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níam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. níam or dil.ie/33164

 

Forms: níamh, niab, níamh, Niamh, Niamh

n ā, f. orig. form prob. ném q.v. níamh, IGT Dec. § 39.18 . Oft. written niab in early texts. Occas. treated as masc., see Metr. Dinds. iv 340.30 (quoted below) and exx. under níab (which may be the same word): d s. do níamh , Keat. Poems 1540 (beside néimh, 99 ); go níamh n-órdha, CRR² 27 ( Todd Lect. iv 80.15 ).

Lustre, sheen, brilliance ; freq. applied to gold. niam .i. dath, O'Dav. 1295 (a loose definition). crand airgit ris tatin grían | cosmail fri hór a ro-níam , SCC 33 ( LU 3701 ). aurdrochait na ndorus . . . atat fo néim, SR 467 , cf. 7257 . fo néib, 419 . atchonnacus dabaich . . . co néim n-óir, RC xiii 74.1 . nat[h]racha . . . cosmaile co nnéim n-óir, Alex. 709. cathair . . . co néim óir forri, PH 853. sluaighthech . . . niamh oir fair, Marco P. 74. seomra co neim n-oir fair, 91 . lóegh co néimh órdai fair, Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 318.8 ). niamh na n-arm icá n-imert, Acall. 7590. fo néib gréne, LL 371c15 . níam theined, Fél. 132.23 (see ném). níab nárḟuilt Néill, Ériu iv 94 § 13 . cóimhgheal re néimh an aoil, Keat. Poems 99. fid lomnan do neimh caemc[h]rann, Ériu iii 145 § 26.

Of persons beauty or splendour of appearance: álli a níab níam nime fairer his beauty than the brightness of heaven, Ériu iv 108.13 . cid cáem grían . . . áille níab na hingine, 104.10 . dacī naenmur go neim ngloin (of angelic visitors), ACL iii 244 § 4 . co hIngcél noísech néime, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.95 . a ghéag as nua-ghlaine niamh!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 4. Fig. ro techt ro-neib cein ro ma[i]r `great fame', AU 1056 = roi-neimh, AFM ii 870.3 (of Aedh Ua Forréidh, fer léigind of Armagh). co neim nóis, LL 136b23 . Niam Nera Nuallbrethaig, Anecd. ii 53.8 (name of some literary quality or qualification). Compounded with foregoing noun or adj.: scothníam, TBC-LL¹ 1515. bánníam Dé, KMMisc. 254 § 6. nocon é in saebniam sarnua `specious splendour', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.30 .

As npr. f.: Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 9 ( Niam v.l.). Niamh Cinn Óir, Oss. iv 238.9 . d s. Niamh, 262.25 , 264.6 , 9 . g s. céile Niamh , 260 z , cf. 266.2 . Cf. the npr. m. Níamán, TBC-LL¹ 3085.

Compds.

(a) with adj.: ¤adbal: huí Néill níamadbuil, LL 133a44 . stuaga nimi niamadbli, 235b42 . lile niamhbhán, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 7 . ¤corach: atchíu chlaind Neill níamchoraig, LL 48a37 = SG 373.26 . mac . . . Nessa niabdherg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18.14 . ¤glan: for dreich niamghlain Néill, Cóir Anm. 125. ¤glonnach: Niall Niamhglunnach, Ériu viii 136.32 . mac Neill Niamglonnaig, TBC-LL¹ 4502. ¤gorm: for dreich . . . niamguirm Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< AFM a. 844 ). ¤solus: naóidhin níamhṡolas, Ériu v 170.113 (-ṡolais MS.) d'ainglib niamṡoillsi, MR 190.19 .

(b) with noun: ¤brao a shining mill-stone (of a hero), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 = niamhbrae (.i. bru), LL 393b2 , niambraei, BB. ¤cland: o niamchlandaib . . . Neill, MR 258.13 . ¤cruth: pl. niamhcrotha Neill, MR 116.19 . ¤dath, IT iii 41 § 43 = Bruchst. i § 6 . ¤dubad: árna níamdubad di phicc ┐ di thúis (of ships newly painted), LL 235b29 . ¤glaine, LU 2483 = RC iv 256 § 25. Lism. L. 3868 . ¤glanad: do niamhglanadh a n-erreidh, BNnÉ 217 § 100 . agá nighe ┐ agá niamhglanadh féin, TSh. 4206. ¤glonn: g p. o teacht Nemidh na niamglond, BB 13b46 . ¤land: niamland d'ór, Acall. 957 , cf. 3895 . pl. niamlando oir, IT iii 238.103 . ¤lestar, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.16 . ¤nós: co hOileach Neid gu niamnós, BB 25a16 = go ndeaghnós, Keat. i 172.6 . ¤sét: im níamṡétaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 340.30 .