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píast , péist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. píast , péist or dil.ie/34317
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: béist, biast, béssti, píast, pheist, bíasta, bíasta, bésti, pésti, péisd, béisd, bhíasdaibh

n ā, f. (Lat. bestia) also béist, biast, an older form; n p. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . In Mid.Ir. both forms are used side by side, but píast (péist) is commoner and ultimately prevails in Ireland (cf. biast/biasd in Scotland). n s. in pheist , LU 2428 . 9101 ( FB 85 ). g s. bíasta, 9153 ( FB 39 ). n p. bíasta, 8762 ( FB 57 ): bésti, PH 7587 , but pésti, 7670 . péisd béisd, IGT Dec. § 43 . g s. píasda, ib. ex. 1126 . d p. ar bhíasdaibh , ex. 1125 .

A beast, monster , in early lit. generally of fabulous monsters, rarely of wild beasts in general; in sagas and folk-lore of marine or more commonly sublacustrine monsters, often bearing special names and in hagiogr. lit. freq. ejected by the power of saints; an outbreak of pestilence was somet. ascribed to the ravages of a ` píast '; cf. the Life of Mac Creiche, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36 § 49 : da ttangatar tedmanna mora . . . .i. an gríbh ingnech ┐ an bhuidhe Connuill ┐ in bolccsighi ┐ in gerrghar ┐ in broicseach Locha Broicsighi .i. pést. Cf. also: peist quasi pestis .i. teidm, Corm. Y 1067 . béssti olca, gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . no chodlad eter na hilphiasta wild beasts, PH 875 . co mbia tríur óigred oc fir husarachta .i. bésti ┐ nathracha ┐ cruma; beit a maíne oc na piastaib, 7587 - 8 (= serpentes et bestias et vermes, Ecclesiasticus x 13 ). tri caittini . . . .i. tri bíasta druidechta, FB 57 . airm i mbia . . . in pheist irdairc úathmar ilchennach (i.e. the Devil), LU 2428 = RC iv 252.25 . piasta ifrinn, BNnÉ 216 § 95 . ilpesti ithfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 39 . Of marine or lacustrine monsters : cidh ara tuc in bheist isin mhuir anoir do Brigit, Lism. L. 1729 . o bhél na péiste, BNnÉ 72 § 127 = an t-iascc adhbalmhór, ib. le piastaibh an aigéoin, 73 § 130 . don pheist ro boí isind loch, FB 83 . gaibthi in béist assind uisci, LL 250a51 = a mmíl, 250b7 ( TBFr. 229 , 236 ). peisd adhuathmur . . . Cathach a hainm, Lism. L. 1840 (of a monster inhabiting Inis Cathaigh). Of locusts: atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair . . . brucha a n-anman, Ériu ii 192 § 3 (cf. Lat. bruchus, Levit. xi 22 ). frisin béist re n-abar locusta, PH 7651 .

In later lit. a creeping reptile, esp. a worm: nach ferr duit do t[h]omuilt dūinne . . . inā do thomhuilt do phiasdaib na talman?, Marco P. 164 . an cholann do chor i n-uaimh . . . i gcaidreabh crumh ┐ chiaróg ┐ phiast ndochraidh . . . archeana, TSh. 1109 . péiste géara na dtuambaoi . . . doghéanaid ort féasta, Keat. Poems 363 . peste worms, Rosa Angl. 132.18 . pestida, 121.16 . peiste cruime, gl. lumbrici, 23 K 42, 38.15 . piastaidhe an tsíoda silkworms , Corp. Astron. 64.19 . an phiast palmer . . . an péist chancair the palmerworm . . . the cankerworm, Joel i 4 . péist, mialtog, gadmuin, miolcrion `a moth', Eg. Gl. 417 . Fig. of human beings ; gé nach bfuilmaoid acht 'nar bpiasdaibh though we are but worms, Carswell 187.18 . Of ships : do chuireadar amach a bpiasda uathmhara, ML 44.23 .