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pennait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pennait or dil.ie/34273

Forms: pennit, pendait, pennaite, pendaite

n ā,f. O.Ir. pennit, a learned formation from Lat. poenitere or poenitentia (see Thurn. Hdb. 517 , Ped. i 213 ). Mid.Ir. often pendait, g s. pennaite, pendaite.

(a) penitence : pennait a poenitintia , Corm. Y 1043 . cen pennit, gl. imprudentes, Wb. 22c5 . denam . . . pennait buan is atheirge, SR 1574 = denum pendait, LB 112a42 .

(b) penance, expiation ; in rel. lit. generally of penance im- posed by the Church. adlaíg bite oc pennit in aeclesiís, Wb. 9c11 . ro chrú[th]fem-ne ind pennit bes chóir fortsu, Mon. Tall. § 7 . ind pendaid, § 23 . etach pendaite . . . .i. etach silici, PH 453 . barc pendaiti a book of penance (i.e. penitential), O'Dav. 239 . loirghniomh na peannaide, Rule of Tall. 6 § 5 . Aedh . . . do tesdail iar pennaid a mignim, RC xvii 374.16 (Tig.). iar bpentait toghaidhe ina tairmthechtaibh ┐ peacthoibh, FM i 494.3 .

In Laws of fine or penalty due to clergy for injuries, not assessable by laity: uair nach dligid tuath pennait , iii 382.20 .

Of a penalty in general: issí a pennit dé, gl. si quis non vult operari, nec manducet, Wb. 26b20 . lathi a imorbois, bid he lā a phennati, Aisl. MC 29.6 . iumda ernail pennaiti . . . iter bualad ┐ sróigled ┐ crochad , LB 157a29 . Of the pains of hell : tuilled péne ┐ pennaite, FA 16 . an pheanaid uathbhásach (= supplicium), TSh. 6401 .

(c) pain, suffering in wider sense: ag fulang paisi ┐ pean- naidi, ZCP vi 42.14 (of a wounded man). ro baoi a pennait ┐ a peirical anbhail, Fl. Earls 202.13 (of illness), cf. 178.1 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 . le huisce na peannaide water of affliction, 2 Chron. xviii 26 .