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talam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. talam or dil.ie/39932
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t., talmain, talam, talman, talmain, talmanna, talmana, talman, talmanib, talmhan, talmha, talaimh, tailimh, talam, taladh, thalaidh, talta, talman, talamgeindi

n n, m. n s. int huile t.¤ , Ml. 69d3 . a d s. talmain, Wb. 33d4 . Ml. 113c2 . 115b14 . 131b4 . SR 2020 . Thes. ii 353.8 . talam , Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 45d13 . 68c4 . g s. in talman , Ml. 51c24 . a du. talmain, Corm. Y 516 . n p. talmanna, ML² 1581 . a p. talmana, Ml. 81c14 . g p. talman, Ml. 40d16 . d p. talmanib, 69a10 . See IGT Decl. § 19 . In Early Mod. Ir. also with varying gender and inflection. As n, f. : g s. na talmhan , DDána 3.8 . TSh. 186 . Cf. na talmha (: Torna), Content. xvi 200 . As o, m. : g s. an talaimh , TD 11.12 . tailimh, ITS xxiv 128.11 . g p. talam , Maund. 72 . IGT Decl. § 17 . n s. taladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 135 n. 11 . g s. thalaidh, Maguires of F. 31.12 . a p. talta, Mac Aingil 350.10 . Cf. Corp. Astron. 50.24 , 88.9 . n s. talman (m.), De Contemptu s.v.

I the earth in geographical sense.

(a) the earth, the world : int uile comthirchomracc sanctorum hi t.¤ , Wb. 7c8 . in nule cuaird in talman, Ml. 25a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, 40d16 . aesca bís ... os t.¤ , BCr. 33b1 . i nelluch in talman, Thes. ii 5.32 . tairismige t[h]alman `stability of earth,' 356.3 . ri dorigne ... t.¤ , SR 315 . ríg talman `earthly kings,' Fél. Prol. 245 . manid t.¤ imid-rae, BDD² 501 . in t.¤ condascara ná inné búadrugud mo meic-sea ... for Táin bó Cualnge?, TBC-LL¹ 4690 . Adam ... mac in talman nóim, PH 2023 . for talmuin .i. for talamuin for main dolomartaig in talmun, Laws v 14. 1 , 6 Comm. nāch bīad a dīn for talmain he would have no protection on earth, ZCP viii 114.z . clár ... an talmhan, TD 7.37 . os fheruib in talman, Stair Erc. 499 . sealbh na talmhan, Matthew v 5.

(b) earth as opposed to heaven: ar indocbáil talman `earthly glory,' Wb. 23d21 . eter muntir nime et talman, 26d5 . Ml. 106a3 . 119d9 . Thes. i 484.7 . rosōera mo chorp for talmain | ronóeba m'anmain for nem, ii 353.8 . Ísu Crist ... slaníccid nime ┐ talman, PH 2981.

(c) country, territory: inna ndoine robatar isnaib talmanib sin, Ml. 69a10 . mairg talamh dár thighearna, TD 32.42 . ca talamh duit?, 38.1 . isin T.¤ naomtha `the Holy Land,' ALC i 468.1 .

(d) Hence in phr. tír ┐ t.¤ (cf. W. tir a dayar): di thír et t.¤ ná ní sin, Wb. 9b19 . oc scarad fri Temraig .i. fría tír ┐ fria talmain co bráth, LU 4386 . óna thír ┐ óna thalamh féin, TSh. 2738.

II earth, ground as distinct from air and water (in this sense occasionally in pl. ).

(a) In general sense of earth, ground, soil: far samailsi fri talmain, Wb. 33d4 . ni mesa indas t.¤ for tiresi gl. terram quae est sicut vestra terra, Ml. 34a5 . t.¤ tíre tairngeri, 118d22 . trí indlach inna talman nisin `through the cleaving of those earths' (earthquake), 40d16 . forsna talmana cobsaidi `on the firm lands,' 81c14 . lubai in talman, SR 1568 - 9 . lamcur doib (stakes) co nach urfaema in t.¤ , Laws iv 112.12 . fóid in talman, RC xxiii 414 § 26. maidm talman ... ina faiche `a chasm ... in his green,' Laws iii 254.19 Comm. maidhm talmhan ` earthquake ,' Keat. iii 2400 . a n-īslib ┐ a n-etrigib na talman, ML² 37 . saididh ... an cuailli ... cu raghaibh t.¤ `took root,' Lism. L. 2385 . talta tiorma clochacha dry, stony soils, Corp. Astron. 50.24 . is talamh naomhtha, Exodus iii 5 .

(b) the earth as enveloping medium: as in t.¤ fessin, Ml. 45d13 . fó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 614 . Hence tech talman an underground chamber, cellar: co seotu is tech talman, SR 3196 . na tairclasa ┐ na tigi talmun, BB 238b2 . airdlestair ┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . a n-uaim thalman, Stair Erc. 1811 . Hence also the earth considered as burial-place, the grave: asréracht ... | Ísu a brú thalman, Fél. March 27 . i lepaidh talman, ZCP vi 264 § 1 . tabhair [ar] ndal i dtalmhain | neamh dom anmhain, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 11. no go bhfilligh tú chum na talmhan, Gen. iii 19.

(c) the earth as a surface, crust: cach luib ... ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . riasiú táirset t.¤ , BDD² 943 . do tuit ceathruímthe frisin for talmain one fourth of it (the fine) lapses, is annulled (?), Laws iv 126.21 Comm. do thalmain caithid a cuid they eat off the ground, Maund. 39 . fri lár talman, LU 8379 (FB). clār talman, ML² 1375 . Frequently in phr. co talmain to the ground, down: fer co talmain every inch a man, TBC-LL¹ 5322 . cor bris gach oirbi ... co talmuin, RC xviii 151.3 . rug dorn tréinfhir go talamh `brought a strong man's hand to the ground,' TD 10.18 . guna co talmain, Stair Erc. 2137 . o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 157.11 . cen rochtain co talmain, cen éirghi ar uachtar shaili the bottom of the sea, Lism. L. 3771 . Also with fo: tuc mór slúag fo thalmain laid low, Sc.M² 24.z . bhar bhfuil | ná léigeann tréan fá thalmhain, Content. xxix 10.

(d) the earth in explicit antithesis to sky and water: a muirib ┐ aeraib ┐ talmandaib, Ériu ii 136 § 118 . connar cungain nem nó talmain, LU 8533 (FB). nem úasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ muir immuind, TBC-LL¹ 5974.

(e) Hence dry land: dus in fagbad ... | talmain (the dove sent by Noah), SR 2568 . tond fri talmain, LU 8617 (FB). ní fuil t.¤ ann (beyond Pillars of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1383.

III earth as a substance, clay: cona bi t.¤ and gl. (argentum) terrae purgatum, Ml. 31c29 . ? dia tarat Dia tinfed ṅglan | dochum do chuirp i t.¤ , SR 1790 . do delbais in taeb sa ... | do thalmain, ACL iii 242 § 7 . ón thruaill talmhansa `this body of clay,' Dán Dé xvi 12.

Various: etarche ... .i. etartalamh .i. talamh is īsliu eter dā talmain ardae .i. eter dā imaire, Corm. Y 516 . a T. uas talmannaib (God), Ir. Lit. 2.21 . Of the Virgin Mary: talamh í as airde ná neamh, DDána 46.57 `a creation higher than Heaven is she,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 268 ógh ... dar bh'ainm naomhthalamh ós nimh, DDána 49.6 . ? corop ech bas t.¤ tíre | alad úane `a horse of land' (reward for poem), MS. Mat. 489.20 ( LL 45b23 = Rawl. 85b44 ).

Compds. ¤chrith earthquake: mar thrasgarthar an teach ... lé talaimh-chrioth, TSh. 9137 . ¤chumscugud earthquake: ro gab crith ┐ t. mór insi hErend, LU 9759 . trethan ┐ t. mor, TTebe 2932 . tromthorann ┐ talamhcumhsccughadh, AFM vi 2132.6 . ¤geinddae: g s. in talamgeindi gl. terregenae, Ml. 68c4 . ¤minugud act of pulverizing earth: Findoll Caisirni .i. cisternaei ... .i. talamh-mhinugud, ar issé cét-duine lér' tochladh talamh ar tús, Cóir Anm. 254 . ¤nem (dvandva) heaven and earth: tighearna ar talaimhneamh, Aithd. D. 94.1 . ¤thuinide: iat ina lighi ... re lar ... co ngabtais in talam-tuinide `they were taking hold of the site of the earth,' CCath. 6138.