Search Results

Your search returned 1 result(s).

turbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turbaid or dil.ie/42492

Forms: tairbad, turbhadh, turbaide, turbhuidhe, turbada, thurbhuidh, tirbithi, terbaide, turbaide, tirbada, turbadh, turbaidh, -aidhe, -i, tarbata

n f. vn. formation apparently from *to-ro-buith, but corresponding in meaning to do-rorban < *dí-ro-ben hinders (Plummer MS. notes cites Lat. turbatio). See Plummer, Ériu ix 32 , Thurn. ZCP xv 330 . For form and inflection cf. 1 esbaid, tesbaid. n s. also tairbad, Fianaig. 10 § 9 . turbhadh, DDána 40.3 . g s. turbaide, Laws i 198.24 . turbhuidhe, LBranach 690 . More commonly turbada. thurbhuidh, LBranach 3976 . ? Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 34 § 32 . n p. tirbithi, Wb. 14d13 . a p. terbaide, SR 8319 . turbaide, ZCP xiv 383 § 47 . tirbada, Rawl. 86a45 . turbadh, turbaidh, g s. -aidhe, -i, IGT Decl. § 12 , § 13 . See torbad, torbaid, trúig.

I

(a) hindrance, prevention, interference, delay: tucad t.¤ chotulta | do Mac D., Sc.M² 3 . is t.¤ ém damsa ... dul dia fhuaslucud-som ┐ mé alacht I am prevented from going to help him, LL 126a5 . techt do thrāthaib ... | cen terbud, cen meth, ZCP xiii 30.12 . dia tairmesc no dia terbaid, IT ii2 228.49 . mainbad tairbad bāis dīmair `had mighty death not intervened,' Fianaig. 10 § 9 . dá cét slechtain ... | ... | a ndenum cen nach t.¤ to be carried out unfailingly, Ériu i 197.3 . don turbhaidh thug ar an dtóir his harrying of the pursuit (?), DDána 64.7 . fa turbadh ḟíre d'Ulltaibh violation of the rights of the men of Ulster, IGT Decl. ex. 545 . créad an turbhaidh atá ort | gan teacht ?, TD 2.40 . lé Rughraidhe gur threabh Temhair | ben turbhaidhe d'fheraibh hí forbidden (?), 23 D 14, 32 cited TD ii 203 . terbadh aighae oenaigh Tailtean `prevention of the celebration,' AFM i 416.11 = derbaid, AU i 298.3 .

(b) trouble, misfortune, disaster: `turbhuidh' ainm gac[h] urbhadha, Metr. Gl. 17 § 45 . turbhaidh .i. urbaidh no tubaisde, O'Cl. cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn gl. ex multa tribulatione et angustia cordis scripsi uobís, Wb. 14d13 . ro múchad, mór tirbaid | míad L., Fél. Prol. 169 . ? mithigh lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 = tarbata, ACL iii 311 § 6 . a mbeith fri tress fo thirbaid ` in distress ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.3 . fūair turbaidhe agon tuind teas, ZCP viii 227 § 7 . gach turbhaidh a-tá chugoinn ` ruin ,' Aithd. D. 98.5 . do leath a turbhuidh timchioll (of a land bereft of its chief), C IV 1, 176b cited TD ii 203 . do chuaidh ar dheis Dé nimhe | oighre an Athar ainglidhe | a thurbhadh uaim dá fhagháil | uaidh a-dubhradh deasgabháil `we had caused his coming down,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 12 . turbhadh d'olc na hEireann `ruin from the ills of I.', Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . mar mhac M. | do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh `repaired ... the loss of the cattle-pen,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 .

II Temporary exemption from fulfilment of legal obligations or from infliction of penalties (most commonly athgabail `distraint') on grounds of certain external contingencies recognised by law; the grounds of this exemption; the period of the exemption . See de Jubainville, RC vii 228 f. Thurn. ZCP xiv 383 , xv 333 f. is anad di (athgabáil) re [re] na turbaide, Laws i 198.24 Comm. taurbaid aithgabala ... mani deraib terbaid exemption from distress ... unless it be prevented by exemption,' ii 122.4 , 12 Comm. athgabail tar turbuid distraint in violation of an exemption, v 256.31 . deithbir turbadha `law of exemption,' i 102.21 Comm. do rer dligidh turbhadha, ii 36.22 Comm. turbaide breigi false claims to exemption, v 310.15 Comm. gach turbaidh cána nar hicadh fri ré in righ `every deferred legal due' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 687 ( H 3.17, col. 504 ). cach turbaidh tecmaic dlighid a tasc `every accidental t.¤ (e.g. due to death) must have notice given of it' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 944 ( H 3.17, col. 661 ).

A list of the grounds of exemption is given at Laws i 266.20 - 268.10 , ending with: cach turbuid co ndetbire iar ndia ┐ duine, dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir `every exemption on ground of necessity before God and man, witnesses are named after a just and proper manner.' Note also: athgabail fir bis ben fri uaithni .i. ... i n-uair gabala na hathghabala táinic in turbuid ann, O'D. 89 ( H 3.17, col. 76 ). athgabail fir for a nascar fir caire .i. dul do cairiu fira, ┐ ro ba t.¤ co toirsi on cairi muna gabadh apadh i turbaidh .i. sechtar crich tiagar and; damad a crich nocha bia t.¤ in fat sin air (i.e. a man travelling outside the territory to undergo trial by ordeal has exemption), Laws i 198.19 Comm. t.¤ conaire `Entschuldigungsgrund des Weges' (i.e. a man on a journey is exempt from prosecution), ZCP xviii 388 . t.¤ éca a athar ro airbertnai ... ann, ┐ ata in t.¤ seo do gach duine iar neg a athar, O'Curry 1619 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). turbuidh .i. galuir exemption on grounds of illness, Laws i 282.26 Comm. secht turbaide im-a-dichitis cach re la Feine: geall sloighed ..., v 308.16 . turbuide athghabala sloighedh amuigh gonus ┐ loisgas, ii 102.2 Comm. [e]slān taurbad[a] tascuir rīg the exemption due to the arrival of a king, ZCP xv 332 § 25 , see pp. 333 f.

The period of exemption varied from one day to one year: turbuid urnadmu mna co hiar trisi ... turbuid eirce slabrad co de mis ... turbuid gaiti mad for innsi ... turbuid dearmuid dala co arabaruch acht imtongar ro gabu de a chuimne ... turbuid galair sirg iarmotha mis, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ). t.¤ bliadna ... t.¤ erraig no fogmair, Laws iii 392.y - 394.4 Comm. cain bera do dlighedh arbera do turbaidh. Turbaidh bliadhna do cach duine i nÉrind iar n-éc righ Érend, etc., O'D. 944 ( H 3.17, col. 661 ) = turbuidhe, O'D. 739 ( H 3.18, 353b ). in turbaidh bliadhna ata don n-ecodnach, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 40b ).

Eccles. turbaide techta in domnaig (sic leg.) `lawful exemptions of Sunday,' Ériu ii 208 § 32 . cen t.¤ cen díchell do neoch bes hi cumung na eclaisi without exemption or neglect of all that is in the power of the church, i 220 § 11 . go cech t.¤ techtai conmestar brit[h]im, Anecd. iii 22.11 .

Hence in Mod. Ir. respite, cessation: go bhfríoth dar dtaoibh-ne turbhadh | do-ghéabhtha i mbais Dé a dhearbhadh that we have obtained a respite, DDána 40.3 . don té lér fhás t'oirbhire | níorbh é tráth na turbhuidhe `period of exemption' (Gloss.), LBranach 690 . turbhadh adhnadh `cessation from burning (castles)' (Gloss.), 2795 . timcheall tighearnais an tuaisgirt | ní turbhaidh tharla ar tuir mBaoi, DDána 110.30 . le turbha time `enjoying a respite from terror,' Ó Bruad. i 122.z .