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náire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. náire or dil.ie/32942

Forms: náire

n , f. (1 nár) náire m. and f., IGT Dec. § 1.

(a) shamefacedness, bashfulness, diffidence, backwardness or reluctance (in undertaking someth.): nare . . . .i. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid ┐ is do sin is nomen naire. Feile immorro ainim don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983. ni hopair niad náre, TBC-LL¹ 3275 (i.e. distrust of his own strength, reluctance to fight). Rúanaid atberthe co sse | frisseom ar met a náire , LU 9580 (cf. ZCP iii 204.12 where Stokes reads náne `splendour' = áine?); the nickname Ruanaid (`blusher'?) was given to Diarmaid mac Aedha Sláine for his reluctance to expel Mochuda, cf. ZCP iii 465 § 35 : for in ruanaid (.i. hi ruidioth hoc gabail lama Mocutta), and, BNnÉ 304 § 16 : dobēratt ind oicc aithis fort . . . .i. Diarmait Ruanaidh do radh riut. a náire fri maith, a nemnáire fri holc!, PH 8228. araill dib ara n-uaisle saerthar iat, araill aile is a n-ecodnaigetu, araill aile is ara naire, araill aile is ara mire, Laws iii 112.14 Comm. (of certain hospitallers who are exempted from road-maintenance by reason of their nobility, etc.; transld. `some for the shame of it'; for their diffidence or incompetence to undertake the task?). Cf. also Keat. Poems 834 : ní raibh stad ar theacht a thiodhlac | acht náire na dáimhe ré ndaoire (i.e. the only check on his bounty was the reluctance of his guests to put him to such expense).

Feeling of shame or humiliation: do bhí náire mhór ar na fearaibh, 1 Chron. xix 5. ag tabhairt náire dhon druing nach fuil ní aca, 1 Corinth. xi 22. Shame, disgrace (in objective sense): fear táidhe . . . as é an náire mhór don mhnáoi, IGT Decl. ex. 20 . náire ort, 19 . athgabail aitire aslui feile .i. elas ar a nairi `who absconds to his shame' (?), Laws i 214.25 , 218.12 .

(b) in concrete sense: tancatar immach in banmaccrad ┐ tuargbatar a nnochta ┐ a nnáre uile dó (i.e. their nakedness), TBC-LL¹ 1361 = donnochtat [sic leg.] a mbruindi fris, TBC-I¹ 720.

(c) modesty, sense of decorum, nobility of behaviour, generosity (approaching the sense of féile, from which it is distinguished by Cormac, see above; late and not common use) : do Gaidelaibh mo naire `my honor', BCC § 278 (poem attrib. to Colum Cille) = Measgra D. 46.30 . tealach feile ┐ naire `home of hospitality and generosity', Ériu ii 186.18 = t. feli ┐ garta, ZCP viii 102.18 . Cf. naire .i. glan, O'Cl.