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snaidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snaidm or dil.ie/38123
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: snaidhm

n Mid. and Mod.Ir. form of naidm(m), q.v. snaidhm, m., IGT Decl. § 41 . See also Verbs § 68 .

(a) knot : no tesccadh . . . snadmann na ngad, CCath. 3980 . fri síned na snadmand, LB 120b55 . s.¤ ar théid, IGT Verbs ex. 818 . do ben slatt . . . findchuill . . . ┐ tuc s.¤ ara barr tied a knot on the end of it, Comp. CC 120.15 . snaidh[m] retha noose, ZCP vi 297.4 . ? a coíg do seangand ba s.¤ | gu rosmarbh Fiacha, BB 31a1 . act of knotting : súainimh re sleaghaibh dá snaidhm, IGT Decl. ex. 440 .

(b) Extended meanings. Of the coils of a serpent: nathair noi snadhma[nn] a serpent of nine coils, Manners and Customs ii 280 , l. 17 of note. Berbha o bruth nat[h]rach neimneach, | s.¤ dibh 'ma muinel meic Uair, Ériu x 82 § 58 . Of holds in wrestling: tugadar cuir borba ┐ snadhmanna arrachta, Stair Erc. 2396 . Of building, etc.: snaidhm na bruighne `the building of the hostel', Content. xxx 13 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle (an architectural feature?), IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . snaidhm na gceathra gclár (of the making of the Cross), PBocht 5.7 . Of composing a poem: tuitfid lé sáer a snadma | mé red marbhna, IGT Decl. ex. 153 . In phrases: rosfaide 'na snadmaimm chatha do chathugud fri T. in battle-array, TTr.² 1460 . gur cuiretar snadmanna curad ar na corpaib, Celt. Rev. iii 204.6 . See cúach(ṡ)naidm. tri cealla | . . . | meince s.¤ druadh 'na timcheall, Acall. 938 (`magical contrivance for the defence of fortresses', Stokes). See V. SS. Hib. clxi n. 1 . Of rhyme : snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas? 'what causes the binding of pronounciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 .

(c) act of binding by an agreement, contract, etc.; bond, pact, obligation: ar s.¤ a cor when his agreement had been bound, Ériu iv 226.9 . cach s.¤ co fiadnaib, ACL iii 227.44 . ni coir ben do s.¤ doib to bind a woman to them (in marriage), in gloss on: morseisir . . . arcuile coir urnadhma, Laws v 132.1 , 10 . a ts.¤ féin do cengal cáich = unusquisque in suo nodo alligatur, O'D. 626 ( H 3.17, 465 ). immar nascfe-su do ṡ., Ériu iv 106.13 . ainm an lissi cen lagad: | nách s.¤ dissi a derlagad? `obligation' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.116 . geibh ort a snaidhm sin aile, bur C. undertake that bond, ZCP viii 550.28 . fán snaidhm nár réidhigheadh ruinn the bond I did not loose, TD 30.16 . snaidhm rer námhaid, DDána 21.13 . Freq. with qual. gen., etc.: snaidhm caradraidh a pact of friendship, CCath. 1643 . do sgaoil snaidhm a síorchogaidh `undid the bond of their long war', Aithd. D. 60.22 . do réidhigh . . . | snaidhm cogaidh Chloinne U., DDána 101.54 . ro righneadar snadhmanna cuir ┐ ceangail, Oss. iii 78.13 . mé do bhíodh ag snaidhm na ngiall binding the hostages (i.e. by oath), Content. i 9 . gan snaidhm giall i ngeubhtha an chumha, L. Cl. A. B. 200.105 . ro daingnighset snadhmanna a sidha etarru guarantees for peace, CCath. 2569 . tráth chora snadhma ar an síth, IGT Decl. ex. 86 . snáth snadhma gacha síodha (the Cross), Aithd. D. 88.9 . snadhma sloinnidh bonds of kinship, DDána 40.20 .

(d) difficulty, strait, extremity, perplexity : dorinne C. gach s.¤ acasin do reidhiucchad (of three difficult tasks), Anecd. iii 2.23 . crann . . . | do fhóir soin ar snaidhm, PBocht 5.2 . O. as ainm don chlár | [gá] nach snaidhm lámh leam `which can easily help me', 5.5 . budh snaidhm don domhan do dhíon `it would be difficult for all the world to shelter thee', TD 20.26 . ráinig sí snaidhm a fulaing `she has reached the crisis of her suffering' (Ireland), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 1 . do réidhigh . . . na snadhma `difficulties', Aithd. D. 6.27 . Of verbal difficulty puzzle, obscurity : atbér cen s.¤ co solus | a hainm without beating about the bush, KMMisc. 194.2 = Metr. Dinds. iii 292.3 . gibe do sccriobh, ní s.¤ sunn, | ainm gach riogh diobh aderam there is no difficulty here, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . ní snaidhm ar Bhrian a bheurla, | suil theurna giall airm órdha, L. Cl. A. B. 92.135 . Note also: do sgaoil d'fhádh snaidhm seantarngaireadh loosed the knot of (i.e. fulfilled) old prophecies (of a prince), DDána 89.18 .

Compds.: ¤cheist difficult question : d'fhúasgladh gach snaidhmcheasda don ogham, IGT Introd. § 102 . ¤chinnid `enounce as a binding doctrine', Desid. Gloss.: mar do shnaimchinn comhairle Triont, Mac Aingil 378.7 (cf. Desid. 4966 ). do snáimcinnedh é leis an egluis, 446.4 . gach ní dar snaidhmchinneadh inta (sc. in the Councils of the Church), 481.4 . vn.: dochum gach neith . . . d'órdughadh ┐ do snáidhmchinnedh, 499.2 . ¤ṡlige: feadhna re snaidhmshlighthibh dréacht do bhraith `involved ways of song', Ó Bruad. ii 206.3 .