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pían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pían or dil.ie/34308

Forms: pén, piana, pían, pé(i)ne, pé(i)n, péin, piana, pianta, pian

n ā, f. (Med. Lat. pēna < poena) O.Ir. pén; n p. piana, Ml. 15c8 . Mid.Ir. pían , g s. pé(i)ne, a d s. pé(i)n. The n s. péin occas. occurs down to mod. times; Mod.Ir. n p. piana, pianta.

Punishment; pain, torment (nearly always of retributive suffering; in early rel. lit. generally of punishment hereafter, often nearly equivalent to hell): pian , gl. poena, Ir. Gl. 54 . isindí . . . bís pén in futuro tre thairmthecht, Wb. 15a16 . pen suthin (= damnatio futura), Ml. 16a6 . inna pi[a]na suthini, gl. futura supplicia, 15c9 . dochum pene suthaine, SR 8353 . hi traig na péne suthaine, FA 24 . fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 162.39 . robbet etrom ocus phein may they be betwixt me and torment (hell), Hy. v 96 . ocum imdegail ar amainsib in chentair ┐ ar phein in alltair, Gild. Lor. 147 . i mbás pecctha ┐ péine (i.e. to be followed by damnation), PH 2974 , cf. 4758 and 5597 . ní bá péna nā réigi shall not be doomed to pain (hell), Trip. 116.26 , cf. Mon. Tall. 131.17 . co naro dilsigea in Comdiu sind do demnaib . . . ar atam chena i n-ar peinn we are enduring our punishment already, LB 112a31 ( MacCarthy 62.20 ), cf. PH 2204 . moirseser . . . do breith o phein docum nimhe (i.e. to bring from purgatory), Lism. L. 612 . as í sin pein phurgadoir, Luc. Fid. 236.9 . i ngéibheann péine purgadóra, TSh. 4742 . In pl. in distributive sense: Hirúath ocus Pilait . . . bithmarait a píana, Fél. Prol. 88 . ron-snádat . . . hi flaith nime sech piana, Hy. v 92 . ro innised . . . focraice nime ┐ píana iffir[n]d, FA 31 . tir inna pían , 29 . ná dechsam . . . la demnu i fudomnaib pian , SR 1550 . dá dtéighir-se i bpéantaibh (i.e. if you go to hell), Keat. Poems 371 (form due to rhyme).

In wider sense: pían Chobthaig for Lóegaire `the vengeance of C. on L.', Metr. Dinds. ii 50.14 (reading of LL; riagh, riad, other MS.). oirecc pene nua, LB 156b55 . taphair pian do lucht na ndrochghniom punish evil-doers, Ériu v 134 § 76 . tucsat crochda ┐ pianna etiachtaide fair, PH 109 . ní facusa pianu mó na sin, Maund. 177 . pian fhoirimeallach aimseardha . . . pian inmheadhónach na hanma, TSh. 4917 , 4919 .

fo (i) péin, folld. by gen. of penalty, under pain (of): fo pein baiss gan duine do dol faoi, Fl. Earls 90.3 . fograis a pein moir gan airget do glacadh uaidip under severe penalty, 78.26 . a péin sé fichit [leg. -et] loilgech, ALC ii 196.22 . go bhfuil sé d'fhiachaibh . . . aifrionn d'éisteacht i bpéin peacaidh marbhthaigh under pain of incurring mortal sin, Eochairsg. 106.5 . The penalty is somet. transferred illogically to its opposite: go bhfuil d'fhiachaibh ar gach n-aon i bpéin a shlánuighthe under pain of (losing) salvation, Eochairsg. 96.5 . fá phéin a shlanaighthe, Parrth. Anma 142.20 = Luc. Fid. 87.18 . aithnim dít fa fein do bethadh (i.e. on pain of death), RC xix 120 § 83 .

cuit péine (lit. a penal ration, hence next to nothing, very little) folld. by condit. or neg. clause hardly, scarcely: is cuit péne má ro éla nech don tslúagh uile úad nád bád baccach hardly any one escaped, TTr.² 1483 . is cuit péne nā herracht and sin inn Eoraip uile cona sluagaib nearly the whole of Europe arose, 639 ; cf. is cuit péne cach ra ḟác [leg. fácad?] dí ṡluag na Eurpa uli nara chomraic immon oenchomarli seo (= nearly every one . . . agreed to), LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ).

Compd. ¤guba: missi hi píangubaib fo greis, | tússu i ṅgrianbrugaib Parduis, SR 1867 .