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omun , ómun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. omun , ómun or dil.ie/33853
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ómun, ómun, hómon, hómun, ómun, homun, homun, omun, (h)omno, omna, ómnu, úamun, omun, uamain, oman

n u and o, m. O.Ir. n s. ómun , Ml. 33c7 , 59a18 , (with art.) int ómun , 42d9 ; hómon, Wb. 6a7 ; hómun, Wb. 16a21 ; d s. ómun , Thes. ii 21.35 ( BCr. 33b14 ); but n s. homun, Ml. 79b2 , 96a10 ; a s. homun, 55c10 ; omun , Wb. 29d15 ; g s. (h)omno, Ml. 128b7 , 9 . omna, Laws text. a p. ómnu, LU 599 (o-st.). In Mid.Ir. always ŏmun (as attested by rhyme), pos- sibly the orig. form; the Gaulish and Brythonic cognates show ŏ, cf. W. ofn (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 49 ). From ómun comes the Mid.Ir. variant form úamun, which is often used indifferently with omun and finally supersedes it. In Mid.Ir. treated as o-st. (occas. as fem., d s. uamain, TBC-LL¹ 1345 , LL 34a17 ). úamhan omhan (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 17.19 . úamhain omhain (f.) § 150.6 .

I As subst. fear, the state of being afraid , absol. or with gen. of cause of fear; transl. Lat. timor, metus in Glosses. oman .i. ecla, O'Dav. 1319. int ómun fil la suidib, gl. cum metuant, Ml. 42d9 . nos gébad ule crith ┐ uamun, FA 14 ( LU 2070 ) = oman, LB. ecla nó uamun, CRR 20. ros-lín oman, PH 1121. uaman, 1244 . fer . . . cen omon, TBC-LL¹ 31. foce[i]rd a n-oman cach tuaith casts . . . into dread, Fianaig. 12.15 . With obj. gen.: robú mór a homun lium-sa (gl. metuebam), Ml. 96a10 . ómun Dáe the fear of God, 33c7 , cf. 55c10 , Wb. 16a21 . omon Fíadat, ZCP v 499 § 4. ar ecla ┐ ar úamun Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1608 . cromfait a cinnu ar m'ecla ┐ ar m'uamain, 1345 . cid do chana dúib ar n-uaman-ne do beth foraib? what causes you to be afraid of us? PH 3399. tre omun fochide, Wb. 29d15 . ar ómun pían n-iffirnd, FA 33 ( LU 2282 ) = ar uamun, LB. omun báis, PH 3830. (with proleptic poss. pron.) ata a uaman oruinde co n[d]ingna sé fasach do crichaib S. we are afraid he will devastate, ZCP vi 295.8 . tig an bás . . . an tan is lugha bhíos a uamhan orra, TSh. 546. eagla Dé . . . tar omhan chréatúra, 6819 . Rarely with subj. gen.: in toirsi dorigne Ísu, noco n-ar a omun fén doróine `through fear for himself', PH 3026 . dorochar-sa fri talum for mét mo omain, 3730 . g s. (a) ermitiu omno Dáe, Ml. 128d9 . cor omna `a contract of fear' (one entered into under intimidation), Laws iv 208.32 Comm. fonascc omna, v 376.3 , cf. 186.7 . (b) boegal i n-ecmais omain daring in the absence of [cause for] fear, PH 3010 ; cf. 3730 . pl. in sense terrors, causes of fear: frisbered omnu huain, ACC 16 ( RC xx 164 ) = ómnu, LU 599 , cf. O'Dav. 1319. all fri homna, Anecd. i 68 § 155. sciath fri homna i n-ernaidhe, AFM i 524.16 (poem).

As pred., is o.¤ LA fears, is apprehensive : is omun lium-sa do chlod-sa I fear thou art vanquished, PH 1793. is omun leam-sa . . . saethar do chaithimh fria gnimradh idhul, Marco P. 1 . is omain leis a mac do facbail, Laws ii 164.22 Comm. Ml. 96a10 (quoted above). As pred., is o.¤ DO is a cause of fear to: ní húamun duit misi 'you need not fear me', FDG² 10.304 . With cop. and dat. pron.: isam ómun ar a aisnéis, LU 5349 = omun , TBC-LL¹ 873 YBL. isim omun ar in mbein `I have fear of the woman', RC xvii 132.22 , cf. MacCarthy 398.4 .

II As adj. generally as pred.

(a) afraid, apprehensive : dia mbad úamain ṁ'ḟer if my husband were a coward, TBC-LL¹ 36 = imeaclach St., omhnach Add. nibtis omain neich they feared no one, ZCP iii 38.25 .

(b) fearful, terrible : bás ┐ cach ní homain, Corm. p. 13 s.v. ceal (g s. ?). ge fuair bas tre re[i]m n-uaban `in his dread career', Celt. Rev. iv 214.6 (possibly g pl.).

Compds. Huamanchenn (npr. m.), ZCP viii 326.20 . mac Huamanchind, ib. 23 . omungnath (< gnáth `wont, habit') a state of fear? o. dorognad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 32 ( Rawl. 115b27 ), cf. Wortk. § 7. Marstrander RC xxxvi 339 takes the word as npr. m., comparing Smirgnath ( § 38 in same poem), Faelgnath, Domungnath, BB 158a27 .