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sanas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sanas or dil.ie/36175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sanas, sanais

n ā, f. n s. freq. also -ais. sanas o, m. (g s. and n p. -ais, -asa), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . sanais f., § 150 . s.¤ .i. sain-fis, Corm. Y 1133 . s.¤ .i. sainfhios .i. fios sainigthe dearscaighthe. s.¤ .i. cogar, O'Cl. ? sainis gl. contionem, , CMCS xv 12 n. 50 (Vatican, MS Regin. lat. 296, fo. 15a2) .

(a) whisper, act of whispering, private communication : is airdarcu dúin s.¤ ná da neoch aile éigem a whisper is clearer to us than is a shout to another man, MU² 280 . bā sanais fri bodar `whispering to the deaf' (a hopeless task), MacCongl. 71.23 . descaid braith sanuis a whisper is a sign of treachery, Anecd. iii 15.21 . fri Chríst carsait sanais they loved private communion with C., Fél. Mar. 15 . do-chluin sé na sanasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1017 .

(b) privacy, secrecy : aisnēis i táu .i. i sanuis in secret, Corm. Y 1204 . is i sanasaib ferthair (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 1064 . atbér-sa frit-sa . . . i sanais in ní imráidim in private, secretly, PH 1769 . ar se fáthaib . . . gabar in pater i sanais, 7995 . cech comairli derrit bis eter na cairdib, is a sanais is coir a dénum, 8004 . fer bes dech dib is oen i sanais la rí Caisil becomes the confidant of (?), Irish Texts i 20.4 . triar dia rig hi sanais la ri Caisil, 9 . ma mna taiti a sanais secretly, Laws i 190.28 Comm . is techta athchor (sic leg.) mac sula ┐ sanaisi children not acknowledged by their father (?), iii 542.8 Comm . rop slúagach i ndálaib, rop úathad i sanasaib `in secret councils', Tec. Corm. 6.36 . do shlan uaim a Athsa toir | ac nar suaill m'ághsa an alloin | ni guth ort a sanus soin | olc do gabhus ré Galluib the secret of it (?), Irish Texts ii 10 § 2 .

(c) (secret) advice, counsel: sanais int Shatain do chéin | dorad síl Adhaim i péin, | sanais Isu dosucc as, Ériu ix 67 . togbail sanaisi .i. na flatha dó revealing the chief's counsel (plan?), O'Curry 1023 ( H 3.18, 431b ), see Thurn. ZCP xvi 407 . fer comairli ┐ sanais, RC xliii 60.7 . fer sanais (sic), TBC-I¹ 972 (rhet.) = LU 5447 . ? mac sanaisi .i. mac in fir graidh, O'Curry 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21d ). ? na tiag do eipirt sanaise i tau, LL 330e8 = ni thiag tu do epirt sanaisi in tsanais bermaisin me . . ., ZCP xiii 340.13 = dobert sanaise, viii 329.26 . ó shúdh shainnsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1994 .

(d) in bad sense bad advice, instigation : `mé dorad' ar deman dub | `sanus d'Iudas', Ériu iv 114 § 13 . s.¤ nemhe na námod `the venomous whisper of rivals', 212 § 3 . tri sanasa saeba noem n-Erenn the three crooked counsels (i.e. the cutting short of Ciarán's life, the banishment of Colum C., the expulsion of Mochuda from Rathen), Fél. 204.12 , cf. Trip. 556.4 . teora saobha sanasa (of the same), BNnÉ 302 § 9 . an tan do bheir an diabhal sanais do dhuine, Ó Héodhusa 179.10 . ōs iad nach trēicfedh sinn amail do-rinne Maicniadh ar sechnai-ne le sanasuib Saidhbhi, ML² 1556 .

(e) in name of Cormac's Glossary, Sanas Chormaic. Cf. in suo silentio Cormaccus de hóc nomine disputando possuit, RC xv 278.13 . triath .i. rí . . . ut est in (sic leg.) silentio, O'Curry 120 ( H 3.18, 74a ).

(f) the Annunciation : tic sanais da Muiri mhōir, ACL iii 244 § 11 . ria feil Muiri na sainse, ZCP iii 226.15 . mór an ní as fhiu an éanshanuis, Aithd. D. 60.21 . maighdean dá dtugadh sanais sin, PBocht 2.14 . tosach sídh s.¤ Gaibriail, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 . isin tshollamuin so na sanuissi coimhdeta, Smaointe B. Chr. 327 . sanais iar ccáiscc ┐ deasgabhail i n-earrach, AFM v 1662. 17 . go tempall Muire na sanuissi, Fl. Earls 208.y . Muire . . . mar do gab toirches ó shanais Gaibrieil, Maund. 116 .

Compd. truagh mo sanuslaidh `my secret song', BS 96.1 . Cf. sanglaoidh .i. láoidh no roinn do nithear a sanais no go mín: truagh mo sangláoidh .i. as truagh an laoidh do ním a sanais no go mín, O'Cl.