. Martius, cf. i mmis Martíi , SR 238 ) the month of March: hí m.¤ ┐ i n-april, Thes. ii 39.29 , cf. 24 . Cf. compd. martsige a March blast? martsighi gaithi gere, RC xi 25.13 = sidi répgaithi erraig, TBC-LL¹ 3381.