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toisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toisc or dil.ie/41297

Forms: tosccadh, toscai, thosca, t., ttoscca

n i, f. Later also tosccadh, AFM vi 2214.15 , cf. O'Gr. Cat. 12.11. a pl. toscai, Fél. July 19 .

(a) need, necessity: co nderna cech ball anas t.¤ dialoiliu, Wb. 12b6 . amal as t.¤ fri biathad na forcitlaide ł. amal as t.¤ fri foirbthetid caingníme, 31d17 . ní grammatic tantum as t.¤ do deimnigud as vera disciplina, Thes. ii 7.25 . di cach rét bas t.¤ dó iter brat ┐ biad, Ériu vii 164.2 . ni acallta nech co mba fri t.¤ , ZCP iii 29.37 .

(b) wish, desire: t.¤ limm fer oínsetche dunarructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 . t.¤ .i. uoluntas hominis. Nach ni iarom is adlaic ┐ is laind la duine, is ed isbeir is t.¤ (.i. is tol dam), Corm. Y 1201 . trí cóicait diliu toscaib `thrice fifty (psalms) dearer than (other) works,' Ériu iii 98 § 17 . ni fuil mo th.¤ armotha | acht airm no dot-faccursa, RC xiv 402.8 . dorignius ní bad t.¤ dam, Metr. Dinds. iv 246.75 . fri t.¤ sóid `with desire of good cheer,' ii 78.15 . naemh seanchas naem Ínsi Fail | d'eolchaib is t.¤ a togbail, BB 229b23 . atbert in ben ┐ in sacart nat roibi a t.¤ na ndis leisin isin tír ngentlighi, Ériu v 156.172 . is ed ro ráidset, nach roibi a th.¤ accu a dénum, Mer. Uil. 104.

(c) In phr. óen-t.¤ d'óen-t.¤ purposely: dochótar corici Thrói, óentoisc do décain Hectoir, TTr.² 1093 . dias sain de fennedaib ... forroeglass d'óen t.¤ o Ailill ┐ o M., TBC-LL¹ 4389 . dula d'aentoisg dar a cenn, Laws iii 422.5 Comm. coiléin óga do bheathughadh d'aon-toisg i gcomhair chorp na marbh do chognamh ┐ do chraos-longadh, TSh. 5707 . a hablach tá dá stracadh as a chéile | ag madraidhibh Sacsan go cealgach d'aontoisc, ITS iii 8.36 .

(d) quest, errand; business: adfíadat dó a t.¤ ┐ a n-imresain immá tudchatar, LU 8998 . airgid a dochum. Eprid frie for t.¤ , TBFr.² 396 . is í so ar t.¤-ne cucut, CCath. 1665 . ni fil t.¤ nach duine frinn, 3329 . in fitir tusa ca t.¤ aile risa tangamarne dot insaigid, Acall. 5793 . lúath a lám ac letrad chrand | is é cét-fer diarbo th.¤ , whose business it was, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.7 . corbí a t.¤ d'iarraidh maithme na Boromha, RC xxvii 296 § 59 . rofetar-sa do t.¤ ... .i. do saerud P., TTebe 3716 . bidh am umhal-sa frisin t.¤ sin, Lism. L. 2965 . 'sgam samhlughadh re damh | as diomhaoin toisg san eadradh, Content. xvi 6 . a ócclaigh De, as mallaighthi do thoiscc chuccain, BNnÉ 67.31 . do imtigh gach nech dibh le na toiscc fein .i. Decclán do cum nEreann ┐ Patruicc do chum na Romha, ITS xvi 18.6 . la taeb na toscasin do do chuaid Sinon, Aen. 484 . dorachainn leisin t.¤ ┐ leisin techtairecht-sin, ZCP vi 58.16 . Also in pl. ceilebras iarsin don inghin ┐ do indis a thosca , Ériu iii 164 § 20. `is fír' ar sí `is iat sin do thosca,' ib. do chuaid ... re toiscaib dethbhiri amac necessary business, Laws i 196.18 Comm. do cuadur re toscu deithbere, ii 32.1 Comm. fecht oén da tánic Semplán sacart ... do Licc na Sinnach ri toscib, LL 353a69 = fria dethbhirius, LB 22a2 . tiagair dia tochmurc uadha .i. na secht ṅDuinn, is iad dochuaid frisna tósca sin, ZCP xiii 198.10 . is eimilt do Thigerna romat ┐ tanacc-sa cugad ... ┐ ni he na filet toscai eimilt ele acum `wearying business,' Irish Texts i 44.3 . roferat mo thechta tosca co C., Comp. CC 7.23 . comēt dam mo chossa ... | nā digset i fosta | fri tosca cen tarba, ZCP vi 259.26 . co ndeachaid cach dib fri tosga a lethi, Ir. MSS. Ser. iii 178.22 . ind h-uair do chuiris-se mese ris na toscaib sin, YBL 150a31 . do chuaidh gach aon aca re a dtoisgibh agus re a d-tuarasaibh féin, ML 26.23 . ro innis a thosca ┐ a techtairecht, ZCP vi 274.9 .

(e) military expedition: t.¤ do denum doibh ar lucht Muighi Luirg, AU ii 528.11 . Dungal ... doríndi t.¤ a Toraigh ┐ t.¤ aile a n-Inis Cuirenn righe, cor airg ..., RC xvii 236.26 . t.¤ longsi do denam do Pilip Mag Udir co Loch Uachtair, Ann. Conn. 1369.12 . toisg seabhaic fo minéanuib, Duan. F. i 13.31 . do mothaigetar glé-lasracha a thoisce do'n turas sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.1 . táinic M. ... t.¤ toirtimech drochamail d'fios Í Briain, 58.16 .

(f) journey: duine doichlech imm a phroind | is olc a t[h]. a colaind, ACL iii 221.23 . tanic Padraic an Erinn don t.¤ deigenaich, YBL 140b50 . toisg laei co n-aidchi o [a] taigh fén, TBC-LL¹ p. 419 n. 2 . dom toisgc cucu buddechtsa, BColm. 98.11 . tarbhach t.¤ in tairrngeartaigh, SG 32.7 . tecat dit frithailem i ndrochtoisc dóib, MacCongl. 122.17 . tenn ┐ toirrthim na tosga sin do thuitim iar n-athaid orra, ML² 1059 . tángabhair t.¤ aithriomhail, O'Gr. Cat. 513.11. Eoghan Mór mhac Mogha Néid | do-chuaidh trá toisg a leithéitt, Studies 1921, 76 § 21 . is iongnadh linn | mar thig tu-sa toisg innill, DDána 92.42 . fri, re (later ar) t.¤ on a journey: teit grian a denus fria tuisc | in Uirginum in Auguist, SR 247 . atbert riss in rí co réil | eirgg dam ri t.¤ léir co luath, LL 208b24 . do thriall ar toisg don Eadáil, Measgra D. 55.11 .

(g) occurrence, occasion: d'ithi a ṡūla, nir th.¤ āigh, Anecd. i 37 § 98 . toisg dá dtáinig mórphudhar, DDána 64.15 . do gach toisg d'á dtárla dhóibh ó Fhéinius Farsaidh anuas, Keat. i 224.22 . rob oirdhercuccadh anma ┐ onora do S R. an toiscc sin, AFM v 1846.8 . do milledh Temair do'n t.¤ sin, SG 35.27 . ruc ... sgiath Fortibrais leis ... don t.¤ sin, RC xix 48.3 .

(h) condition, state: tuig a Thaidhg ge taoi róighlic | gur éirigh díbh toisg Ghóidrisg, Content. xvi 185 . truagh do thoisg, a chláirseach bhinn, Measgra D. 6.33 . aitchim ort, dod chumhaidh coisg | ós liomsa do thoisg is truagh, 27.60 . dá gcluineadh onchú Uladh | toisg an tríochad Feallsamhan, DDána 75.19 . In pl.: robo menmnach lasna righaibh a ttoscca , Stair Erc. 39.

(i) In phr. do th.¤ on account of: go ttiocfadh iomad ... dochair ... dá toisg, IT ii2 110.19 . is é adhbhar fá dtug Colum Cille fá deara Cath Cúile Rathan do thabhairt ... do th.¤ iomrasain tarla idir Cholum Chille ┐ Chomhghall, Keat. iii 1399 . ag caoineadh a amarráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 2140 . ionnus go raibhe ré n-iodhnaibh lé hiarghnó ... do thoisg an bháis dá rochtain, 4029 . do cailleadh ... do thoisg seilge Finn, Oss. iii 196.18 .

Compds. ¤mer quick-moving: buidhne trice toisgmheara, ML 84.25 . ¤réid ready for action: na dtoraibh tiugha toisgréidhe, ML 124.19 .

toisc(h)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toisc(h)id or dil.ie/41298

Forms: ta[i]sgid

n i,[f.] (cf. toisc ). Also ta[i]sgid. ? Vn. of *to-ad-saig, *to-oss-saig, see GOI § 53.

(a) need, necessary business : ar in ni is cetharda frisi ruidhmidhther side: elguin ocus toiscidh anfis ocus eitge (motives for a crime), Laws i 262.2 . ar dligid cach bean ara nascar la Feine a t.¤ , v 292.26 . creic neich doda·esaib do toisc[h]idib `was ihnen an notwendigen Dingen fehlt,' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.7 . mad baitsech nach tuailing a t.¤ who cannot provide for herself, Laws iii 542.6 . ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe; falloing tuath fadessin fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs,' Críth G. 599 . nesam toisgeda article necessary for existence: nesam toisgedha, nesam is toisgedha leis do gabhail re caithem fo cetoir gan a iarraid ar nech ele `das Nächste für Lebensunterhalt, ein Nächstes (Nötigstes), das zu erhalten zu seinem Lebensunterhalt gehört, ohne dass er einen andern darum angehen muss ,' Cóic Con. 33 § 34 . lan gille risin nesum toiscida `an article of necessity,' Laws iii 322.14 . Hence: toiscidi .i. caithem, ut est No ní do iasc ... ba maith do toiscidi i. do caithom, O'Curry 81 ( H 3.18, 62b ).

(b) maintaining, sustenance, food: asnuisse tasgid ... ind áisso gráid, Wb. 29a13 . mad ar lóg pridchasa .i. ar metiuth et mo thoschith, 10d23 . is hed roerbad fria toschid, 18 . is hed roerpad dom dom thoschid, 27 . no geibed Flidais ... di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1632 . roerbad iarom bó find ... dia taiscid, Irish Texts i 3.8 . ni íca fine a chinaid acht a t.¤ the `fine' are not responsible for his liabilities, but they maintain him, O'Curry 2168 ( Eg. 88, fo. 5 ). toiscead cach aesdrecht cona chinntaib, `the support of all pet animals,' Laws iv 120.20 .

See 2 taiscid.

toisc(h)ide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toisc(h)ide or dil.ie/41299

Forms: toiscidhe

adj io, iā (Cf. toisc(h)id) necessary: is taschide timne dée do chomalnad and, Wb. 10a18 . is tascide gl. necessarium, Ml. 20a11 . gach ret as taschidi do duine, RC x 82.7 . ó dobertsat in ro badh toisgide leo do aitiribh an tíre, AFM v 1862.28 . gach ní ro badh toisccidhe do fhlaith, vi 2298.5 . Superlative: doneoch is toiscedum dib ann, Laws i 162.18 Comm. toiscidhe, O'Cl. see toisc . Cf.: tó co toiscide silence when necessary ?, Ériu vii 136.13 = ZCP iii 25.10 . forluamain espai cen taiscithe, Ériu vii 172.10 = ZCP iii 27.34 .

toisc(h)idecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toisc(h)idecht or dil.ie/41300

n [ā, f.] ( toisc[h]ide) necessity: in toiscideacht, nocu cenel do na ceithir cenelaib he, Laws iii 96.25 .

toisc(h)idetu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toisc(h)idetu or dil.ie/41301
Last Revised: 2019

n t, f. ( toisc[h]ide) necessity: taschidetu far n-íccesi gl. necessarium est propter uos, Wb. 23b37 . ar thaischidetaid in metair 'through metrical necessity,' Études Celt. xl 70 (Ml. 65b11​).