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meth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. meth or dil.ie/32096

Forms: meth, metha, meith, mith, meth, mithibh, meath, m., meith, metha, mith, meth, meath

n o and i, n. and m.; n s. meth n-einich, TBFlidais 10 ( IT ii2 208 = LL 247a40 ), TBFr. 132 , 191 , 192 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v = LL 249b2 , 250a11 , 12 ). g s. metha, Laws; meith, TBC-I¹ 2607 = mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371. n p. trí meth , LL 147b23 . d p. ar mithibh , ZCP x 346 § 10. meath m.¤ , g s. n p. meith or metha, IGT Decl. § 38.8 .

Decay, blight, wasting, failure , both in physical and moral sense. a m.¤ no a garséle (gl. cess), LU 4961 ( TBC-I¹ p. 19 n. 23 ). is m.¤ ┐ milliud dond ḟir, ZCP iii 3.3 ( LL 269a14 ). a m.¤ n-uthruis his wasting through disease, ACL iii 234 § 11 ; meath n-uthrais, 236 § 13 . cia mbad trom leis . . . bith fo m.¤ ┐ mélacht, LL 222b9 ( TTr. 389 ). is terc duine dhá mbiann maith | ná biann m.¤ ar chuit da chlainn, O'Gr. Cat. 119.20. Freq. in threats or imprecations: a m.¤ no a trucha mana tarda dó he shall decay or die early, BColm. 64.28 , cf. 72.22 , 88.14 . m.¤ ┐ moch-léithe . . . doib, RC xv 312 ( Dinds. 18 ). meath dóibh-seom má ḟorluidhsead as a ngéillsine, Leb. Cert. 144.2 . meath for na giallu dia n-elád, RC xxiii 404 § 12. Folld. by defining gen.: ar na raib m.¤ n-einich nā anma duit and, IT ii2 208 ( LL 247a40 ); cf. Fianaig. 72.31 , RC iii 346.33 . ni ar m.¤ gascid dorochrabair-si not from want of valour, TFerbe 586 . cen m.¤ ruamna cech datha, LL 20b7 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll, Content. xxx 19. míorath ┐ meath talmhan failure of crops, Keat. ii 4877. ar meth: mór an crech | tech n-æiged Críst arna m.¤ `that Christ's guest-house should be neglected', BColm. 100.17 . mac becc bacach ar m.¤ `in a decline', Mart. Don. 90.4 . do bí sé ar m.¤ conuice sin at ebb of fortune, BCC § 328. rachaidh furachus an drochdhuine ar meath shall perish, Proverbs x 28. cen meth without fail , common in poetry, oft. a mere expletive: cen m.¤, cen ditha, SR 1015. failet ann tri mūir cen m.¤ , 345 , 4571 . cen terbud, cen m.¤ , ZCP xiii 30.12 . dot-ic cen m.¤ , TFerbe 801 . gach tenga cen m.¤ | forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238.3 . do innis Maodhócc gan m.¤ | sgela d'Fíonán, BNnÉ 277 § 261. g s. as attrib.: nā bí bliadain meith | cen chreich no cen chath `for a feeble year', KMMisc. 264 § 26 ( LL 148b4 ). ? ni thecat da fuapairt | acht [mad] athig mith (: tig), TBC-LL¹ 3371 = nach tanic . . . acht mad aigith meith, TBC-I¹ 2607 ; `derbe Männer', Wind.; feeble (spiritless) churls? the object of Fer Diad is to belittle his opponent. The reading mith is supported by the beginning of poem: is mithig. Cf. Mac Lesc . . . aithech meith, Four Songs 18.1 = a. mith, LL 208a36 , where the sense seems similar.

In moral sense of feebleness, degeneracy: is m.¤, ní maith cotlud trom, SCC 30. is ar m.¤ ro treic . . . ní ar deirc na trocaire through senile weakness (?) he has renounced (the Borama), LL 376a9 .

In pl. in concrete sense: trí meth ócthigirn three short-comings, Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . celtair Dē umam . . . ar mithibh, ZCP x 346 § 10.

In Laws failure (to fulfil an obligation) with gen. of thing failed in: m.¤ sloigid `failure in furnishing men to the hosting', i 152.2 . m.¤ feise la rig `failure to supply the feast of a king', 230.22 . smacht metha uithir `fine for failure of maintaining the sick', 130.16 Comm.

Other applications: ní meath ormsa an chóir do rádh I will not shrink from stating, Content. xviii 14. gibe fhuilngeas . . . meath a chúise dá charaid `if a man lets his friend's cause be defeated' (? lets his cause be weakened by a friend i.e. pleads feebly through partiality for an opponent; see §§ 9 - 13 ), xx 2 . Créud an pecadh doní an té mhionnaigheas gan riachtanas? — Meth a dhála, Luc. Fid. 100.5 . eisdim a do no a tri d'aifrionnuibh má's eidir é, meath mo dhala, Parrth. Anma 370.1 .

As quasi-vn.: do meath ┐ do mí-chumdach midlach `to cow and dismay', MR 230.20 . dobud maith do mheath drochlaoich a ndenoigh what thou dost (sayest) were enough to daunt a craven, ZCP x 285.9 .

Compd. meas meathcraind fruit of a sickly tree, IT iii 88 § 105 = Bruchst. i § 33 .

méth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. méth or dil.ie/32097

Forms: méith, méth-i, -e, méithe, meth

adj o, ā. later also méith; the pl. méth-i, -e, if not g s. of méithe, may belong to latter form treated as i-stem.

(a) plump, fat: n p m. lónaichthi .i. meíth (gl. adipati), Ml. 20a24 . mēth .i. mo a fēith, Corm. Y 925. diamad mé douéradh fuiriocc, robadh m.¤ cech manuc if I provided the bill of fare, every monk would be fat, ZCP vii 268 § 4. mna metha, LL 215a 27 . Aedh remur (.i. Aedh meith), AU ii 456 z . ag méth , IT i 100.11 . bó m.¤ , O'Dav. 284. ferba brachtchi (.i. methi), FB 68. molt meth , Laws v 444.19 Comm. bás muicce méithe, Triads 92. bat metha mo mucca, IT iii 244.21 . dá én lánméthi, Anecd. i 38.6 .

Transf. rich, succulent; luxuriant, fertile: meic indrechtain lan-meith, MacCongl. 33.19 . ? fairec no tomailt meth .i. ide .i. cainneall, O'Dav. 1208 (where possibly meth is a separate gloss). arbur méith, Metr. Dinds. i 2. seacht ndíasa arbha ar én-choinnlín mhéth, Gen. xli 5. créd é an fearann, an truagh é nó an méith, Numbers xiii 20. gan ailges bídh, gan bethaid méth , ZCP viii 231 § 2.

Compar. as tigiu .i. as methiu (gl. crassioris), Ml. 20b1 . ba méthiu a n-ag foracbais-[s]iu, ScM. 8.2 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi = IT i 100.12 ). cid as meithi saill tuircc mesa?, ZCP xiii 270.19 . lus Eigipte is meithe meacan most succulent of root, Keat. Poems 1265. cine is méithe máirnéalaigh `most prolific in sea-faring men' (whose mariners are stoutest? of the Dutch), Ó Bruad. iii 150.

(b) as subst. fat: tic meth ara arainn, Laws ii 238.25 Comm. nir ith ēn-greim méith one morsel of fat, Mart. Don. 19. (fig.) for Aingid . . . mo bennacht co meth with plenty (?), Anecd. ii 32 § 8 (perhaps adv.). As allegor. npr.: Olar, Meith ocus Miscais, RC xxi 154 § 12.

Compd. muca meth-tairr fat-bellied , ZCP xi 95 § 45.