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1 nes(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nes(s) or


Forms: nis

n a weasel: gl. mustela, Sg. 36a9 . luch marb no ness marb, Ériu vii 148 § 12 (= mustela of Lat. parallel, p. 182 ). ness .i. anmanda; ni fois acht utmall, Corm. Y 988 , cf. 975 ( Anecd. iv 84.1 ). nes . . . is ainm don phést re n-abarther bláthnait, H 3.18 p. 611a ( O'Curry 1335 ) = nis in parallel citation from ACC Eg. given in Contribb. s.v. bláthnait .

See 5 es (RIA Dict. E), prob. the same word with apocope of initial n- due to assimilation with the article.

2 nes(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nes(s) or


n o, m.

(a) a wooden mould for shaping a smith's clay furnace or oven (consisting perhaps of a cylindrical block or disk round which the clay was pressed, with a vertical handle or shaft for lifting, Joyce's Wonders of Ireland p. 238 fg. ), and by extension

(b) the clay furnace itself. bai crann ina laim . . . .i. ness a ainm, is uime dognither ind aurnaisi criadh, Corm. Y 975 s.v. nesscoit (of the smith Goibniu). Nes nomen don c[h]rund ut prediximus. Ness ainm don aurnaisi chriadh feisin, amail atbert aroile ben gobend ag denam marbnaide dia fir ... ba binde no chandais dord | fri derc a niss [neis LB] a dā bolg sweetly his two bellows chanted a refrain against the hole of the `ness', ib.; the allusion is to the hole in the furnace through which the joint nozzle of the two bellows passed. neas .i. ainm an chroinn fa ndentar an [sic leg.] urnisi chriadh isin gceardcha. n.¤ .i. ainm don urnaisi chriadh bhios isin ceardcha, O'Cl. ness.i. aurnisi criadh, H 3.18.73b ( O'Curry 16 ). ness gobann `a smith's moulding-block', Triads 148 (one of the three `renovators of the world'; the gl. .i. mála cré, p. 39 makes it refer rather to the furnace).

? Fig. mar chuiris an ghrian a gal | feadh gach tire 'na timchiol, | cuiridh Eoin teas a thoile | tre o [= a] neas eoil na hionmhoine, Arch. Hib. i 99 § 12.

3 nes(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nes(s) or


Forms: ness, nes, neasaim

n a lump or swelling on the body caused by a blow, etc., a wound? ness dano ainm don bēim .i. don c[h]rēcht, ut est isin t[Ṡ]enchas Mar . . . a dirip cuirp duine, | cidhat ili fuile, | ro hairdiged ness;, Corm. Y 975 s.v. nesscoit = ro hainmiged n.¤ , LB; ro hordaiged n.¤ , Laud. Acc. to Corm., the smith Goibniu aimed a blow at every intruder in his forge with his `ness' or moulding-block, thereby raising a lump (cnoc) on his victim's body of the shape of the `ness', hence the name; a fanciful derivation of a word prob. originally different from 2 nes(s). nes [neas v.l.] .i. crecht, O'Dav. 1294. neas .i. crecht, Lec. Gl. 465 = nes, 272 M . neas .i. cnoc. n.¤ .i. crécht, O'Cl. Cf. nissi .i. crécht, O'Cl.; neasaim `I wound', O'R., and nesaigid. neas .i. ainm ratha, Metr. Gl. Ff. 18 may be due to a misunderstanding of the gl. .i. cnoc.

4 nes(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 nes(s) or


n an island? ness .i. inis, O'Mulc. 829 ; `prob. borrowed from O.N. nes or A.S. naes', Stokes. Cf. also: euripus .i. piscina longa .i. inna nnessae [nnannȧessæ MS.], gl. Euriporum, Thes. ii 24.33 ( BCr. 34b8 ); `of the straits', Thes.; euripus `a narrow channel' was used esp. of the strait dividing the island of Euboea from the mainland.

1 nes(s)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nes(s)a or


Forms: nes(s)o, nes(s)u, nes(s)a, nes(s)am

adj. used as compar. of 1 ocus, acus near ; also nes(s)o, nes(s)u; superl. nes(s)a, nes(s)am. Nearer , folld. by DO.

(a) of space: is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . nesso assa nesso nearer and nearer, 12b34a. inna hí ata nessa (gl. inferiora), BCr. 44a1 . superl. (a) hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, Ml. 55c1 . archaṅgeil . . . is nessam do naebaiṅglib next to the holy angels, SR 536 , cf. 538 , 540 , 542 . nesaim, 534 . imdae as nesam do Conaire, BDD 128. nem . . . as nessamh duibh the heaven nearest you, Ériu ii 108 z . itt é ata nessom d'Uíb Néill (= who border on), ZCP viii 317.5 . na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125. bidba na crich ba nessom duit, TBC-LL¹ 9. (b) tri grád as nessu dochum talman the three ranks (of the Celestial Hierarchy) nearest earth, SR 662. dorus ind nime as nesu ille the nearest gate of heaven, FA 15. ind fuithairbe ba nessu don tig, FB 20.

(b) of time: bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás dait-siu perhaps death is no nearer him, FB 94. cid ni is nesa dún innosa? what is going to happen to us? Lat. Lives 101.10 (= dic nobis aliquid . . . quod citius eveniet) = Lism. L. 3344 . cid as nesu dúin de-sin?, TFerbe 783 . is neasa ar chách comurchra nearer and nearer is dissolution, Ériu iv 158.6 . fán Nodloig-si as nesa dhún this coming Christmas, Ériu v 54.29 . tanic isin domnach ba nesa iartain the following Sunday, RC xlvi 230.24 . Cf. further: truagh nach oirne ní as neasa | doní an Coimdhe an cairdeas-sa `a pity that He shows not His friendship more recently to us!' (? that He shows not this friendship more closely, i.e. particularly to me), Dán Dé xxi 13 . déanam síodh sul tí tusa; | usa do dhíol ní as neasa `sin is easier to atone for while yet recent', vii 16 .

(c) of fig. relations: is nessa do inni lemm I deem it nearer the meaning, Wb. 4b17 , cf. Ml. 46c18 , 54a11 . cid is nesem dúin ifesta? what is the next (most necessary) thing for us (to do) ? MacCongl. 103.17 . is de athchomarc is nesam duin diar cobhair the most needful (likely) to help us, ACL iii 294 § 11 , cf. Ériu iv 138.19 .

Hence in legal phraseology nes(s)am = what is needful, indispensable , used as a subst., see Cóic Con. p. 63. ` lāngilli risin nésam ┐ lethgille risin nemnes[e]am' . . . nesam sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan fuil a sechnam aici . . . ┐ is ed is nemnesam ann .i. ní nā rig a les duine do caithem fo cetoir, ib. 33 § 33 (i.e. `nesam' is what a man requires for immediate use and cannot dispense with). nesam toisgedha (what is needed for immediate compensation), ib. § 34 . nesam cina (what is needed to pay immediate compensation), ib.